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Showing 1 to 15 of 79 results Save | Export
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Howard, Steven J.; Cook, Caylee J.; Everts, Lizl; Melhuish, Edward; Scerif, Gaia; Norris, Shane; Twine, Rhian; Kahn, Kathleen; Draper, Catherine E. – Developmental Science, 2020
The widely and internationally replicated socioeconomic status (SES) gradient of executive function (EF) implies that intervention approaches may do well to extrapolate conditions and practices from contexts that generate better child outcomes (in this case, higher SES circumstances) and translate these to contexts with comparatively poorer…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Executive Function, Socioeconomic Status, Intervention
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Vandermosten, Maaike; Correia, Joao; Vanderauwera, Jolijn; Wouters, Jan; Ghesquière, Pol; Bonte, Milene – Developmental Science, 2020
There is an ongoing debate whether phonological deficits in dyslexics should be attributed to (a) less specified representations of speech sounds, like suggested by studies in young children with a familial risk for dyslexia, or (b) to an impaired access to these phonemic representations, as suggested by studies in adults with dyslexia. These…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Genetics, Dyslexia
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Gaither, Sarah E.; Fan, Samantha P.; Kinzler, Katherine D. – Developmental Science, 2020
Studies of children's developing social identification often focus on individual forms of identity. Yet, everyone has multiple potential identities. Here we investigated whether making children aware of their multifaceted identities--effectively seeing themselves from multiple angles--would promote their flexible thinking. In Experiment 1, 6- to…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Problem Solving, Children, Thinking Skills
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Debnath, Ranjan; Tang, Alva; Zeanah, Charles H.; Nelson, Charles A.; Fox, Nathan A. – Developmental Science, 2020
Exposure to early psychosocial deprivation as a result of institutional care disrupts typical brain development. The Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP) is the first longitudinal study to investigate the neurodevelopment of institutionalized infants randomized to a foster care (FCG) intervention versus care as usual (CAUG). Here, we…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Placement, Child Development
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Barr, Rachel; Rusnak, Sylvia N.; Brito, Natalie H.; Nugent, Courtney – Developmental Science, 2020
Bilingual infants from 6- to 24-months of age are more likely to generalize, flexibly reproducing actions on novel objects significantly more often than age-matched monolingual infants are. In the current study, we examine whether the addition of novel verbal labels enhances memory generalization in a perceptually complex imitation task. We…
Descriptors: Infants, Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Comparative Analysis
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Zhao, Li; Chen, Lulu; Sun, Wenjin; Compton, Brian J.; Lee, Kang; Heyman, Gail D. – Developmental Science, 2020
Research on moral socialization has largely focused on the role of direct communication and has almost completely ignored a potentially rich source of social influence: evaluative comments that children overhear. We examined for the first time whether overheard comments can shape children's moral behavior. Three- and 5-year-old children (N = 200)…
Descriptors: Cheating, Moral Development, Socialization, Preschool Children
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Johnson, Blake; Jobst, Cecilia; Al-Loos, Rita; He, Wei; Cheyne, Douglas – Developmental Science, 2020
In a previous study, we reported the first measurements of pre-movement and sensorimotor cortex activity in preschool age children (ages 3-5 years) using a customized pediatric magnetoencephalographic system. Movement-related activity in the sensorimotor cortex differed from that typically observed in adults, suggesting that maturation of cortical…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Preschool Children, Diagnostic Tests
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Vinci-Booher, Sophia; James, Karin H. – Developmental Science, 2020
Letter production through handwriting creates visual experiences that may be important for the development of visual letter perception. We sought to better understand the neural responses to different visual percepts created during handwriting at different levels of experience. Three groups of participants, younger children, older children, and…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Handwriting, Visual Perception, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Wermelinger, Stephanie; Gampe, Anja; Helbling, Natascha; Daum, Moritz M. – Developmental Science, 2020
Previous research has shown differences in monolingual and bilingual communication. We explored whether monolingual and bilingual pre-schoolers (N = 80) differ in their ability to understand others' iconic gestures (gesture perception) and produce intelligible iconic gestures themselves (gesture production) and how these two abilities are related…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Nonverbal Communication, Pictorial Stimuli, Deafness
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Delalande, Lisa; Moyon, Marine; Tissier, Cloélia; Dorriere, Valérie; Guillois, Bernard; Mevell, Katel; Charron, Sylvain; Salvia, Emilie; Poirel, Nicolas; Vidal, Julie; Lion, Stéphanie; Oppenheim, Catherine; Houdé, Olivier; Cachia, Arnaud; Borst, Grégoire – Developmental Science, 2020
A number of training interventions have been designed to improve executive functions and inhibitory control (IC) across the lifespan. Surprisingly, no study has investigated the structural neuroplasticity induced by IC training from childhood to late adolescence, a developmental period characterized by IC efficiency improvement and protracted…
Descriptors: Intervention, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Executive Function, Inhibition
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Azaryahu, Libby; Courey, Susan Joan; Elkoshi, Rivka; Adi-Japha, Esther – Developmental Science, 2020
Music and mathematics require abstract thinking and using symbolic notations. Controversy exists regarding transfer from musical training to math achievements. The current study examined the effect of two integrated intervention programs representing holistic versus acoustic approaches, on fraction knowledge. Three classes of fourth graders…
Descriptors: Music Education, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Holistic Approach
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Rennie, Joseph P.; Zhang, Mengya; Hawkins, Erin; Bathelt, Joe; Astle, Duncan E. – Developmental Science, 2020
We used two simple unsupervised machine learning techniques to identify differential trajectories of change in children who undergo intensive working memory (WM) training. We used self-organizing maps (SOMs)--a type of simple artificial neural network--to represent multivariate cognitive training data, and then tested whether the way tasks are…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Teaching Methods, Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Development
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Bergelson, Elika; Amatuni, Andrei; Dailey, Shannon; Koorathota, Sharath; Tor, Shaelise – Developmental Science, 2019
Measurements of infants' quotidian experiences provide critical information about early development. However, the role of sampling methods in providing these measurements is rarely examined. Here we directly compare language input from hour-long video-recordings and daylong audio-recordings within the same group of 44 infants at 6 and 7 months. We…
Descriptors: Infants, Early Childhood Education, Comparative Analysis, Language Acquisition
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Younger, Jessica W.; Lee, Keun-Woo; Demir-Lira, Ozlem E.; Booth, James R. – Developmental Science, 2019
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been shown to influence language skills, with children of lower SES backgrounds performing worse on language assessments compared to their higher SES peers. While there is abundant behavioral research on the effects of SES, whether there are differences in the neural mechanisms used to support language skill is less…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Phonological Awareness, Language Skills, Comparative Analysis
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Schneider, Julie M.; Maguire, Mandy J. – Developmental Science, 2019
School-aged and adolescent children continue to demonstrate improvements in how they integrate and comprehend real-time, auditory language over this developmental time period, which can have important implications for academic and social success. To better understand developmental changes in the neural processes engaged during language…
Descriptors: Semantics, Syntax, Language Processing, Error Patterns
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