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Showing 1 to 15 of 125 results Save | Export
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Kalashnikova, Marina; Pejovic, Jovana; Carreiras, Manuel – Developmental Science, 2021
Bilingualism is a powerful experiential factor, and its effects have been proposed to extend beyond the linguistic domain by boosting the development of executive functioning skills. Crucially, recent findings suggest that this effect can be detected in bilingual infants before their first birthday indicating that it emerges as a result of early…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Attention, Executive Function, Infants
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Shannon, Katherine A.; Scerif, Gaia; Raver, C. Cybele – Developmental Science, 2021
The current study examines the organization of attention skills across the preschool year before kindergarten, and tests how distinct attention subcomponents predict early academic skills in a sample of low-income children (n = 99). Children completed well-validated attention tasks in fall at 4.5 years old and spring at 5 years old, capturing the…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Low Income Groups, Attention, Models
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Hauschild, Kathryn M.; Pomales-Ramos, Anamiguel; Strauss, Mark S. – Developmental Science, 2021
Visual attention measures of receptive vocabulary place minimal task demand on participants and produce a more accurate measure of language comprehension than parent report measures. However, current gaze-based measures employ visual comparisons limited to two simultaneous items. With this limitation, the degree of similarity of the target to the…
Descriptors: Attention, Receptive Language, Vocabulary, Visual Measures
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Meijer, Anna; Königs, Marsh; Bruijn, Anne G. M.; Visscher, Chris; Bosker, Roel J.; Hartman, Esther; Oosterlaan, Jaap – Developmental Science, 2021
Previous research in children has shown that higher cardiovascular fitness is related to better executive functioning. However, the available literature is hampered by methodological limitations. The present study investigates the relationship between cardiovascular fitness and executive functioning in a large sample of healthy children (N = 814).…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Human Body, Physiology, Correlation
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Bettle, Rosemary; Rosati, Alexandra G. – Developmental Science, 2021
The natural pedagogy hypothesis proposes that human infants preferentially attend to communicative signals from others, facilitating rapid cultural learning. In this view, sensitivity to such signals is a uniquely human adaptation and as such nonhuman animals should not produce or utilize these communicative signals. We test these evolutionary…
Descriptors: Animals, Attention, Cues, Communication (Thought Transfer)
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Nencheva, Mira L.; Piazza, Elise A.; Lew-Williams, Casey – Developmental Science, 2021
Young children have an overall preference for child-directed speech (CDS) over adult-directed speech (ADS), and its structural features are thought to facilitate language learning. Many studies have supported these findings, but less is known about processing of CDS at short, sub-second timescales. How do the moment-to-moment dynamics of CDS…
Descriptors: Child Language, Speech Communication, Intonation, Attention
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Haman, Maciej; Lipowska, Katarzyna – Developmental Science, 2021
People tend to underestimate subtraction and overestimate addition outcomes and to associate subtraction with the left side and addition with the right side. These two phenomena are collectively labeled 'operational momentum' (OM) and thought to have their origins in the same mechanism of 'moving attention along the mental number line'. OM in…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Arithmetic, Attention, Spatial Ability
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Prather, Richard – Developmental Science, 2021
Children's knowledge of arithmetic principles is a key aspect of early mathematics knowledge. Knowledge of arithmetic principles predicts how children approach solving arithmetic problems and the likelihood of their success. Prior work has begun to address how children might learn arithmetic principles in a classroom setting. Understanding of…
Descriptors: Attention, Number Concepts, Arithmetic, Children
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Geary, David C.; Scofield, John E.; Hoard, Mary K.; Nugent, Lara – Developmental Science, 2021
The study tested the hypotheses that boys will have an advantage learning the fractions number line and this advantage will be mediated by spatial abilities. Fractions number line and, as a contrast, fractions arithmetic performance were assessed for 342 adolescents, as was their intelligence, working memory, and various spatial abilities. Boys…
Descriptors: Males, Fractions, Spatial Ability, Attention
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Nava, Elena; Föcker, Julia; Gori, Monica – Developmental Science, 2020
Combining information across different sensory modalities is of critical importance for the animal's survival and a core feature of human's everyday life. In adulthood, sensory information is often integrated in a statistically optimal fashion, so that the combined estimates of two or more senses are more reliable than the best single one. Several…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Preschool Children, Teaching Methods, Games
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Tiego, Jeggan; Bellgrove, Mark A.; Whittle, Sarah; Pantelis, Christos; Testa, Renee – Developmental Science, 2020
Executive Function (EF) and Effortful Control (EC) have traditionally been viewed as distinct constructs related to cognition and temperament during development. More recently, EF and EC have been implicated in top-down self-regulation - the goal-directed control of cognition, emotion, and behavior. We propose that executive attention, a…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Self Control, Self Management, Emotional Response
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Chen, Chi-hsin; Castellanos, Irina; Yu, Chen; Houston, Derek M. – Developmental Science, 2020
Coordinated attention between children and their parents plays an important role in their social, language, and cognitive development. The current study used head-mounted eye-trackers to investigate the effects of children's prelingual hearing loss on how they achieve coordinated attention with their hearing parents during free-flowing object…
Descriptors: Attention, Parent Child Relationship, Child Development, Eye Movements
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D'Souza, Dean; D'Souza, Hana; Jones, Emily J. H.; Karmiloff-Smith, Annette – Developmental Science, 2020
Typically developing (TD) infants adapt to the social world in part by shifting the focus of their processing resources to the relevant aspects of a visual scene. Any impairment in visual orienting may therefore constrain learning and development in domains such as language. However, although something is known about visual orienting in infants at…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Attention, Language Acquisition
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Fröhlich, Marlen; Wittig, Roman M.; Pika, Simone – Developmental Science, 2019
The onset of intentional communication in children's first year of life represents a major milestone in human cognitive development. Similarly, it is well established that our closest living relatives, the great apes, communicate with signals characterized by at least first-order intentionality. Despite the well-documented influence of…
Descriptors: Animals, Development, Communication Strategies, Infants
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Snowling, Margaret J.; Lervåg, Arne; Nash, Hannah M.; Hulme, Charles – Developmental Science, 2019
Speech perception deficits are commonly reported in dyslexia but longitudinal evidence that poor speech perception compromises learning to read is scant. We assessed the hypothesis that phonological skills, specifically phoneme awareness and RAN, mediate the relationship between speech perception and reading. We assessed longitudinal predictive…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Dyslexia, Phonology, Phonemic Awareness
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