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Von Holzen, Katie; Bergmann, Christina – Developmental Psychology, 2021
As they develop into mature speakers of their native language, infants must not only learn words but also the sounds that make up those words. To do so, they must strike a balance between accepting speaker-dependent variation (e.g., mood, voice, accent) but appropriately rejecting variation when it (potentially) changes a word's meaning (e.g., cat…
Descriptors: Infants, Pronunciation, Auditory Discrimination, Phonological Awareness
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Gonzalez, Antonya Marie; Steele, Jennifer R.; Chan, Evelyn F.; Lim, Sarah Ashley; Baron, Andrew Scott – Developmental Psychology, 2021
Research suggests that exposure to stories about Black adults who are contributing positively to their community can reduce implicit pro-White/anti-Black racial bias in older children (ages 9-12). The aim of the current research was to replicate and extend this finding by investigating whether a different child-friendly manipulation exposing…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Individual Development, Racial Bias, Children
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Chestnut, Eleanor K.; Zhang, Marianna Y.; Markman, Ellen M. – Developmental Psychology, 2021
How do children learn gender stereotypes? Although people commonly use statements like "Girls are as good as boys at math" to express gender equality, such "subject-complement statements" subtly perpetuate the stereotype that boys are naturally more skilled. The syntax of such statements frames the item in the complement…
Descriptors: Sex Stereotypes, Syntax, Gender Issues, Semantics
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Puente-Martínez, Alicia; Prizmic-Larsen, Zvjezdana; Larsen, Randy J.; Ubillos-Landa, Silvia; Páez-Rovira, Darío – Developmental Psychology, 2021
A well-documented finding in aging and emotion research is that older adults reliably report less negative and, often, more positive affect than younger adults. How older people accomplish this is, however, an open question. We propose that this age effect is the result of differential use of emotion regulation strategies, especially when…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Emotional Response, Self Control, Young Adults
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Rogers, Leoandra Onnie; Rosario, R. Josiah; Padilla, Dayanara; Foo, Christina – Developmental Psychology, 2021
Black Lives Matter (BLM) has profoundly shifted public and political discourse about race in the United States and thus the broader sociopolitical landscape in which children learn about race and their own racial identities. A sample of Black, White, and Multiracial children (N = 100; M[subscript age] = 10.18 years old) were interviewed about…
Descriptors: Racial Identification, Children, Activism, Racial Attitudes
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Singh, Leher; Tan, Annabel R. Y. – Developmental Psychology, 2021
A significant body of literature has demonstrated that infants demonstrate a decline in sensitivity to nonnative sound contrasts by their first birthday, a transition often thought to be adaptive for later word learning. The present study investigated infants' sensitivity to these contrasts in a habituation-based discrimination and word learning…
Descriptors: Infants, Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Foreign Countries
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Cowan, Nelson; AuBuchon, Angela M.; Gilchrist, Amanda L.; Blume, Christopher L.; Boone, Alexander P.; Saults, J. Scott – Developmental Psychology, 2021
Younger children have more difficulty in sharing attention between two concurrent tasks than do older participants, but in addition to this developmental change, we documented changes in the nature of attention sharing. We studied children 6-8 and 10-14 years old and college students (in all, 104 women and 76 men; 3% Hispanic, 3% Black or African…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Individual Development, Children, Preadolescents
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Tran, Dianna; Braungart-Rieker, Julie; Wang, Lijuan – Developmental Psychology, 2021
Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K; N = 6,420; 67.9% White/non-Hispanic, 15% Hispanic, 13% Black/non-Hispanic, 2% Asian, 3% Native American/Alaska Native; 25% of parents' income <$25,000, 25% = $25,001 to $45,000, 29% = $45,001 to $75,000, 20% = $75,001 or greater) were used to test structural equation models in which…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Discipline, Child Behavior, Behavior Problems
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Van den Akker, Alithe L.; Briley, Daniel A.; Grotzinger, Andrew D.; Tackett, Jennifer L.; Tucker-Drob, Elliot M.; Harden, K. Paige – Developmental Psychology, 2021
In early adolescence, levels of conscientiousness and agreeableness have been found to temporarily decrease, with levels of neuroticism increasing, indicating a dip in personality maturation. It is unknown whether these changes are related to the process of puberty, a major developmental milestone with numerous changes for children. Here, we first…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adolescent Development, Personality Traits, Personality Development
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Qian, Miao; Heyman, Gail D.; Quinn, Paul C.; Messi, Francoise A.; Fu, Genyue; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2021
Age-related differences in explicit and implicit racial biases in Black Cameroonians (N = 187, 94 females) were investigated using a cross-sectional design. Participants ranged in age from 3 to 30 years, and were from middle-to-high income families in Yaoundé, Cameroon. Biases were assessed by comparing attitudes toward Blacks with those toward…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Racial Bias, Foreign Countries, Social Status
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Gülseven, Zehra; Liu, Yangyang; Ma, Ting-Lan; Yu, Mark Vincent B.; Simpkins, Sandra D.; Vandell, Deborah Lowe; Zarrett, Nicole – Developmental Psychology, 2021
Developmental theories and previous research have emphasized the significance of cooperation and self-control in middle childhood. The present study extends previous research by examining (a) the growth of cooperation and self-control as well as the relations between them in middle childhood (third to sixth grade) and (b) the extent to which…
Descriptors: Cooperation, Self Control, Social Development, Emotional Development
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Goyer, J. Parker; Walton, Gregory M.; Yeager, David S. – Developmental Psychology, 2021
Developmental systems theory and life span development describe the role of individual--context interactions in individual development but have not directly addressed how individuals pursue achievement goals in institutional contexts. We developed a theory informed by these perspectives that explains how institutional contexts affect emerging…
Descriptors: Success, Individual Differences, Young Adults, Individual Development
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Lütke, Nikolay; Lange-Küttner, Christiane – Developmental Psychology, 2021
We investigated mental rotation in children by systematically varying the adult cube aggregate's set size, rotation angle, and picture/depth plane rotations in a new test. Eighty 4- to 11-year-old mainly middle-class children (British Indian and British African majority and white minority; 40 girls and 40 boys) were assessed using the new…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Spatial Ability, Visualization, Children
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Cheung, Pierina; Ansari, Daniel – Developmental Psychology, 2021
"Place value," which underlies the meanings of multidigits, encompasses the principle of position and base-10 rules. To understand 65, one needs to know that the digits 6 and 5 occupy different positions and thus represent ordered values of different magnitudes (i.e., the "principle of position") and that the value of each…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Children, Child Development, Age Differences
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Kray, Jutta; Kreis, Barbara K.; Lorenz, Corinna – Developmental Psychology, 2021
This study examined whether age differences in risky decision making are dependent on known probability and value of outcomes (i.e., the expected value [EV]), the valence of anticipated outcomes (gains or losses), and individual differences in working memory and impulsivity. We used a task that varied risk independently from EV so that taking…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Decision Making, Risk, Short Term Memory
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