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Zuffianò, Antonio; Colasante, Tyler; Buchmann, Marlis; Malti, Tina – Developmental Psychology, 2018
We assessed the extent to which feelings of sympathy and aggressive behaviors codeveloped from 6 to 12 years of age in a representative sample of Swiss children (N = 1,273). Caregivers and teachers reported children's sympathy and overt aggression in 3-year intervals. Second-order latent curve models indicated general mean-level declines in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Empathy, Aggression, Psychological Patterns
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Orth, Ulrich; Erol, Ruth Yasemin; Ledermann, Thomas; Grob, Alexander – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Common sense suggests that romantic partners tend to be interdependent in their well-being and self-esteem. The authors tested the degree to which codevelopment in romantic partners (i.e., development in similar directions) is due to mutual influence between partners or due to the effects of shared environment, using longitudinal data from 5…
Descriptors: Well Being, Self Esteem, Intimacy, Interpersonal Relationship
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Böger, Anne; Huxhold, Oliver – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Loneliness is a stressful experience that appears to interfere with health and social integration (SI). Recently, researchers proposed that both antecedents and consequences of loneliness may change across the life span. To fully understand the processes related to loneliness it may thus be crucial to adopt an age-differentiated perspective. This…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Aging (Individuals), Older Adults, Adults
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Cruz, Rick A.; King, Kevin M.; Mechammil, Molly; Bámaca-Colbert, Mayra; Robins, Richard W. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The current study identified alcohol and cannabis use trajectories among a sample of Mexican-origin youth and examined cultural and familial correlates from childhood to adolescence. Mexican-origin youth (N = 674) from Northern California were assessed annually from ages 10 to 17 (8 waves). Latent class growth modeling examined variability in…
Descriptors: Mexican Americans, Substance Abuse, Marijuana, Alcohol Abuse
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Rapa, Luke J.; Diemer, Matthew A.; Bañales, Josefina – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Marginalized youth's development occurs in contexts rife with racialized, gendered, and socioeconomic social identity threats and barriers to social mobility. An emergent line of inquiry suggests critical action--a component of critical consciousness, defined as engaging in individual or collective social action to produce social change--may…
Descriptors: Social Mobility, Structural Equation Models, African Americans, Low Income Groups
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Ricker, Ashley A.; Corley, Robin; DeFries, John C.; Wadsworth, Sally J.; Reynolds, Chandra A. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The present study prospectively evaluated cumulative early life perceived stress in relation to differential change in memory and perceptual speed from middle childhood to early adulthood. We aimed to identify periods of cognitive development susceptible to the effects of perceived stress among both adopted and nonadopted individuals. The sample…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Memory, Cognitive Processes, Age Differences
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Leech, Kathryn; Wei, Ran; Harring, Jeffrey R.; Rowe, Meredith L. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Preschool children's use of decontextualized language, or talk about abstract topics beyond the here-and-now, is predictive of their kindergarten readiness and is associated with the frequency of parents' own use of decontextualized language. Does a brief, parent-focused intervention conveying the importance of decontextualized language cause…
Descriptors: Intervention, Preschool Children, Interpersonal Communication, Communication Skills
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Davies, Patrick T.; Martin, Meredith J.; Cummings, E. Mark – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Although social difficulties have been identified as sequelae of children's experiences with interparental conflict and insecurity, little is known about the specific mechanisms underlying their vulnerability to social problems. Guided by emotional security theory, this study tested the hypothesis that children's emotional insecurity mediates…
Descriptors: Parent Influence, Interpersonal Relationship, Conflict, Interpersonal Competence
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Lubke, Gitta H.; McArtor, Daniel B.; Boomsma, Dorret I.; Bartels, Meike – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Longitudinal data from a large sample of twins participating in the Netherlands Twin Register (n = 42,827, age range 3-16) were analyzed to investigate the genetic and environmental contributions to childhood aggression. Genetic auto-regressive (simplex) models were used to assess whether the same genes are involved or whether new genes come into…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, Twins, Aggression
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Van de Vondervoort, Julia W.; Aknin, Lara B.; Kushnir, Tamar; Slevinsky, Janine; Hamlin, J. Kiley – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Whereas some evidence suggests that toddlers consider targets' deservingness when deciding whom to help, other research demonstrates that toddlers help indiscriminately. The present findings shed light on this discrepancy by demonstrating that although toddlers do exhibit selectivity in giving behaviors, their emotional responses are comparatively…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Emotional Response, Antisocial Behavior, Child Behavior
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Bratt, Christopher; Abrams, Dominic; Swift, Hannah J.; Vauclair, Christin-Melanie; Marques, Sibila – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Ageism is recognized as a significant obstacle to older people's well-being, but age discrimination against younger people has attracted less attention. We investigate levels of perceived age discrimination across early to late adulthood, using data from the European Social Survey (ESS), collected in 29 countries (N = 56,272). We test for…
Descriptors: Age Discrimination, Aging (Individuals), Foreign Countries, Older Adults
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Bosmans, Guy; Young, Jami F.; Hankin, Benjamin L. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
We examined the prediction that the interaction between Glucocorticoid Receptor Gene ("NR3C1") methylation, stress, and experienced maternal support predicts anxious and avoidant attachment development. This was tested in a general population sample of 487 children and adolescents (44% boys, M[subscript age] = 11.84, SD[subscript age] =…
Descriptors: Interaction, Genetics, Stress Variables, Mothers
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Gueron-Sela, Noa; Camerota, Marie; Willoughby, Michael T.; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Cox, Martha J. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
This study examined the independent and mediated associations between maternal depression symptoms (MDS), mother-child interaction, and child executive function (EF) in a prospective longitudinal sample of 1,037 children (50% boys) from predominantly low-income and rural communities. When children were 6, 15 and 24 months of age, mothers reported…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Parent Child Relationship, Interaction
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Pluess, Michael; Assary, Elham; Lionetti, Francesca; Lester, Kathryn J.; Krapohl, Eva; Aron, Elaine N.; Aron, Arthur – Developmental Psychology, 2018
A large number of studies document that children differ in the degree they are shaped by their developmental context with some being more sensitive to environmental influences than others. Multiple theories suggest that "Environmental Sensitivity" is a common trait predicting the response to negative as well as positive exposures.…
Descriptors: Child Development, Environmental Influences, Questionnaires, Psychological Patterns
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Knight, George P.; Mazza, Gina L.; Carlo, Gustavo – Developmental Psychology, 2018
We examined how the development of familism values from 5th to 10th grade relates to 12th-grade prosocial tendencies (after controlling for 10th-grade prosocial tendencies) using a stratified random sample of 749 Mexican American adolescents (M = 10.42 years of age at 5th grade; 48.9% girls) from 35 culturally and economically diverse…
Descriptors: Family Relationship, Mexican Americans, Adolescents, Prosocial Behavior
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