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Kim, Young Chun; McVey, Michael; Jung, Jung-Hoon – Curriculum Matters, 2020
Shadow education or private supplementary tutoring has become an international phenomenon as increasing numbers of students seek help beyond traditional schooling for academic achievement. The positive relationship between students' academic achievement and participation in shadow education has been previously reported. However, the manner in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Tutoring, Academic Achievement, Mastery Learning
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Krzyzosiak, Jacek; Stewart, Georgina – Curriculum Matters, 2019
This article analyses research literature and policy texts to investigate the extent to which culturally responsive education policies can improve Maori achievement in schools. It presents a snapshot of current levels of Maori inequity, which is followed by an account of the history of Maori education policy to illustrate the origins of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Culturally Relevant Education, Pacific Islanders, Educational Policy
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Kim, Young Chun; Gough, Noel; Jung, Jung-Hoon – Curriculum Matters, 2018
Shadow education has been studied in areas such as comparative education, educational policy, sociology of education, education and economics, and lifelong education, but mainstream Anglophone curriculum studies have largely ignored this phenomenon. We argue that shadow education should be considered as an emerging (and significant) focus of…
Descriptors: Tutoring, Curriculum Research, Educational Research, Academic Support Services
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Johnston, Michael; Hipkins, Rosemary; Sheehan, Mark – Curriculum Matters, 2017
This article explores the effect of high-stakes assessment on the representation of epistemic knowledge in the enacted curriculum--that is, the curriculum experienced by students in the classroom. Epistemic knowledge concerns the processes for constructing and evaluating theories that explain phenomena in the natural and social worlds.…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Epistemology, High Stakes Tests, Inquiry