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Kim, Young Chun; McVey, Michael; Jung, Jung-Hoon – Curriculum Matters, 2020
Shadow education or private supplementary tutoring has become an international phenomenon as increasing numbers of students seek help beyond traditional schooling for academic achievement. The positive relationship between students' academic achievement and participation in shadow education has been previously reported. However, the manner in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Tutoring, Academic Achievement, Mastery Learning
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Kim, Young Chun; Gough, Noel; Jung, Jung-Hoon – Curriculum Matters, 2018
Shadow education has been studied in areas such as comparative education, educational policy, sociology of education, education and economics, and lifelong education, but mainstream Anglophone curriculum studies have largely ignored this phenomenon. We argue that shadow education should be considered as an emerging (and significant) focus of…
Descriptors: Tutoring, Curriculum Research, Educational Research, Academic Support Services