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Alexandra Hegji; Sylvia L. Bryan; Elayne J. Heisler – Congressional Research Service, 2024
The number and availability of service-contingent loan forgiveness and loan repayment programs have expanded considerably since the establishment of the first major federal loan forgiveness program under the National Defense Education Act of 1958. This report provides information on federally authorized service-contingent student loan forgiveness…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Loan Repayment, Public Agencies, Financial Support
Congressional Research Service, 2024
Student-parents face unique postsecondary persistence and completion challenges as they balance raising children with the demands of coursework and possibly employment. To help low-income student-parents earn degrees and credentials, the federal government provides Child Care Access Means Parents in School (CCAMPIS) grants to institutions of…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Parents, Child Care, Low Income Students
Edgerton, Adam K. – Congressional Research Service, 2023
Student-parents face unique postsecondary persistence and completion challenges as they balance raising children with the demands of coursework and possibly employment. In order to help lowincome student-parents earn degrees and credentials, the federal government provides Child Care Access Means Parents in School (CCAMPIS) grants to institutions…
Descriptors: Parents, Employed Parents, College Students, Low Income Students
Hoover, Katie – Congressional Research Service, 2023
This report provides background information on Forest Service (FS) and Bureau of Land Management (BLM) revenue-based payments and a brief overview of a related payment program--the Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILT) program. Because the revenue-based, Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000 (SRS), and PILT payments interact…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Rural Schools, Federal Aid, Rural Areas
Fountain, Joselynn H. – Congressional Research Service, 2023
This report describes the several programs devoted to financially assisting minority-serving institutions (MSIs) under the Higher Education Act (HEA). MSIs are eligible for other federal programs for which institutions of higher education (IHEs) and nonprofit organizations are eligible if they meet the program eligibility criteria. This report…
Descriptors: Minority Serving Institutions, Higher Education, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation
Fountain, Joselynn H. – Congressional Research Service, 2023
This report provides a brief overview of the major provisions of the Higher Education Act (HEA), organized by title and part. Appendix A of this report provides detailed appropriations figures for HEA programs, from FY2019 through FY2023. Appendix B gives a brief overview of the General Education Provisions Act, which applies to the majority of…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Higher Education, Federal Programs
Heisler, Elayne J. – Congressional Research Service, 2023
This report describes the Children's Hospitals Graduate Medical Education (CHGME) program's (1) purpose and structure, (2) history, and (3) authorizations and appropriations. It also provides select program data, including the number of hospitals supported under the program, their location, the amount of funding they receive, and the number of…
Descriptors: Children, Hospitals, Medical Education, Graduate Study
Zota, Rita R.; Hegji, Alexandra; Shohfi, Kyle D. – Congressional Research Service, 2023
Income-driven repayment (IDR) plans are a subset of student loan repayment plans that cap a borrower's monthly payment at a percentage of their discretionary income, which is defined as a portion of a borrower's adjusted gross income (AGI) that exceeds a specified multiple of the federal poverty line (FPL) for the borrower's family size. A…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Student Loan Programs, Federal Aid, Loan Repayment
Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.; Zota, Rita R. – Congressional Research Service, 2023
This primer summarizes the Education Sciences Reform Act (ESRA), the Educational Technical Assistance Act (ETAA), and the National Assessment of Educational Progress Authorization Act (NAEPAA). The report is organized in a manner that aligns with P.L. 107-279, the law that enacted the three acts. The ESRA authorizes much of the federal…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Public Agencies, Federal Government
Hegji, Alexandra – Congressional Research Service, 2023
The William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) program is the single largest source of federal financial assistance to support students' postsecondary educational pursuits. The U.S. Department of Education estimates that in FY2024, $85.8 billion in new loans will be made through the program. As of the end of the first quarter of FY2023,…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Debt (Financial)
Hegji, Alexandra – Congressional Research Service, 2023
Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA; P.L. 89-329, as amended) authorizes the operation of three federal student loan programs: the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) program, the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program, and the Federal Perkins Loan program. While new loans are currently authorized to be made only…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Debt (Financial), Federal Programs, COVID-19
Dortch, Cassandria – Congressional Research Service, 2023
The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) administers several veterans' educational assistance programs for servicemembers and veterans and their family members. The GI Bills are the most well-known and popular veterans' educational assistance programs. The VA estimated that it provided $10.2 billion in benefits to over 800,000 participants in…
Descriptors: Veterans, Veterans Education, Student Financial Aid, Access to Education
Billings, Kara Clifford – Congressional Research Service, 2023
The federal government has prescribed nutritional requirements for school meals since the authorization of the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) in 1946. Such requirements have changed throughout the course of history. Current law requires the Secretary of Agriculture to prescribe "minimum nutritional requirements" based on…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Nutrition, Standards, Lunch Programs
Liu, Edward C.; Stiff, Sean M. – Congressional Research Service, 2023
In August 2022, the U.S Department of Education (ED) announced it would invoke the Higher Education Relief Opportunities for Students Act of 2003 (HEROES Act) to cancel up to $20,000 of federal student loan debts for borrowers who fell below certain income thresholds. The HEROES Act authorizes the Secretary to "waive or modify" statutory…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment, Federal Legislation, Debt (Financial)
Skinner, Rebecca R.; Sorenson, Isobel – Congressional Research Service, 2023
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), most recently comprehensively amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA; P.L. 114-95), is the primary source of federal aid to support elementary and secondary education. The Title I-A program is the largest grant program authorized under the ESEA and was funded at $17.5 billion for FY2022.…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Educational Finance
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