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Skinner, Rebecca R.; Fountain, Joselynn H.; Dortch, Cassandria – Congressional Research Service, 2022
From March 2020 through March 2021, three laws provided increasing levels of federal funding for elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education primarily through the Education Stabilization Fund (ESF) in response to the national emergency related to the COVID-19 pandemic as declared by President Trump on March 13, 2020. On March 27, 2020,…
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, COVID-19, Pandemics
Collins, Benjamin; Dortch, Cassandria – Congressional Research Service, 2022
Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA; P.L. 89-329, as amended) authorizes the primary sources of federal aid to support postsecondary education students. Title IV programs made over $118 billion in aid available to postsecondary students in FY2020 through Direct Loans and other forms of aid, including $27 billion in Pell Grants. The…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Higher Education, Federal Aid
Szymendera, Scott D. – Congressional Research Service, 2022
The Public Safety Officers' Benefits (PSOB) program provides cash benefits to federal, state, and local law enforcement officers; firefighters; employees of emergency management agencies; and members of emergency medical services agencies who are killed or permanently and totally disabled as the result of personal injuries sustained in the line of…
Descriptors: Police, Government Employees, Public Agencies, Emergency Programs
Hegji, Alexandra – Congressional Research Service, 2021
The Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA; P.L. 89-329, as amended) authorizes the operation of three federal student loan programs: (1) the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) program; (2) the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program; and (3) the Federal Perkins Loan program. While new loans are currently authorized to be made only…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment, Federal Aid, Federal Programs
Collins, Benjamin; Fountain, Joselynn H.; Dortch, Cassandria – Congressional Research Service, 2021
There have been numerous reports of institutions of higher education (IHEs) experiencing financial hardships as a result of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This report discusses and contextualizes issues related to IHEs' stability and fiscal health during the pandemic. To provide background on the types of issues IHEs are facing,…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Higher Education, Educational Finance
Crandall-Hollick, Margot L. – Congressional Research Service, 2021
The federal government provides financial assistance to individuals for higher education expenses in two major ways: tax benefits and traditional student aid (loans, grants, and work-study assistance). Since 1997, education tax benefits have become an increasingly important component of federal higher education policy. In 2021, 11 higher…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Tax Credits, Federal Aid, Incentives
Kuenzi, Jeffrey J. – Congressional Research Service, 2021
The Rural Education Achievement Program (REAP) is authorized by Part B of Title V of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA, P.L. 114-95) in 2015. Congress created this program to address the unique needs of rural schools that disadvantage them relative to non-rural schools. To…
Descriptors: Rural Education, Federal Programs, Academic Achievement, Educational Legislation
Billings, Kara Clifford – Congressional Research Service, 2021
The federal government has a long history of investing in programs for feeding children, starting with federal aid for school lunch programs in the 1930s. Today, federal child nutrition programs support food served to children in schools and a variety of other institutional settings. The child nutrition programs support meals and snacks served to…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Nutrition, Lunch Programs, Food
Dilger, Robert Jay; Lowry, Sean – Congressional Research Service, 2021
Several federal agencies, including the Small Business Administration (SBA), provide training and other assistance to veterans seeking civilian employment. In recent years, the unemployment rate among veterans as a whole has generally been similar to or lower than the unemployment rate for nonveterans 18 years and older. However, veterans who have…
Descriptors: Veterans, Public Agencies, Small Businesses, Business Administration
Hegji, Alexandra – Congressional Research Service, 2021
The William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) program makes several types of federal student loans available to individuals to assist them with financing postsecondary education expenses. It represents the single largest source of federal financial assistance to support students' postsecondary educational pursuits. The U.S. Department of…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Federal Legislation, Federal Aid, Postsecondary Education
Collins, Benjamin – Congressional Research Service, 2021
Veterans Readiness and Employment (VR&E) is an entitlement program that provides job training and related services "to enable veterans with service-connected disabilities to achieve maximum independence in daily living and, to the maximum extent feasible, to become employable and to obtain and maintain suitable employment." The…
Descriptors: Veterans, Disabilities, Independent Living, Daily Living Skills
Hegji, Alexandra – Congressional Research Service, 2021
Title IV of the Higher Education Act (HEA; P.L. 89-329), as amended, authorizes the primary programs that provide federal financial assistance (e.g., Pell Grants and Direct Loans) to students to assist them in obtaining a postsecondary education at eligible institutions of higher education (IHEs). IHEs seeking to participate in the Title IV…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Higher Education, Federal Programs
Scott, Andrew P.; Jones, Katie; Smole, David P.; Labonte, Marc; Aussenberg, Randy Alison; Lewis, Kevin M.; Billings, Kara Clifford; Lindsay, Bruce R.; Boyle, Conor F.; Lowry, Sean; Colello, Kirsten J.; Lynch, Karen E.; Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.; Marples, Donald J.; Davis, Patricia A.; McCarty, Maggie; Dilger, Robert Jay; Mitchell, Alison; Dortch, Cassandria; Myers, Elizabeth A.; Driessen, Grant A.; Perkins, David W.; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Perl, Libby; Fernandez, Bernadette; Peterman, David Randall; Forsberg, Vanessa C.; Rosso, Ryan J.; Fountain, Joselynn H.; Sherlock, Molly F.; Gravell, Jane G.; Skinner, Rebecca R.; Hahn, Jim; Stoltzfus, Emilie; Halchin, L. Elaine; Tang, Rachel Y.; Hegji, Alexandra; Topoleski, John J.; Isaacs, Katelin P.; Whittaker, Julie M. – Congressional Research Service, 2021
Since March 2020, a number of laws have been enacted to provide relief to people and businesses affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. These include the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA; P.L. 116-127) and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act; P.L. 116-136), both enacted in March 2020; the Consolidated…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Federal Legislation, Federal Aid, Pandemics
Heisler, Elayne J.; Hegji, Alexandra – Congressional Research Service, 2021
The Public Health Service Act (PHSA, 42 U.S.C. §§201 et. seq.) authorizes five student loan programs administered by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) through the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA): (1) Health Professions Student Loans; (2) Loans for Disadvantaged Students; (3) Primary Care Loans; (4) Nursing…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Low Income Students
Szymendera, Scott D. – Congressional Research Service, 2021
The Public Safety Officers' Benefits (PSOB) program provides cash benefits to federal, state, and local law enforcement officers; firefighters; employees of emergency management agencies; and members of emergency medical services agencies who are killed or permanently and totally disabled as the result of personal injuries sustained in the line of…
Descriptors: Police, Fire Protection, Professional Personnel, Emergency Medical Technicians
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