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Hegji, Alexandra – Congressional Research Service, 2021
The Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA; P.L. 89-329, as amended) authorizes the operation of three federal student loan programs: (1) the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) program; (2) the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program; and (3) the Federal Perkins Loan program. While new loans are currently authorized to be made only…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment, Federal Aid, Federal Programs
Collins, Benjamin; Fountain, Joselynn H.; Dortch, Cassandria – Congressional Research Service, 2021
There have been numerous reports of institutions of higher education (IHEs) experiencing financial hardships as a result of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This report discusses and contextualizes issues related to IHEs' stability and fiscal health during the pandemic. To provide background on the types of issues IHEs are facing,…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Higher Education, Educational Finance
Collins, Benjamin; Fountain, Joselynn H.; Ball, Milan N.; Dortch, Cassandria – Congressional Research Service, 2020
In December 2019, Congress enacted and the President signed the Fostering Undergraduate Talent by Unlocking Resources for Education Act (FUTURE Act; P.L. 116-91). The law The law amends the Higher Education Act (HEA) to permanently authorize mandatory funding for grant programs to support HBCUs and MSIs. Authorization for this funding had expired…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Higher Education, Educational Legislation, Undergraduate Students
Billings, Kara Clifford – Congressional Research Service, 2020
The federal government has a long history of investing in programs for feeding children, starting with federal aid for school lunch programs in the 1930s. Today, federal child nutrition programs support food served to children in schools and a variety of other institutional settings. The child nutrition programs support meals and snacks served to…
Descriptors: Breakfast Programs, Lunch Programs, Nutrition, Federal Programs
Dortch, Cassandria – Congressional Research Service, 2020
The federal government provides child development, elementary and secondary education, and educational assistance to Indian children, in a federal school system and in public school-systems that predominantly receive state and local funding. The Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) in the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) oversees the federally…
Descriptors: American Indian Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Public Education
Crandall-Hollick, Margot L. – Congressional Research Service, 2020
Since 1997, education tax benefits have become an increasingly important component of federal higher education policy. For the 2019 and 2020 tax years, 12 tax benefits are available for college students and their parents to help pay for higher education. In 2025, absent legislative action, this number will increase to 13: two provisions which are…
Descriptors: Taxes, Educational Policy, Higher Education, College Students
Skinner, Rebecca R.; Dortch, Cassandria; Fountain, Joselynn H.; Nyhof, Emma C. – Congressional Research Service, 2020
On March 13, 2020, President Trump declared the COVID-19 outbreak a national emergency, beginning March 1, 2020. On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act; P.L. 116-136) was signed into law. Included in the act was the Education Stabilization Fund (ESF), which was created "to prevent, prepare for,…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Federal Legislation, Educational Finance, Emergency Programs
Hegji, Alexandra – Congressional Research Service, 2020
The Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA; P.L. 89-329, as amended) authorizes the operation of three federal student loan programs: the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) program, the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program, and the Federal Perkins Loan program. While new loans are authorized to be made only through the Direct…
Descriptors: Debt (Financial), Student Loan Programs, COVID-19, Federal Aid
Lynch, Karen E. – Congressional Research Service, 2020
On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act was signed into law (P.L. 116-136). The CARES Act includes $3.5 billion in supplemental appropriations for the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG). This report provides an overview of the CCDBG provisions in the CARES Act. Among other things, these…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Child Care, Block Grants
Dortch, Cassandria; Bradley, David H.; Hegji, Alexandra – Congressional Research Service, 2020
In recent years, policymakers, industry stakeholders, and educational institutions have shown an interest in the federal government increasing financial support to individuals who pursue training and postsecondary education in non-degree instructional and work-based learning programs. This report provides an overview of existing federal programs…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Federal Aid, Student Loan Programs, Financial Support
Szymendera, Scott D. – Congressional Research Service, 2020
The Public Safety Officers' Benefits (PSOB) program provides cash benefits to federal, state, and local law enforcement officers; firefighters; employees of emergency management agencies; and members of emergency medical services agencies who are killed or permanently and totally disabled as the result of personal injuries sustained in the line of…
Descriptors: Police, Fire Protection, Professional Personnel, Emergency Medical Technicians
Szymendera, Scott D. – Congressional Research Service, 2020
The Public Safety Officers' Benefits (PSOB) program provides cash benefits to federal, state, and local law enforcement officers; firefighters; employees of emergency management agencies; and members of emergency medical services agencies who are killed or permanently and totally disabled as the result of personal injuries sustained in the line of…
Descriptors: Police, Professional Personnel, Fire Protection, Emergency Medical Technicians
Hegji, Alexandra; Collins, Benjamin – Congressional Research Service, 2020
The Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA; P.L. 89-329, as amended) authorizes programs and activities to provide support to individuals who are pursuing a postsecondary education and to institutions of higher education (IHEs). During the 116th Congress, the House Committee on Education and Labor marked up and ordered to be reported the College…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Higher Education, Educational Finance
Skinner, Rebecca R.; Riddle, Wayne – Congressional Research Service, 2020
The primary source of federal aid to elementary and secondary education is the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)--particularly its Title I-A program, which authorizes federal aid for the education of disadvantaged students. The ESEA was initially enacted in 1965 (P.L. 89- 10) "to strengthen and improve educational quality and…
Descriptors: Poverty, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education
Crandall-Hollick, Margot L. – Congressional Research Service, 2020
The federal government provides financial assistance to individuals for higher education expenses in two major ways: tax benefits and traditional student aid (loans, grants, and work-study assistance). Since 1997, education tax benefits have become an increasingly important component of federal higher education policy. In 2019 and 2020, 12 tax…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Taxes, Federal Aid, Student Financial Aid
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