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Friend, Michelle – Computer Science Education, 2015
Experience is necessary but not sufficient to cause girls to envision a future career in computing. This study investigated the experiences and attitudes of girls who had taken three years of mandatory computer science classes in an all-girls setting in middle school, measured at the end of eighth grade. The one third of participants who were open…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Females, Computer Science Education, Student Attitudes
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Meerbaum-Salant, Orni; Armoni, Michal; Ben-Ari, Mordechai – Computer Science Education, 2013
Scratch is a visual programming environment that is widely used by young people. We investigated if Scratch can be used to teach concepts of computer science (CS). We developed learning materials for middle-school students that were designed according to the constructionist philosophy of Scratch and evaluated them in a few schools during two…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Middle School Students, Programming Languages, Taxonomy
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Cheong, Yuk Fai; Pajares, Frank; Oberman, Paul S. – Computer Science Education, 2004
The primary objective of this study was to determine the degree to which academic motivation predicted the executive help-seeking, instrumental help-seeking, perceived benefits of help-seeking, and avoidance of help-seeking of high school students enrolled in computer science (n = 314). Task goals were positively associated with instrumental…
Descriptors: African American Students, Self Efficacy, Computer Science, Asian American Students