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Campe, Shannon; Denner, Jill; Green, Emily; Torres, David – Computer Science Education, 2020
Background and Context: Pair programming is used in classrooms to promote learning and engage a more diverse group of students in computing fields, but little is known about what it looks like in middle school. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine how programming pairs were interacting and about what. Method: Video, audio, and screen…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Programming, Computer Science Education, Middle School Students
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Lui, Debora; Kafai, Yasmin; Litts, Breanne; Walker, Justice; Widman, Sari – Computer Science Education, 2020
Background and Context: Physical computing involves complex negotiations of multiple, on and off-screen tasks, which calls for research on how to best structure collaborative work to ensure equitable learning. Objective: We focus on how pairs self-organized their multi-domain tasks in physical computing, and how their social interactions supported…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, High School Students, Computer Science Education, Programming
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Lyon, Louise Ann; Green, Emily – Computer Science Education, 2020
Background and Context: Non-traditional training grounds such as coding boot camps that attract a higher proportion of women are important sites for understanding how to broaden participation in computing. Objective: This work aims to help us better understand the women choosing boot camps and their pathways through these camps and into the…
Descriptors: Coding, Females, Nontraditional Education, Computer Science Education
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Borge, Marcela; Toprani, Dhvani; Yan, Shulong; Xia, Yu – Computer Science Education, 2020
Background and Context: in this paper, we argue that integrating Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) into K-12 computing education can present learners with opportunities to develop human-centered design skills as well as higher-order thinking skills. Objective: to address the issues related to the development of HCI forms of expertise, we introduce…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Design, Skill Development, Thinking Skills
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Çiftci, Serdar; Bildiren, Ahmet – Computer Science Education, 2020
Background and Context: There are studies which indicate that computer programming supports high-level abilities for everyone such as creative thinking, questioning, problem solving and critical thinking which are considered within the scope of 21st-century abilities. Objective: The current experimental study was carried out to put forth the…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Coding, Cognitive Ability, Problem Solving
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Al-Sakkaf, Abdullah; Omar, Mazni; Ahmad, Mazida – Computer Science Education, 2019
Background and Context: In spite of the decades spent developing software visualization (SV), doubts still remain regarding their effectiveness. Furthermore, student engagement plays an important role in improving SV effectiveness as it is correlated with many positive academic outcomes. It has been shown that the existing SV has failed to engage…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Computer Software, Outcomes of Education, Computer Interfaces
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Grover, Shuchi; Jackiw, Nicholas; Lundh, Patrik – Computer Science Education, 2019
Background and Context: Learners struggle with conceptual understanding of introductory programming concepts such as variables, expressions, and loops. Objective: We examine whether and how designed activities for conceptual exploration support preliminary engagement with and learning of foundational and often hard-to-grasp programming concepts…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Concept Formation, Learning Activities, Grade 6
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Sentance, Sue; Waite, Jane; Kallia, Maria – Computer Science Education, 2019
Background and Context: Vygotsky's sociocultural theory emphasises the importance of language, mediation, and the transfer of skills and knowledge from the social into the cognitive plane. This perspective has influenced the development of PRIMM (Predict, Run, Investigate, Modify, Make), a structured approach to teaching programming. Objective:…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Teaching Methods, Comparative Analysis, Programming
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Quille, Keith; Bergin, Susan – Computer Science Education, 2019
Background and Context: Computer Science attrition rates (in the western world) are very concerning, with a large number of students failing to progress each year. It is well acknowledged that a significant factor of this attrition, is the students' difficulty to master the introductory programming module, often referred to as CS1. Objective: The…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Introductory Courses, Programming, Student Attrition
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Xie, Benjamin; Loksa, Dastyni; Nelson, Greg L.; Davidson, Matthew J.; Dong, Dongsheng; Kwik, Harrison; Tan, Alex Hui; Hwa, Leanne; Li, Min; Ko, Andrew J. – Computer Science Education, 2019
Background and Context: Current introductory instruction fails to identify, structure, and sequence the many skills involved in programming. Objective: We proposed a theory which identifies four distinct skills that novices learn incrementally. These skills are tracing, writing syntax, comprehending templates (reusable abstractions of programming…
Descriptors: Programming, Skill Development, Computer Science Education, Instructional Design
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Xu, Zhen; Ritzhaupt, Albert D.; Tian, Fengchun; Umapathy, Karthikeyan – Computer Science Education, 2019
Background and Context: The use of block-based programming environments is purported to be a good way to gently introduce novice computer programmers to computer programming. A small, but growing body of research examines the differences between block-based and text-based programming environments. Objective: Thus, the purpose of this study was to…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Novices, Computer Science Education, Programming
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McCord, Rachel; Jeldes, Isaac – Computer Science Education, 2019
Background and Context: Flipped classrooms are becoming more widely adopted across engineering higher education contexts. In degree programs where enrollment is increasing and undergraduate curricula are packed with content, pedagogies that allow more time for actively participate in classroom activities are being highly sought after to aid in…
Descriptors: Computer Software, Computer Science Education, Blended Learning, Intervention
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Kong, Siu-Cheung; Wang, Yi-Qing – Computer Science Education, 2019
Background and Context: Positive youth programming development (PYPD) was conceptualized to measure various positive qualities of students in programming education. Objective: This study aimed to develop a valid PYPD instrument in the pilot before exploring students' positive qualities in two follow-up studies. Method: A multi-study design was…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Programming, College Students, Test Validity
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Kreth, Quintin; Spirou, Mary Eve; Budenstein, Sarabeth; Melkers, Julia – Computer Science Education, 2019
Background & Context: As graduate programs in computing expand to online environments, existing research is limited in its ability to inform both practical and theoretical understandings of the factors influencing student success. Objective: We explore student perceptions of their learning environment at the understudied intersection of online…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Self Efficacy, Graduate Students, Electronic Learning
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Fletcher, Edward C., Jr.; Warren, Nathalie Q.; Hernandez-Gantes, Victor M. – Computer Science Education, 2019
Background and Context: Career academies emphasize learning in specific occupational contexts to enhance the relevance of student experiences. The premise is that the authenticity of occupational contexts provides for opportunities to make learning more meaningful for students. Objective: The purpose of this case study was to examine the school…
Descriptors: Career Academies, Inclusion, Equal Education, School Safety
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