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Michele Martini; Susan L. Robertson – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2024
In 2014, the OECD-PISA's Governing Board approved the addition of a set of global competence measures to its Programme of Student Assessment. In our paper, we explore whether and how there are discursive shifts between the two framing papers (2016/2018) and what the outcomes are for policy-shaping. To this end, we employ Network Text Analysis to…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Rachel Silver – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2024
This article demonstrates how discursive constructions of pregnant schoolgirls produce social and material consequences for girls in Southern Africa. Critical feminist scholars have argued that diverse actors frame girls across the global South as either monolithic, sexualised victims and sites for intervention or as hyper-agents, uniquely capable…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Pregnant Students, Mothers, Secondary School Students
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Rachel Bowden; Innocente Uwineza; Jean-Claude Dushimimana; Alphonse Uworwabayeho – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2024
This paper shows how one mathematics teacher, in a government secondary school in rural Rwanda, re-contextualises learner centred education (LCE) and English medium instruction (EMI) policies in classroom practice. Data are drawn from an ethnographic, critical case study and include lesson transcripts and teacher and student perspectives. The…
Descriptors: Student Centered Learning, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Language of Instruction
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Maria Manuela Mendes; Olga Magano; Susana Mourão; Sara Pinheiro – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2024
Increasing numbers of Cigano people in Portuguese schools show that this is the most educated generation to date. However, according to recent data only 2.6% are enrolled in secondary education. Using an intersectional approach examining gender, ethnicity, and family socioeconomic status to explore the youngsters' academic trajectories, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Ethnic Groups, Migrants, Secondary School Students
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Laela Adamson – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2024
With dramatic global expansion of secondary schooling there has been significant research interest in how education is related to future aspirations, with important calls to acknowledge connections within processes of aspiring to young people's social, economic and cultural circumstances. This paper presents findings from thematic analysis of…
Descriptors: Sense of Community, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society)
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Breton, Theodore R. – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
International tests demonstrate that students' mathematics and reading skills vary widely across countries. I investigate whether a country's cultural characteristics are the fundamental cause of these differences, while family and school characteristics are the proximate causes. I find that while either cultural characteristics or family and…
Descriptors: Cultural Influences, Skill Development, Mathematics Skills, Reading Skills
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Williams, Daniel Grant – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
This paper introduces and uses Lakatos' idea of research programmes to summarise and critically evaluate academic discourse towards knowledge capital theory. The analysis uses rational reconstruction to formulate the components of the hardcore and protective belt of knowledge capital theory. By critically surveying the literature, it challenges…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment
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Doyle, Ann Margaret – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
This article examines French and English average performances and educational inequality in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) between 2000 and 2018. It asks why English average scores in 2018 are much higher than those of France when they were fairly similar in previous PISA assessments. It questions why the impact of…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Cross Cultural Studies, Achievement Gap, Foreign Countries
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Santos, Íris; Centeno, Vera G. – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
The Programme of International Student Assessment (PISA) has instigated domestic policy debate aimed at improving education systems' quality and efficiency. Its high performers are often described as knowledge-based legitimation tools that have become reference societies. This article analyses if and the extent to which PISA affects the choice of…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Xu, Kate M.; Cunha-Harvey, Anna Rita; King, Ronnel B.; de Koning, Bjorn B.; Paas, Fred; Baars, Martine; Zhang, Jingjing; de Groot, Renate – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
Research on grit indicates that perseverance positively predicts academic achievement. Yet, the mechanisms through which perseverance might lead to academic success remain less explored, particularly in cross-cultural research. The current study investigated such mechanisms by examining possible mediating effects of students' use of self-regulated…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Prediction, Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
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Štastný, Vít – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
Previous research on the implications of early-tracking education systems has not specifically focused on how studying in academic and non-academic tracks shapes the features and characteristics of shadow education (private tutoring) that students are involved in. The study compares the scale and features of private tutoring and the underlying…
Descriptors: Track System (Education), Foreign Countries, Tutoring, Academic Education
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Engel, Laura C.; Gibson, Heidi – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2022
This paper focuses on the production of cosmopolitan capital among students participating in the DC Public Schools Study Abroad Programme, an initiative that has been lauded as shifting the narrative of equitable access to global learning. We draw on a framework of Bourdieusian ideas about cultural capital, as well as community cultural wealth…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Cultural Capital, Study Abroad, Public Schools
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Hu, Zi – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2022
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) has garnered increasing attention since its inception in 2000. Correspondingly, there has been heightened interest in 'PISA poster countries' like Singapore and Shanghai-China. Yet to date, little is known about the processes and dynamics of the construction of PISA discourses within these…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Schmitsek, Szilvia – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2022
Early School Leaving (ESL) as an important societal issue has been a matter of debate in policy making for 30 years. But the differences in students' experiences have often been neglected, leading to a one-size fits all policy and pedagogical approach. This paper explores educational experiences of dropouts in England, Denmark and Hungary, and…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Policy, Student Attitudes
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Dominguez-Gil, C.; Segovia-Gonzalez, M. M.; Contreras, I. – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2022
In the evaluation of any political strategy, it is essential to carry out the collection and analysis of the available data. The presentation of a complex phenomenon by means of synthetic measures can improve both the political actors' understanding of the situation and the design of new measures. In this paper, we deal with the problem of the…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Evaluation Methods, Educational Indicators, Foreign Countries
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