ERIC Number: EJ1189151
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Low Test Scores in Latin America: Poor Schools, Poor Families or Something Else?
Breton, Theodore R.; Canavire-Bacarreza, Gustavo
Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, v48 n5 p733-748 2018
Latin American students consistently score low on international tests of cognitive skills. In the PISA 2012 results, students in seven Latin American countries had an average score of 395 in mathematics, or about 100 points lower than the average score of 497 in four Scandinavian countries. We estimate the effect of socioeconomic characteristics on student scores in Latin America and Scandinavia and find that 50 points of the difference are explained by Latin American parents' lower average educational and socioeconomic characteristics, 25 points are explained by Latin America's weak cultural orientation toward reading books and the remaining 25 points are explained by the lower effectiveness of Latin American educational systems in teaching cognitive skills.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Low Achievement, Scores, Educational Quality, Socioeconomic Status, Parent Background, Cultural Influences, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students, Books, Comparative Education, Reading Habits, Access to Computers, Cultural Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Argentina; Brazil; Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; Peru; Uruguay; Denmark; Finland; Norway; Sweden
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment