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Breton, Theodore R.; Canavire-Bacarreza, Gustavo – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2018
Latin American students consistently score low on international tests of cognitive skills. In the PISA 2012 results, students in seven Latin American countries had an average score of 395 in mathematics, or about 100 points lower than the average score of 497 in four Scandinavian countries. We estimate the effect of socioeconomic characteristics…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Low Achievement, Scores, Educational Quality