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Michele Martini; Susan L. Robertson – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2024
In 2014, the OECD-PISA's Governing Board approved the addition of a set of global competence measures to its Programme of Student Assessment. In our paper, we explore whether and how there are discursive shifts between the two framing papers (2016/2018) and what the outcomes are for policy-shaping. To this end, we employ Network Text Analysis to…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Breton, Theodore R. – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
International tests demonstrate that students' mathematics and reading skills vary widely across countries. I investigate whether a country's cultural characteristics are the fundamental cause of these differences, while family and school characteristics are the proximate causes. I find that while either cultural characteristics or family and…
Descriptors: Cultural Influences, Skill Development, Mathematics Skills, Reading Skills
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Williams, Daniel Grant – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
This paper introduces and uses Lakatos' idea of research programmes to summarise and critically evaluate academic discourse towards knowledge capital theory. The analysis uses rational reconstruction to formulate the components of the hardcore and protective belt of knowledge capital theory. By critically surveying the literature, it challenges…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment
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Doyle, Ann Margaret – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
This article examines French and English average performances and educational inequality in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) between 2000 and 2018. It asks why English average scores in 2018 are much higher than those of France when they were fairly similar in previous PISA assessments. It questions why the impact of…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Cross Cultural Studies, Achievement Gap, Foreign Countries
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Santos, Íris; Centeno, Vera G. – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
The Programme of International Student Assessment (PISA) has instigated domestic policy debate aimed at improving education systems' quality and efficiency. Its high performers are often described as knowledge-based legitimation tools that have become reference societies. This article analyses if and the extent to which PISA affects the choice of…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Xu, Kate M.; Cunha-Harvey, Anna Rita; King, Ronnel B.; de Koning, Bjorn B.; Paas, Fred; Baars, Martine; Zhang, Jingjing; de Groot, Renate – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
Research on grit indicates that perseverance positively predicts academic achievement. Yet, the mechanisms through which perseverance might lead to academic success remain less explored, particularly in cross-cultural research. The current study investigated such mechanisms by examining possible mediating effects of students' use of self-regulated…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Prediction, Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
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Štastný, Vít – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
Previous research on the implications of early-tracking education systems has not specifically focused on how studying in academic and non-academic tracks shapes the features and characteristics of shadow education (private tutoring) that students are involved in. The study compares the scale and features of private tutoring and the underlying…
Descriptors: Track System (Education), Foreign Countries, Tutoring, Academic Education
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Yoo, Hawon; Jang, Jaehong – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2023
Although much research has emphasised the effect of professional learning communities (PLCs) on teachers' collaboration, feedback provision, job satisfaction, and self-efficacy, few studies have focused on South Korea's unique context of government-led top-down policies to encourage PLCs. Using large-scale data representing all regions and sectors…
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Faculty Development, Teacher Collaboration, Feedback (Response)
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Hu, Zi – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2022
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) has garnered increasing attention since its inception in 2000. Correspondingly, there has been heightened interest in 'PISA poster countries' like Singapore and Shanghai-China. Yet to date, little is known about the processes and dynamics of the construction of PISA discourses within these…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Dominguez-Gil, C.; Segovia-Gonzalez, M. M.; Contreras, I. – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2022
In the evaluation of any political strategy, it is essential to carry out the collection and analysis of the available data. The presentation of a complex phenomenon by means of synthetic measures can improve both the political actors' understanding of the situation and the design of new measures. In this paper, we deal with the problem of the…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Evaluation Methods, Educational Indicators, Foreign Countries
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Auld, Euan; Xiaomin, Li; Morris, Paul – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2022
In 2018 the OECD published the findings of its PISA for Development (PISA-D) pilot project which was undertaken to make the regular PISA framework more accessible and relevant to low- and middle-income nations. This would encourage such nations to join PISA as part of the OECD's Learning Framework 2030 and provide them with 'contextualised' policy…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Achievement Tests
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Baek, Chanwoong – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2021
This study investigates the timing for a global education reform to be adopted locally. Drawing on the Multiple Streams Approach while expanding it with a transnational dimension, the Free-Semester Program in Korea is used to examine the convergence of the streams of problem, policy, and politics. An analysis of policy documents, media accounts,…
Descriptors: Program Descriptions, Educational Policy, Policy Analysis, Well Being
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Gromada, Anna; Rees, Gwyther; Chzhen, Yekaterina – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2021
This paper assesses two approaches to the measurement of educational inequality in international comparisons between countries and over time. We analyse reading literacy performance of 15-year-old students using data from PISA 2009 and 2015 for 37 EU and OECD countries. We show that inequality of outcome and inequality of opportunity do not…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Secondary School Students, Reading Achievement, Comparative Education
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Rappleye, Jeremy; Komatsu, Hikaru – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2021
Extending recent analyses using PISA data, the current study utilises the OECD's Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) to test the central claims of knowledge capital theory. PIAAC has a distinct advantage over PISA in that it more directly tests levels of purported 'knowledge capital' across an entire national workforce, rather than offering…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Bakadorova, Olga; Hoferichter, Frances; Raufelder, Diana – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2020
Researchers, school personnel and parents are concerned with students' academic motivation. However, research on the topic yields ambiguous results. While adolescents in Western societies report a decline in achievement drive over the school years, adolescents in some Eastern societies may avoid this negative trend. In addition to personal…
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Adolescents, Teacher Student Relationship, Peer Relationship
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