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Aydarova, Elena – Comparative Education, 2021
International organisations facilitated the spread of competency-based reforms around the world. Accepting at face value correlations between students' performance on international assessments, such as PISA, and nations' economic development, reformers in different countries began to adopt competency-based standards to improve the quality of…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Competency Based Education, Correlation, Economic Development
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Anderson-Levitt, Kathryn – Comparative Education, 2021
This article examines the history of US movements for competencies, often called 'twenty-first century skills', in international context. Ironically, US actors were a source of early ideas about competencies but 'late' adopters of a competency-added reform--a partial and silent policy incorporated within the Common Core State Standards of 2010.…
Descriptors: 21st Century Skills, Educational Change, Competence, Common Core State Standards
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Bordoli, Eloísa – Comparative Education, 2021
State Basic Education in Uruguay has always been characterised by universal, homogeneous curricular designs, articulated according to subject matter and academic content. Currently, following international trends, a curricular design based on competencies has been encouraged. This article aims to analyse the main features of the new curricular…
Descriptors: Curriculum Design, Competence, Elementary School Curriculum, Foreign Countries
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Gardinier, Meg P. – Comparative Education, 2021
This paper examines competency-based educational policy-making in a global context. Specifically, it explores how the thinking around competency, spearheaded by international organisations and experts, has led to the development and deployment of a particular notion of global competency. Drawing on critical policy research, I examine three…
Descriptors: Competency Based Education, Educational Policy, Global Approach, International Cooperation
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Tahirsylaj, Armend – Comparative Education, 2021
Kosovo introduced two major curriculum reforms over the past 20 years -- in 2001 and 2011 -- each aiming to bring education closer to international trends. Simultaneously, Kosovo underwent major political, social, and cultural changes after the war in 1999, and the declaration of independence in 2008. This article relies on document analysis and…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Social Change, Citizen Participation, Educational Change
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Clément, Pierre – Comparative Education, 2021
In France, the notion of competence began to be discussed in the early 1990s and was finally enforced in the Education Act of 23 April 2005. Since its emergence, this notion has been strongly opposed by a certain number of teachers, unions and researchers. To understand how competence-based education finally prevailed, I take into account the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Legislation, Competency Based Education, Educational Change
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Deng, Li; Zhengmei, Peng – Comparative Education, 2021
China and the US have responded to the challenges of a knowledge-based society, technological advancement, and global competition by implementing educational reforms to impart skills or competencies required of 21st century students. This study compares the rationales, content, and curricula design of both countries' key competencies frameworks…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Cultural Influences, Confucianism, Foreign Countries
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Nordin, Andreas; Sundberg, Daniel – Comparative Education, 2021
Competence-based approaches (CBAs) in education have become an internationally important educational policy concept in recent decades. However, a substantial body of research has suggested that in order to understand and explain the evolution of CBAs, there is a need to analyse curriculum-making as a complex and multi-layered practice. To…
Descriptors: Competency Based Education, National Curriculum, Curriculum Development, Foreign Countries
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Hayashi, Akiko – Comparative Education, 2021
This personal, tentative, self-reflective essay explores some Japanese ways of conducting comparative educational research. In this essay, I not only describe a Japanese style of conducting comparative education research but also do so in a Japanese way. The four key elements I discuss are: daijini (taking care), soboku (simplicity), nagaime (long…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research Methodology, Comparative Education, Educational Research
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Shirazi, Roozbeh; Jaffe-Walter, Reva – Comparative Education, 2021
In this article, we explore how locally situated educational practices and policies aimed at inclusion and integration may contribute to racialised exclusion for students. Our analysis brings together two ethnographic studies of how minoritised Muslim youth navigate secondary schooling in Denmark and the US. Our cases illustrate how assumptions…
Descriptors: Islam, Fear, Muslims, Minority Group Students
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Lo, Tin Yau Joe; Pan, Suyan – Comparative Education, 2021
Recent research has focused either on the internationalisation of China's higher education (HE) as soft power, or on soft power with 'Chinese characteristics'. There is a paucity of research combining these two foci. This paper fills this gap by: (i) unravelling the meanings and features of the 'Chinese characteristics' embodied in the policies of…
Descriptors: International Education, Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Educational Policy
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Adamson, Laela – Comparative Education, 2021
This paper focuses on the issue of language of instruction, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, and considers the persistent preference for monolingual learning environments in multilingual societies. The perception that the use of African languages in education interferes with the acquisition of a global language is shown to be incongruous with…
Descriptors: Language of Instruction, African Languages, Multilingualism, Second Language Learning
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Won, Chealin; Huntington, Anne – Comparative Education, 2021
This study explores what it means to be Korean as seen in North and South Korean elementary school textbooks. Mass schooling transforms students into national citizens belonging to specific nation-states, an exercise particularly important for both the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea. To gain insight into how these…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Nationalism, Elementary Education, Textbooks
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Kim, Sung won; Kim, Lois Y. – Comparative Education, 2021
Despite the widespread education reform discourses attempting to alleviate high-stakes examination pressure and narrowly test-driven education systems in East Asia, none have been as systematic and drastic as the Free Year Program (FYP) recently implemented in South Korea. The FYP provides middle school students with a year-long reprieve from…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Psychological Patterns, High Stakes Tests, Program Descriptions
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Bremner, Nicholas – Comparative Education, 2021
What does 'student-centred' or 'learner-centred' education (SCE/LCE) mean? This study answers that question through a meta-analysis of 326 journal articles. An initial 10-aspect framework emerged from an inductive analysis of 10 key texts. This framework was subsequently condensed into 6 aspects: 'Active participation', 'Adapting to needs',…
Descriptors: Student Centered Learning, Teaching Methods, Personal Autonomy, Meta Analysis
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