ERIC Number: EJ1227879
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Does the Community College Pathway Influence the Selectivity of Students' Destination 4-Year Institution?
Ortagus, Justin C.; Hu, Xiaodan
Community College Review, v47 n4 p434-461 Oct 2019
Objectives: In this study, we explore the influence of enrolling initially at a community college before transferring to a 4-year institution on the selectivity of the destination 4-year institution. Method: We leverage nationally representative data and a propensity score matching approach to compare the institutional selectivity between students who begin at a community college before transferring to a 4-year institution and those who begin at a 4-year college or university. To estimate the relationship between the community college pathway and institutional selectivity, we employ an ordinal logistic regression model. Results: We find that transferring from a community college to a 4-year institution had a positive influence on the selectivity of students' destination 4-year institution. More specifically, students who enroll initially at a community college before transferring to a 4-year institution have a greater probability of attending a very selective 4-year institution and moderately selective 4-year institution when compared with native 4-year students. Students who transferred from a community college have a lower probability of attending minimally selective 4-year institutions and open-admission 4-year institutions when compared with otherwise-similar students who began at a 4-year institution. Contributions: By showing a positive relationship between the vertical transfer and the level of selectivity of students' destination 4-year institution, this study highlights a potential benefit of beginning at a community college before transferring to a 4-year institution.
Descriptors: Community Colleges, College Transfer Students, Two Year College Students, Selective Admission, Enrollment Influences, Undergraduate Students, Academic Aspiration, Bachelors Degrees, Postsecondary Education, Longitudinal Studies
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Two Year Colleges
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study