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Jacobson, Peggy F.; Cairns, Helen Smith – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2010
Conflicting reports of language ability in Williams syndrome (WS) are confusing and may hinder accurate clinical decisions with respect to therapeutic services and educational placements for children with WS.This longitudinal case study examined the acquisition of regular and irregular past tense verbs in a child with WS. The development of…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Case Studies, Genetic Disorders, Mental Retardation
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Wankoff, Lorain Szabo; Cairns, Helen Smith – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2009
This study was designed to determine the contributions of metalinguistic skill and psycholinguistic processing ability to children's ability to detect the ambiguity of sentences and the relationship among all three factors to early reading ability. A total of 20 first graders and 20 second graders were given tasks testing the following abilities:…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Sentences, Reading Readiness
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Cairns, Helen Smith; Schlisselberg, Gloria; Waltzman, Dava; McDaniel, Dana – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2006
Seventy-seven 4-, 5-, and 6-year-old children were presented with well-formed and ill-formed versions of 10 different sentence types. They were asked to judge the grammaticality of the sentences and correct the ill-formed ones. The sentences were presented in an interview format, developed by McDaniel and Cairns (1990, 1996). Both grammaticality…
Descriptors: Sentences, Grammar, Metalinguistics, Young Children
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Cairns, Helen Smith; Waltzman, Dava; Schlisselberg, Gloria – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2004
The authors of this article report on a preliminary study of 18, 4- and 5-year-old children, followed by a longitudinal study of 44 children, who were tested in the first, second, and third grades. The children's ability to detect the ambiguity of lexically ambiguous sentences (e. g., "The children saw the bat lying by the fence") and…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Grade 2, Early Reading, Reading Difficulties