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Showing 1 to 15 of 137 results Save | Export
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Erickson, William Blake; Wright, Arianna; Naveh-Benjamin, Moshe – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Much research has found that implicit associations between Black male faces and aggression affect dispositional judgments and decision-making, but there have been few investigations into downstream effects on explicit episodic memory. The current experiment tested whether such implicit associations interact with explicit recognition memory using…
Descriptors: Memory, Recognition (Psychology), Blacks, Whites
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Pazhoohi, Farid; Kingstone, Alan – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Facial attractiveness in humans signals an individual's genetic condition, underlying physiology and health status, serving as a cue to one's mate value. The practice of wearing face masks for prevention of transmission of airborne infections may disrupt one's ability to evaluate facial attractiveness, and with it, cues to an individual's health…
Descriptors: Human Body, Perception, Interpersonal Attraction, Age
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Wolfe, Jeremy M. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Using an online, medical image labeling app, 803 individuals rated images of skin lesions as either "melanoma" (skin cancer) or "nevus" (a skin mole). Each block consisted of 80 images. Blocks could have high (50%) or low (20%) target prevalence and could provide full, accurate feedback or no feedback. As in prior work, with…
Descriptors: Disease Incidence, Feedback (Response), Decision Making, Visual Aids
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Moon, Austin; Zhao, Jiaying; Peters, Megan A. K.; Wu, Rachel – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Two aspects of real-world visual search are typically studied in parallel: category knowledge (e.g., searching for food) and visual patterns (e.g., predicting an upcoming street sign from prior street signs). Previous visual search studies have shown that prior category knowledge hinders search when targets and distractors are from the same…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Visual Perception, Efficiency, Food
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Jabbari, Yasaman; Kenney, Darren M.; von Mohrenschildt, Martin; Shedden, Judith M. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
We used a driving simulator to investigate landmark-based route navigation in young adults. Previous research has examined how proximal and distal landmarks influence route navigation, however, these effects have not been extensively tested in ecologically-relevant settings. We used a virtual town in which participants learned various routes while…
Descriptors: Navigation, Young Adults, Simulation, Proximity
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Seifert, Colleen M.; Harrington, Michael; Michal, Audrey L.; Shah, Priti – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
When reasoning about science studies, people often make causal theory errors by inferring or accepting a causal claim based on correlational evidence. While humans naturally think in terms of causal relationships, reasoning about science findings requires understanding how evidence supports--or fails to support--a causal claim. This study…
Descriptors: College Students, Comprehension, Attribution Theory, Logical Thinking
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Lee, Emily; Cormier, Kayla; Sharma, Anu – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Aim: To investigate mask use and the difficulties it may pose during communication in healthcare settings. Methods: A survey utilizing a series of Likert scales was administered. Mask use challenges between clinicians and their patients were examined in the domains of communication, listening effort, cognition, and rehabilitation. Results: Across…
Descriptors: Health Services, Disease Control, Communication Problems, Safety Equipment
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Foot-Seymour, Vanessa; Wiseheart, Melody – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Spaced learning--the spacing effect--is a cognitive phenomenon whereby memory for to-be-learned material is better when a fixed amount of study time is spread across multiple learning sessions instead of crammed into a more condensed time period. The spacing effect has been shown to be effective across a wide range of ages and learning materials,…
Descriptors: Credibility, Web Sites, Evaluation, Elementary School Students
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Hies, Oliver; Lewis, Michael B. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
The sanitary-mask effect (Miyazaki and Kawahara in Jpn Psychol Res 58(3):261-272, 2016) is the finding that medical face masks prompt an image of disease and thus result in lower ratings of facial attractiveness of the wearer. However, during the COVID-19 pandemic, medical masks have been found to increase attractiveness (Patel et al. in Plast…
Descriptors: Hygiene, Disease Control, Aesthetics, Human Body
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Lubczyk, Till; Lukács, Gáspár; Ansorge, Ulrich – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
The response time concealed information test (RT-CIT) can reveal that a person recognizes a relevant item (probe) among other, irrelevant items, based on slower responding to the probe compared to the irrelevant items. Thereby, if this person is concealing knowledge about the relevance of this item (e.g., recognizing it as a murder weapon), this…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Recognition (Psychology), Accuracy, Deception
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Crawford, Jennifer L.; Eisenstein, Sarah A.; Peelle, Jonathan E.; Braver, Todd S. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Stable individual differences in cognitive motivation (i.e., the tendency to engage in and enjoy effortful cognitive activities) have been documented with self-report measures, yet convergent support for a trait-level construct is still lacking. In the present study, we used an innovative decision-making paradigm (COG-ED) to quantify the costs of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Decision Making, Individual Differences, Short Term Memory
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Poon, Brenda T.; Jenstad, Lorienne M. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Face masks have become common protective measures in community and workplace environments to help reduce the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Face masks can make it difficult to hear and understand speech, particularly for people with hearing loss. An aim of our cross-sectional survey was to…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Health Behavior, Disease Control
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Rocha, Kelsey; Lussier, Catherine M.; Atit, Kinnari – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Spatial skills are critical for student success in K-12 STEM education. Teachers' spatial skills and feelings about completing spatial tasks influence students' spatial and STEM learning at both the primary and secondary levels. However, whether spatial skills and spatial anxiety differ or not between these two teacher levels is unknown.…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Spatial Ability, Elementary Secondary Education, Anxiety
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Kunar, Melina A. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
People miss a high proportion of targets that only appear rarely. This low prevalence (LP) effect has implications for applied search tasks such as the clinical reading of mammograms. Computer aided detection (CAD) has been used to help radiologists search mammograms by highlighting areas likely to contain a cancer. Previous research has found a…
Descriptors: Incidence, Screening Tests, Cancer, Radiology
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Rann, Jonathan C.; Almor, Amit – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
We report results from a driving simulator paradigm we developed to test the fine temporal effects of verbal tasks on simultaneous tracking performance. A total of 74 undergraduate students participated in two experiments in which they controlled a cursor using the steering wheel to track a moving target and where the dependent measure was overall…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Undergraduate Students, Computer Simulation, Motor Vehicles
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