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Warren, James E. – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
In this study, eight English professors thought aloud as they read four lyric poems and composed a short text proposing a hypothetical talk about them for a professional conference. The study used a crossed design in which participants read a poem in each of the following conditions: familiar to them and close to their professional writing,…
Descriptors: Expertise, Poetry, English Instruction, Conferences (Gatherings)
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Rogat, Toni Kempler; Linnenbrink-Garcia, Lisa – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
This study extends prior research on both individual self-regulation and socially shared regulation during group learning to examine the range and quality of the cognitive and behavioral social regulatory sub-processes employed by six small collaborative groups of upper-elementary students (n = 24). Qualitative analyses were conducted based on…
Descriptors: Social Control, Cooperation, Group Dynamics, Elementary School Students
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Johnson, Amy M.; Azevedo, Roger; D'Mello, Sidney K. – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
This study examined the temporal and dynamic nature of students' self-regulatory processes while learning about the circulatory system with hypermedia. A total of 74 undergraduate students were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: independent learning or externally assisted learning. Participants in the independent learning condition used a…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Undergraduate Students, Intervals, Independent Study
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Palmer, Alexis; Baroody, Arthur J. – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
A mother tracked her preschooler's number word development daily from 18 to 49 months of age. Naturalistic observations were supplemented with observations during structured (Kumon) training and microgenetic testing. The boy's everyday use of "two" did not become highly reliable and selective for 10 months (at 28 months), emerged later than that…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Numbers, Number Concepts, Concept Mapping
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Philip, Thomas M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
This article makes a unique contribution to the literature on teachers' racialized sensemaking by proposing a framework of "ideology in pieces" that synthesizes Hall's (1982, 1996) theory of ideology and diSessa's (1993) theory of conceptual change. Hall's theory of ideology enables an examination of teachers' sensemaking as situated within a…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Race, Ideology, Racial Factors
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Nolen, Susan Bobbitt; Horn, Ilana S.; Ward, Christopher J.; Childers, Sarah A. – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
We present a longitudinal study of novice teachers' appropriation, negotiation, and recontextualization of assessment tools and practices. During the four years of the study, we observed and interviewed beginning mathematics and social studies teachers, along with their colleagues, mentors, and supervisors, from their time in a graduate secondary…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education, Learning
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Stieff, Mike; Hegarty, Mary; Deslongchamps, Ghislain – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
Increasingly, multi-representational educational technologies are being deployed in science classrooms to support science learning and the development of representational competence. Several studies have indicated that students experience significant challenges working with these multi-representational displays and prefer to use only one…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Visual Aids, Science Instruction, Organic Chemistry
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Liben, Lynn S.; Kastens, Kim A.; Christensen, Adam E. – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
To study the role of spatial concepts in science learning, 125 college students with high, medium, or low scores on a horizontality (water-level) spatial task were given information about geological strike and dip using existing educational materials. Participants mapped an outcrop's strike and dip, a rod's orientation, pointed to a distant…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Error Patterns, Spatial Ability, Teaching Methods
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Azevedo, Flavio S. – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
Based on a three-year-long ethnography of the hobby of model rocketry, I present a practice-centered theory of interest relationships--that is, the pattern of long-term, self-motivated engagement in open-ended practices that has been theorized under the concept of "individual interests". In contrast to extant theories of individual interests, in…
Descriptors: Interests, Ethnography, Vocational Interests, Barriers
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Steffe, Leslie P. – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
In this article, the author wishes to emphasize two fundamental points related to theory that were significantly underplayed in Simon et al.'s "A Developing Approach to Studying Students' Learning through Their Mathematical Activity" (2010). The author believes these points are central to any study of children's mathematical learning. The first…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Learning Activities, Learning Theories, Mathematics Activities
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Herbst, Patricio; Nachlieli, Talli; Chazan, Daniel – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
This article presents a way of studying the rationality that mathematics teachers utilize in managing the teaching of theorems in high-school geometry. More generally, the study illustrates how to elicit the rationality that guides teachers in handling the demands of teaching practice. In particular, it illustrates how problematic classroom…
Descriptors: Evidence, Video Technology, Cartoons, Mathematics Teachers
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van Galen, Mirte S.; Reitsma, Pieter – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
Predictions of the Identical Elements (IE) model of arithmetic fact representation (Rickard, 2005; Rickard & Bourne, 1996) about transfer between arithmetic facts were tested in primary school children. The aim of the study was to test whether the IE model, constructed to explain adult performance, also applies to children. The IE model…
Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Multiplication, Recall (Psychology), Arithmetic
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Goldberg, Tsafrir; Schwarz, Baruch B.; Porat, Dan – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
A group of 64 Israeli twelfth-grade students of two different ethnic backgrounds participated in an experiment exploring the effects of argumentative design and social identity on the learning of a charged, ethnicity-related historical controversy. Students were divided into two learning conditions: an argumentative-disciplinary condition and a…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Textbooks, Essays, Foreign Countries
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Herrenkohl, Leslie Rupert; Tasker, Tammy; White, Barbara – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
This article examines the pedagogical practices of two science inquiry teachers and their students using a Web-based system called Web of Inquiry (WOI). There is a need to build a collective repertoire of pedagogical practices that can assist elementary and middle school teachers as they support students to develop a complex model of inquiry based…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, School Culture, Inquiry, Science Instruction
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Samarapungavan, Ala; Patrick, Helen; Mantzicopoulos, Panayota – Cognition and Instruction, 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine how participation in an inquiry-based science program impacts kindergarten students' science learning and motivation. The study was implemented as part of a larger, federally funded research project, the Scientific Literacy Project or SLP (Mantzicopoulos, Patrick, & Samarapungavan, 2005). The study…
Descriptors: Science Programs, Motivation, Kindergarten, Scientific Literacy
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