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Kuhn, Deanna; Zillmer, Nicole; Crowell, Amanda; Zavala, Julia – Cognition and Instruction, 2013
We examine how extended engagement in argumentation with peers leads to enhanced metalevel understanding of argumentive discourse. Following such engagement, young adolescents demonstrated enhanced understanding of counterargument and use of evidence as objectives of skilled argumentation, relative to a nonparticipating comparison group. Among the…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Metacognition, Peer Relationship, Early Adolescents
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Mantzicopoulos, Panayota; Patrick, Helen; Samarapungavan, Ala – Cognition and Instruction, 2013
We examined science learning and motivation outcomes as a function of children's participation in the classroom and classroom-plus-home components of the Scientific Literacy Project (SLP). The sample was comprised of kindergarten children in 4 low income, neighboring schools. Children in Schools 1 and 2 (n = 120) participated in the SLP science…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Learning Motivation, Kindergarten, Science Instruction
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Goldman, Susan R.; Scardamalia, Marlene – Cognition and Instruction, 2013
New media, new knowledge practices, and concepts point to the need for greater understanding of cognitive processes underlying knowledge acquisition and generation in open informational worlds. The authors of the articles in this special issue address cognitive and instructional challenges surrounding multiple document comprehension--a…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Information Literacy, Synthesis, Epistemology
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Kapon, Shulamit; diSessa, Andrea A. – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
This article aims to account for students' assessments of the plausibility and applicability of analogical explanations, and individual differences in these assessments, by analyzing properties of students' underlying knowledge systems. We developed a model of explanation and change in explanation focusing on knowledge elements that provide a…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, High School Students, Thinking Skills, Teaching Methods
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Harris, Lauren McArthur – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
This article explores articles from the "Journal of World History", from 1990 to 2008, to uncover conceptual devices world historians use in their work. The goal is to identify promising devices for improving world history instruction. While teaching world history is viewed as increasingly important, lack of clarity regarding course structures and…
Descriptors: World History, Historians, Expertise, Concept Formation
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Parnafes, Orit – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
This article presents a theoretical model of the process by which students construct and elaborate explanations of scientific phenomena using visual representations. The model describes progress in the underlying conceptual processes in students' explanations as a reorganization of fine-grained knowledge elements based on the Knowledge in Pieces…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Astronomy, Intuition, Grade 5
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Stull, Andrew T.; Hegarty, Mary; Dixon, Bonnie; Stieff, Mike – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
In representation-rich domains such as organic chemistry, students must be facile and accurate when translating between different 2D representations, such as diagrams. We hypothesized that translating between organic chemistry diagrams would be more accurate when concrete models were used because difficult mental processes could be augmented by…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Control Groups, Organic Chemistry, Direct Instruction
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Lai, Yvonne; Weber, Keith; Mejia-Ramos, Juan Pablo – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
In this article, we report two studies investigating what mathematicians value in a pedagogical proof. Study 1 is a qualitative study of how eight mathematicians revised two proofs that would be presented in a course for mathematics majors. These mathematicians thought that introductory and concluding sentences should be included in the proofs,…
Descriptors: Sentences, Mathematics Education, Qualitative Research, Mathematics Instruction
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Chazan, Daniel; Sela, Hagit; Herbst, Patricio – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
We illustrate a method, which is modeled on "breaching experiments," for studying tacit norms that govern classroom interaction around particular mathematical content. Specifically, this study explores norms that govern teachers' expectations for the doing of word problems in school algebra. Teacher study groups discussed representations of…
Descriptors: Interaction, Norms, Word Problems (Mathematics), Algebra
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van Boxtel, Carla; van Drie, Jannet – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
An important goal of history education is the development of a chronological frame of reference that can be used to interpret and date historical images and documents. Despite the importance of this contextualization goal, little is known about the knowledge and strategies that allow students to situate information historically. Two studies were…
Descriptors: Cartoons, History Instruction, History, Knowledge Level
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Bolger, Molly S.; Kobiela, Marta; Weinberg, Paul J.; Lehrer, Richard – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
Reasoning about mechanisms is one of the hallmarks of disciplined inquiry in science and engineering, but comparatively little is known about its precursors and development. Children at grades 2 and 5 predicted and explained the motion of simple mechanical systems composed entirely of visible linkages (levers). Students' explanations of device…
Descriptors: Motion, Concept Formation, Grade 2, Logical Thinking
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Ford, Michael J. – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
This article identifies aspects of argumentation in scientific practice that are key for scientific sense-making and articulates how engagement in these aspects happens both inter-mentally (between people) and intra-mentally (an individual's reasoning). Institutionally, peer review exerts critique on new knowledge claims in science and is…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Logical Thinking, Criticism, Physics
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Bouwmeester, Samantha; Verkoeijen, Peter P. J. L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
Children's estimation patterns on a number line estimation task may provide information about the mental representation of the magnitude of numbers. Siegler and his colleagues concluded that children's mental representations shift from a logarithmic-ruler representation to a linear-ruler representation. However, there are important methodological…
Descriptors: Computation, Numbers, Cognitive Processes, Kindergarten
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Barzilai, Sarit; Zohar, Anat – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
This study examines epistemic thinking in action in order to shed light on the relation between students' personal epistemologies and their online learning practices. The study is based on observations of the learning behaviors of 6th-grade students (n = 38) during two online inquiry tasks. Data were collected through think-aloud protocols and…
Descriptors: Electronic Learning, Protocol Analysis, Online Courses, Learning Strategies
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Baroody, Arthur J.; Eiland, Michael D.; Purpura, David J.; Reid, Erin E. – Cognition and Instruction, 2012
A 9-month training experiment evaluated whether computer-assisted discovery learning of arithmetic regularities can facilitate kindergartners' fluency with the easiest sums. After a pretest, kindergartners with at least one risk factor (n = 28) were randomly assigned to either a structured add-0/1 training condition, which focused on recognizing…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, At Risk Students, Discovery Learning, Kindergarten
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