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de Roock, Roberto Santiago; Baildon, Mark – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
There is a great need for interrogating the politics of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) learning at a global level and for STEM literacies that include robust sociopolitical analysis. This article analyzes neoliberal underpinnings of STEM discourse on an online portal created for pedagogic use with primary and secondary…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, STEM Education, Neoliberalism, Citizenship Education
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Herrenkohl, Leslie Rupert; Lee, Jiyoung; Kong, Fan; Nakamura, Susie; Imani, Kimia; Nasu, Kari; Hartman, Ansel; Pennant, Benjamin; Tran, Elisa; Wang, Everet; Eslami, Noushyar Panahpour; Whittlesey, Daniel; Whittlesey, David; Huynh, Tri Minh; Jung, Allen; Batalon, Chris; Bell, Adam; Headrick Taylor, Katie – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Previous research demonstrates that social and interpersonal factors, more than academic preparation, affect decisions by under-represented students to stay in or to leave STEM fields. Yet, much of the theorizing about STEM learning in higher education begins with conceptual and epistemological dimensions. We make the case for a new theoretical…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Undergraduate Students, Minority Group Students, Mentors
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Agarwal, Priyanka; Sengupta-Irving, Tesha – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Engle and Conant's "productive disciplinary engagement" (PDE) framework has significantly advanced the study of learning in mathematics and science. This artilce revisits PDE through the lens of critical education research. Our analysis synthesizes two themes of power: "epistemic diversity," and "historicity and…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disciplines, Learner Engagement, Mathematics, Sciences
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Buenrostro, Patricia M.; Radinsky, Josh – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Critical math and science educators have argued for pedagogies that focus on equity, social justice, and the identities of learners. To inform debates about the purposes and values of math and science pedagogy, we need to better understand how different kinds of curriculum and instruction are taken up by learners over time. This study examines the…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Social Justice, Equal Education
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Davis, Natalie R.; Schaeffer, Janelle – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
The study of water as a K-12 science idea often divorces its properties from its deeply politicized history as a resource that has been limited, compromised, and intentionally withheld from nondominant communities. Although a robust body of scholarship has aptly critiqued decontextualized and depoliticized pedagogies and called for critical…
Descriptors: Water Pollution, Elementary School Science, Science Instruction, Political Issues
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Larrain, Antonia; Freire, Paulina; López, Patricia; Grau, Valeska – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Peer argumentation, especially the discussion of contrary points of view, has experimentally been found to be effective in promoting science content knowledge, but how this occurs is still unknown. The available explanations are insufficient because they do not account for the evidence showing that gains in content knowledge are unrelated to group…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Peer Influence, Middle School Students, Science Instruction
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Reisman, Abby; Brimsek, Emily; Hollywood, Claire – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
A troubling gap exists between the current state of history assessment and the knowledge and skills deemed essential for students to thrive in the 21st century. We propose a new assessment of historical thinking that represents a promising alignment with extant cognitive research, as well as with the practices that undergird the discipline. In…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Persuasive Discourse, Test Construction, Scoring Rubrics
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Van Straaten, Dick; Wilschut, Arie; Oostdam, Ron; Fukkink, Ruben – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Although history standards generally aim at developing historical consciousness among secondary school students, there is not much research-based knowledge to support making connections between the past, the present, and the future in history teaching. This study examines the effects of teaching analogous cases of an enduring human issue in 2…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Secondary School Students, Relevance (Education), Case Method (Teaching Technique)
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Shah, Niral; Lewis, Colleen M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Research on collaborative learning has focused on its potential to foster successful problem solving. Less attention, though, has been given to issues of equity. In this article, we investigate how inequity can become amplified and attenuated within collaborative learning through small interactional moves that accumulate to produce broader…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Computer Science Education, Student Participation, Elementary School Students
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Morra, Sergio; Bisagno, Elisa; Caviola, Sara; Delfante, Chiara; Mammarella, Irene Cristina – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article reconsiders Case's theory of central conceptual structures (CCS), examining the relation between working memory and the acquisition of quantitative CCS. The lead hypothesis is that the development of working memory capacity shapes the development of quantitative concepts (whole and rational numbers). Study I, with 779 children from…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Concept Formation, Children, Early Adolescents
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Smirnov, Natalia; Saiyed, Gulnaz; Easterday, Matthew W.; Lam, Wan Shun Eva – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Journalism can serve as a generative disciplinary context for developing civic and information literacies needed to meaningfully participate in an increasingly networked and mediated public sphere. Using interviews with journalists, we developed a cognitive task analysis model, identifying an iterative sequence of production and domain-specific…
Descriptors: Information Literacy, Task Analysis, Journalism Education, Journalism
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Fonger, Nicole L.; Stephens, Ana; Blanton, Maria; Isler, Isil; Knuth, Eric; Gardiner, Angela Murphy – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Learning progressions have been demarcated by some for science education, or only concerned with levels of sophistication in student thinking as determined by logical analyses of the discipline. We take the stance that learning progressions can be leveraged in mathematics education as a form of curriculum research that advances a linked…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mathematics Education, Algebra, Research and Development
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Whitacre, Ian – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
I present a viable learning trajectory for prospective elementary teachers' number sense development with a focus on whole-number place value, addition, and subtraction. I document a chronology of classroom mathematical practices in a Number and Operations course. The findings provide insights into prospective elementary teachers' number sense…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Mathematics Activities, Mathematics
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Baaijen, Veerle M.; Galbraith, David – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This study compares a problem-solving account of discovery through writing, which attributes discovery to strategic rhetorical planning and assumes discovery is associated with better quality text, to a dual-process account, which attributes discovery to the combined effect of 2 conflicting processes with opposing relationships to text quality.…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Writing Strategies, Metacognition, Correlation
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Taylor, Katie Headrick – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This essay examines the role of public education in the process of place-remaking that relies on a false separation between teaching and issues of race, politics, and power. I construct a historical case study of my hometown that presents a counter narrative, presented by students, of race and legacy in the context of a public school and the…
Descriptors: Role of Education, Public Education, Public Schools, Race
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