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Verschaffel, Lieven; Reybrouck, Mark; Jans, Christine; Van Dooren, Wim – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
This study investigates children's metarepresentational competence with regard to listening to and making sense of simple sonic stimuli. Using diSessa's (2003) work on metarepresentational competence in mathematics and sciences as theoretical and empirical background, it aims to assess children's criteria for representational adequacy of graphical…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Auditory Stimuli, Music Education, Criteria
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Pino-Pasternak, Deborah; Whitebread, David; Tolmie, Andrew – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
This study explored the extent to which parents were able to scaffold their children's Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) in the context of authentic academic tasks and attempted to identify specific dimensions within the parent-child interaction (socioemotional and instructional) that were related to children's SRL. Fifteen Chilean parents and their…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Metacognition, Parent Child Relationship, Foreign Countries
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Shechtman, Nicole; Roschelle, Jeremy; Haertel, Geneva; Knudsen, Jennifer – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
Using data collected in 125 seventh-grade and 56 eighth-grade Texas classrooms in the context of the "Scaling Up SimCalc" research project in 2005-07, we examined relationships between teachers' mathematics knowledge, teachers' classroom decision making, and student achievement outcomes on topics of rate, proportionality, and linear…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Curriculum, Teacher Characteristics, Decision Making
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Feucht, Florian C.; Bendixen, Lisa D. – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
The current study examines the personal epistemology of fourth-grade elementary school teachers from Germany (n = 10) and the United States (n = 10) to gain a more nuanced understanding of teachers' beliefs about knowledge and knowing through a cross-cultural lens. Analyses of semi-structured interviews reveal similarities and differences in the…
Descriptors: Interviews, Foreign Countries, Elementary School Teachers, Epistemology
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Ding, Meixia; Li, Xiaobao – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
This study examines presentations of the distributive property (DP) in two widely used U.S. elementary text series and one main Chinese text series along three dimensions: problem contexts, typical problem types within each problem context, and variability in using the DP. In general, the two U.S. texts were found to resemble each other but to…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Mathematics Education, Textbooks, Elementary School Mathematics
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Vamvakoussi, Xenia; Vosniadou, Stella – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
We present an empirical study that investigated seventh-, ninth-, and eleventh-grade students' understanding of the infinity of numbers in an interval. The participants (n = 549) were asked how many (i.e., a finite or infinite number of numbers) and what type of numbers (i.e., decimals, fractions, or any type) lie between two rational numbers. The…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Intervals, Numbers, Mathematics
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Saxe, Geoffrey B.; Earnest, Darrell; Sitabkhan, Yasmin; Haldar, Lina C.; Lewis, Katherine E.; Zheng, Ying – Cognition and Instruction, 2010
This report provides evidence of the influence of a tutorial "communication game" on fifth graders' generative understanding of the integer number line. Students matched for classroom and pretest score were randomly assigned to a tutorial (n = 19) and control group (n = 19). The tutorial group students played a 13-problem game in which…
Descriptors: Numbers, Tutors, Number Concepts, Grade 5
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Ares, Nancy; Stroup, Walter M.; Schademan, Alfred R. – Cognition and Instruction, 2009
A new generation of networked classroom technology immerses students and teachers in the group-level construction of powerful mathematical and scientific concepts. We examine these networks from a sociocultural point of view as a new form of mediating artifact. We present a mixed-method, microgenetic analysis to characterize students'…
Descriptors: Technology Uses in Education, Context Effect, Information Networks, Classroom Environment
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Vasilyeva, Marina; Casey, Beth M.; Dearing, Eric; Ganley, Colleen M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2009
In this research, we examined overall performance and gender differences in measurement skills in elementary-school students from low-income families. In Study 1, accuracy and error patterns were analyzed in a large sample of fourth-graders; in Study 2 error patterns and strategy usage were examined with a smaller sample of fourth-graders. Study 1…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Spatial Ability, Cognitive Processes
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Kyza, Eleni A. – Cognition and Instruction, 2009
The examination of alternative hypotheses can initiate students into scientific practices and equip them with scientific literacy skills that will help them participate in ongoing debates involving complex socio-scientific problems. Hypothesis testing, in which the examination of alternative hypotheses is situated, has received much attention in…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Student Attitudes, Hypothesis Testing, Scientific Literacy
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Martin, Lee; Schwartz, Daniel L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2009
An important element of adaptive expertise involves stepping away from a routine to retool one's knowledge or environment. The current study investigated two forms of this adaptive pattern: fault-driven adaptations, which are reactions to a difficulty, and prospective adaptations, which are proactive reformulations. Graduate and undergraduate…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Graduate Students, Adjustment (to Environment), Comparative Analysis
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Greeno, James G. – Cognition and Instruction, 2009
Son and Goldstone (2009) provided orienting activities intended to increase personal engagement, and these activities reduced participants' transfer based on concepts of signal detectability theory. I offer a theoretical interpretation that differs from theirs. First, instead of assuming that activity is contextualized in some conditions and not…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Cognitive Structures, Student Attitudes, Epistemology
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Doherty-Sneddon, Gwyneth; Phelps, Fiona G.; Calderwood, Lesley – Cognition and Instruction, 2009
Looking away from an interlocutor's face during demanding cognitive activity can help adults and children answer challenging mental arithmetic and verbal-reasoning questions (Glenberg, Schroeder, & Robertson, 1998; Phelps, Doherty-Sneddon, & Warnock, 2006). While such "gaze aversion" (GA) is used far less by 5-year-old school children, its use…
Descriptors: Primary Education, Mental Computation, Cognitive Processes, Arithmetic
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Abrahamson, Dor – Cognition and Instruction, 2009
This article reports on a case study from a design-based research project that investigated how students make sense of the disciplinary tools they are taught to use, and specifically, what personal, interpersonal, and material resources support this process. The probability topic of binomial distribution was selected due to robust documentation of…
Descriptors: Intuition, Grade 4, Probability, Thinking Skills
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Gijlers, Hannie; de Jong, Ton – Cognition and Instruction, 2009
This study investigates how collaborative knowledge construction within an inquiry learning environment can be assisted with scaffolds that aim to support students' hypothesis generation process. Sixty-six students on a university preparatory track worked collaboratively on a kinematics task. The instructional goal was to develop students'…
Descriptors: Opinions, Prior Learning, Cooperative Learning, Interaction
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