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Zacharia, Zacharias C.; de Jong, Ton – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
This study investigates whether Virtual Manipulatives (VM) within a Physical Manipulatives (PM)-oriented curriculum affect conceptual understanding of electric circuits and related experimentation processes. A pre-post comparison study randomly assigned 194 undergraduates in an introductory physics course to one of five conditions: three…
Descriptors: Energy, Physics, Interviews, Undergraduate Students