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Showing 1 to 15 of 356 results Save | Export
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Tang, Xiaowei; Yang, Liu; Levin, Daniel M. – Cognition and Instruction, 2020
In this study, we explore how cross-linguistic differences can contribute to children's scientific thinking. We compared first and third grade Chinese students' pre-instructional ideas of the earth expressed in clinical interviews with that of their English-speaking and Greek-speaking counterparts (as recorded in the literature). Inspired by a…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Science Education, Comparative Analysis, Contrastive Linguistics
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Chen, Grace A. – Cognition and Instruction, 2020
This paper draws on Ahmed's construct of "affective economies" to explore the role of affect in explaining how marginalization becomes (re)produced in pre-service teachers' encounters with an actor playing a Kurdish refugee mother in a simulated parent-teacher conference. Through an interpretive case study of four matched-pair…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Preservice Teachers, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Interpersonal Relationship
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Vakil, Sepehr – Cognition and Instruction, 2020
While academic, cultural, and racial identities have been important concepts in sociocultural theories of learning and development, less attention has been given to political identity. Research on political identities in education tends to be limited to critical pedagogy or civic education contexts, leaving unexamined the role of political…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Politics, Computer Science Education, Metacognition
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Nolen, Susan Bobbitt; Wetzstein, Lia; Goodell, Alexandra – Cognition and Instruction, 2020
Disciplinary activity in science is tool-mediated, and instructional designers often build in opportunities for students to use the conceptual and material tools of the discipline as they engage in activity. When this activity takes place in schools, students and teachers may modify or reject disciplinary tools to fit the goals of schooling. We…
Descriptors: High School Students, Advanced Placement Programs, Student Projects, Active Learning
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Richards, Jennifer; Elby, Andrew; Luna, Melissa J.; Robertson, Amy D.; Levin, Daniel M.; Nyeggen, Colleen G. – Cognition and Instruction, 2020
Mathematics and science education researchers focused on teacher education emphasize attention and responsiveness to student thinking as central to effective classroom practice. Being responsive to student thinking involves attending to the substance of students' ideas--the meaning students are making--and pursuing that thinking, adjusting the…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Attention, Teacher Response
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White, Tobin – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article analyzes an episode of classroom mathematics activity mediated by graphing technology from 3 different theoretical perspectives. An important line of research in the learning sciences focuses on graphs as "inscriptions", foregrounding learners' interactions with and around the material properties of graphical displays.…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Teaching Methods
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Vieira, Camilo; Magana, Alejandra J.; Roy, Anindya; Falk, Michael L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Creating explanations is an important process for students, not only to make connections between novel information and background knowledge, but also to be able to communicate their understanding of any given topic. This article explores students' explanations in the context of computational science and engineering, an important interdisciplinary…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Comprehension, Computation, Programming
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Peskin, Joan; Ellenbogen, Beverly – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
To identify expert poets' cognitive processes as they compose poetry, we asked 10 expert poets and 10 novice writers of poetry to think aloud as they composed a poem. Compared to the novices, expert poets revealed an associative playfulness and surrendering of consciousness, similar to that shown in research on general creativity in domains such…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Poetry, Protocol Analysis, Expertise
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Steier, Rolf; Kersting, Magdalena – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Though we live in a 4-dimensional universe, our minds and bodies are not particularly good at perceiving and depicting 4 dimensions. This study contributes to our understanding of collaboration with abstract concepts by examining particular activities where bodily and experiential understandings may conflict with the conceptual domain.…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Imagination, Secondary School Science, Secondary School Students
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Smith, Mark; Breakstone, Joel; Wineburg, Sam – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article reports a validity study of History Assessments of Thinking (HATs), which are short, constructed-response assessments of historical thinking. In particular, this study focuses on aspects of cognitive validity, which is an examination of whether assessments tap the intended constructs. Think-aloud interviews with 26 high school…
Descriptors: History, History Instruction, Thinking Skills, Multiple Choice Tests
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Santiago, Maribel – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article explores how a curricular intervention that merges antiessentialist historical content and historical inquiry plays a role in how students complicate the narrative of racial progress. The 3-day curricular intervention centers on "Mendez v. Westminster," a case about 1940s Mexican American school segregation. The content and…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Inquiry, Racial Bias, Curriculum
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Alonzo, Alicia C.; Elby, Andrew – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
As scientific models of student thinking, learning progressions (LPs) have been evaluated in terms of one important, but limited, criterion: fit to empirical data. We argue that LPs are not empirically adequate, largely because they rely on problematic assumptions of theory-like coherence in students' thinking. Through an empirical investigation…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Physics, Models, Learning Processes
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Vitale, Jonathan M.; Applebaum, Lauren; Linn, Marcia C. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Graphs illustrating complex scientific relationships require students to integrate multiple concepts and visual features into a coherent understanding. We investigate ways to support students in integrating their understanding of density concepts through a graph that is linked to a simulation depicting the relationship between mass, volume, and…
Descriptors: Graphs, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Grade 8
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Radoff, Jennifer; Jaber, Lama Ziad; Hammer, David – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
We study the case of Marya, a freshman engineering major who showed and spoke of a drastic shift in her feelings and approach to learning physics during an introductory course. For the first several weeks, she was anxiously manipulating equations without considering physical meaning, and she was terribly worried about being correct. By the end of…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Engineering Education, Physics, Science Instruction
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David, Samuel S.; Pacheco, Mark B.; Jiménez, Robert T. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This study examined how middle-grades language arts teachers learned to integrate a small-group collaborative translation activity into their teaching practice. We discuss what we call "pedagogical translation" as an emergent social practice, in which translation routines that are familiar to multilingual students may be leveraged toward…
Descriptors: Language Teachers, Middle School Teachers, Cooperative Learning, Group Activities
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