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Smith, Mark; Breakstone, Joel; Wineburg, Sam – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article reports a validity study of History Assessments of Thinking (HATs), which are short, constructed-response assessments of historical thinking. In particular, this study focuses on aspects of cognitive validity, which is an examination of whether assessments tap the intended constructs. Think-aloud interviews with 26 high school…
Descriptors: History, History Instruction, Thinking Skills, Multiple Choice Tests
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Santiago, Maribel – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article explores how a curricular intervention that merges antiessentialist historical content and historical inquiry plays a role in how students complicate the narrative of racial progress. The 3-day curricular intervention centers on "Mendez v. Westminster," a case about 1940s Mexican American school segregation. The content and…
Descriptors: History Instruction, Inquiry, Racial Bias, Curriculum
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Alonzo, Alicia C.; Elby, Andrew – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
As scientific models of student thinking, learning progressions (LPs) have been evaluated in terms of one important, but limited, criterion: fit to empirical data. We argue that LPs are not empirically adequate, largely because they rely on problematic assumptions of theory-like coherence in students' thinking. Through an empirical investigation…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Physics, Models, Learning Processes
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Vitale, Jonathan M.; Applebaum, Lauren; Linn, Marcia C. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Graphs illustrating complex scientific relationships require students to integrate multiple concepts and visual features into a coherent understanding. We investigate ways to support students in integrating their understanding of density concepts through a graph that is linked to a simulation depicting the relationship between mass, volume, and…
Descriptors: Graphs, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Grade 8
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Radoff, Jennifer; Jaber, Lama Ziad; Hammer, David – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
We study the case of Marya, a freshman engineering major who showed and spoke of a drastic shift in her feelings and approach to learning physics during an introductory course. For the first several weeks, she was anxiously manipulating equations without considering physical meaning, and she was terribly worried about being correct. By the end of…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Engineering Education, Physics, Science Instruction
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White, Tobin – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
This article analyzes an episode of classroom mathematics activity mediated by graphing technology from 3 different theoretical perspectives. An important line of research in the learning sciences focuses on graphs as "inscriptions", foregrounding learners' interactions with and around the material properties of graphical displays.…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Teaching Methods
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Vieira, Camilo; Magana, Alejandra J.; Roy, Anindya; Falk, Michael L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Creating explanations is an important process for students, not only to make connections between novel information and background knowledge, but also to be able to communicate their understanding of any given topic. This article explores students' explanations in the context of computational science and engineering, an important interdisciplinary…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Comprehension, Computation, Programming
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Peskin, Joan; Ellenbogen, Beverly – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
To identify expert poets' cognitive processes as they compose poetry, we asked 10 expert poets and 10 novice writers of poetry to think aloud as they composed a poem. Compared to the novices, expert poets revealed an associative playfulness and surrendering of consciousness, similar to that shown in research on general creativity in domains such…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Poetry, Protocol Analysis, Expertise
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Steier, Rolf; Kersting, Magdalena – Cognition and Instruction, 2019
Though we live in a 4-dimensional universe, our minds and bodies are not particularly good at perceiving and depicting 4 dimensions. This study contributes to our understanding of collaboration with abstract concepts by examining particular activities where bodily and experiential understandings may conflict with the conceptual domain.…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Imagination, Secondary School Science, Secondary School Students
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Smirnov, Natalia; Saiyed, Gulnaz; Easterday, Matthew W.; Lam, Wan Shun Eva – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Journalism can serve as a generative disciplinary context for developing civic and information literacies needed to meaningfully participate in an increasingly networked and mediated public sphere. Using interviews with journalists, we developed a cognitive task analysis model, identifying an iterative sequence of production and domain-specific…
Descriptors: Information Literacy, Task Analysis, Journalism Education, Journalism
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Fonger, Nicole L.; Stephens, Ana; Blanton, Maria; Isler, Isil; Knuth, Eric; Gardiner, Angela Murphy – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Learning progressions have been demarcated by some for science education, or only concerned with levels of sophistication in student thinking as determined by logical analyses of the discipline. We take the stance that learning progressions can be leveraged in mathematics education as a form of curriculum research that advances a linked…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mathematics Education, Algebra, Research and Development
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Whitacre, Ian – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
I present a viable learning trajectory for prospective elementary teachers' number sense development with a focus on whole-number place value, addition, and subtraction. I document a chronology of classroom mathematical practices in a Number and Operations course. The findings provide insights into prospective elementary teachers' number sense…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Mathematics Activities, Mathematics
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Baaijen, Veerle M.; Galbraith, David – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This study compares a problem-solving account of discovery through writing, which attributes discovery to strategic rhetorical planning and assumes discovery is associated with better quality text, to a dual-process account, which attributes discovery to the combined effect of 2 conflicting processes with opposing relationships to text quality.…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Writing Strategies, Metacognition, Correlation
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Taylor, Katie Headrick – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This essay examines the role of public education in the process of place-remaking that relies on a false separation between teaching and issues of race, politics, and power. I construct a historical case study of my hometown that presents a counter narrative, presented by students, of race and legacy in the context of a public school and the…
Descriptors: Role of Education, Public Education, Public Schools, Race
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Levin, Mariana – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This article elaborates a new direction for studying the construction of novel strategies that enables researchers to model the conceptual underpinnings of students' observable strategic actions during episodes of mathematical problem solving. The nature of the relationship between conceptual and procedural knowledge has been persistently debated…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Algebra, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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