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Smirnov, Natalia; Saiyed, Gulnaz; Easterday, Matthew W.; Lam, Wan Shun Eva – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Journalism can serve as a generative disciplinary context for developing civic and information literacies needed to meaningfully participate in an increasingly networked and mediated public sphere. Using interviews with journalists, we developed a cognitive task analysis model, identifying an iterative sequence of production and domain-specific…
Descriptors: Information Literacy, Task Analysis, Journalism Education, Journalism
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Fonger, Nicole L.; Stephens, Ana; Blanton, Maria; Isler, Isil; Knuth, Eric; Gardiner, Angela Murphy – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
Learning progressions have been demarcated by some for science education, or only concerned with levels of sophistication in student thinking as determined by logical analyses of the discipline. We take the stance that learning progressions can be leveraged in mathematics education as a form of curriculum research that advances a linked…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mathematics Education, Algebra, Research and Development
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Whitacre, Ian – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
I present a viable learning trajectory for prospective elementary teachers' number sense development with a focus on whole-number place value, addition, and subtraction. I document a chronology of classroom mathematical practices in a Number and Operations course. The findings provide insights into prospective elementary teachers' number sense…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Mathematics Activities, Mathematics
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Marin, Ananda; Bang, Megan – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
This case study focuses on a Native American family's experience on a walk in an urban forest preserve. Drawing on interaction analysis traditions, we analyze video data and transcript data to characterize how learning unfolds in place, in this case an urban forest. We build on this analysis, as well as the work of Indigenous scholars, to…
Descriptors: American Indians, Family Involvement, Environmental Education, Outdoor Education
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Hostetler, Andrew; Sengupta, Pratim; Hollett, Ty – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
In this article, we argue that when complex sociopolitical issues such as ethnocentrism and racial segregation are represented as complex, emergent systems using agent-based computational models (in short agent-based models or ABMs), discourse about these representations can disrupt social studies teacher candidates' dispositions of teaching…
Descriptors: Social Studies, Learning Activities, Race, Power Structure
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Mateos, Mar; Martín, Elena; Cuevas, Isabel; Villalón, Ruth; Martínez, Isabel; González-Lamas, Jara – Cognition and Instruction, 2018
The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of 2 different types of intervention aimed at improving written argumentative synthesis by integrating conflicting information from different sources. Both interventions combined the use of a guide with collaborative practice, but one of them also included explicit strategy instruction. Only…
Descriptors: Writing Improvement, Persuasive Discourse, Synthesis, Information Sources
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Cognition and Instruction, 2017
What responsibilities do researchers of learning have in the wake of Trump's election and the proliferation of far-right, populist nationalism across the globe? In this essay, we seek to prompt and engage a dialogue about the political role and responsibilities of our field at this historical moment. First, we situate the social hierarchies that…
Descriptors: Educational Practices, Nationalism, Politics of Education, Educational Research
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Simones, Lilian; Rodger, Matthew; Schroeder, Franziska – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study centers upon a piano learning and teaching environment in which beginners and intermediate piano students (N = 48) learning to perform a specific type of staccato were submitted to three different (group-exclusive) teaching conditions: "audio-only" demonstration of the musical task; observation of the teacher's action…
Descriptors: Musical Instruments, Music Education, Teaching Methods, Observation
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Dixon, Colin; Martin, Lee – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
As young people design, build, and problem solve within maker spaces and clubs, they talk about making. We analyze short interviews with young people involved in maker clubs, conducted during public presentations, and hypothesize a progression through frames of participation. Moving from "exploration," to "exchange," and on to…
Descriptors: Interviews, Personal Narratives, Participation, Adoption (Ideas)
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Ma, Jasmine Y. – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study interrogates the contributions of multi-party, whole-body interactions to students' collaboration and negotiation of mathematics ideas in a task setting called walking scale geometry, where bodies in interaction became complex resources for students' emerging goals in problem solving. Whole bodies took up overlapping roles representing…
Descriptors: Human Body, Interaction, Cooperative Learning, Mathematics Instruction
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Kainulainen, Mikko; McMullen, Jake; Lehtinen, Erno – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Difficulties with rational numbers have been explained by a natural number bias, where concepts of natural numbers are inappropriately applied to rational numbers. Overcoming this difficulty may require a radical restructuring of previous knowledge. In order to capture this development, we examined third- to fifth-grade students' understanding of…
Descriptors: Numbers, Foreign Countries, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Grotzer, Tina A.; Derbiszewska, Katarzyna; Solis, S. Lynneth – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Research has focused on students' difficulties understanding phenomena in which agency is distributed across actors whose individual-level behaviors converge to result in collective outcomes. Building on Levy and Wilensky (2008), this study identified features of distributed causality students understand and that may offer affordances for…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Grade 6, Interviews, Pretests Posttests
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Liu, Chunhua; Carraher, David W.; Schliemann, Analúcia D.; Wagoner, Paul – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
In a 1-hour teaching interview, 20 children (aged 7 to 11) discovered how to tell whether objects might be made of the same material by using ratios of measures of weight and size. We examine progress in the children's reasoning about measurement and proportional relations, as well as design features of instruments, materials, and tasks crafted to…
Descriptors: Children, Preadolescents, Measurement, Cognitive Development
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Hawes, Zachary; Moss, Joan; Caswell, Beverly; Naqvi, Sarah; MacKinnon, Sharla – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
This study describes the implementation and effects of a 32-week teacher-led spatial reasoning intervention in K-2 classrooms. The intervention targeted spatial visualization skills as an integrated feature of regular mathematics instruction. Compared to an active control group, children in the spatial intervention demonstrated gains in spatial…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Geometry
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van Es, Elizabeth A.; Cashen, Mary; Barnhart, Tara; Auger, Anamarie – Cognition and Instruction, 2017
Video is used extensively in teacher preparation, raising questions about what and how preservice teachers learn through video observation and analysis. We investigate the development of candidates' noticing of ambitious mathematics pedagogy in the context of a video-based course designed to cultivate ways of seeing and interpreting classroom…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Preservice Teachers
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