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Jung, Sunyoung; Stone, Susan – Children & Schools, 2008
This secondary analysis of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project, a randomized study of program participation of children and families in Early Head Start (that is, enrolled in programming prior to children's first birthdays) investigated sociodemographic (race and ethnicity, income level, and maternal education level) and program…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Child Rearing, Social Work, Program Evaluation
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Randolph, Karen A.; Johnson, Jeannette L. – Children & Schools, 2008
School-based mentoring programs that promote academic success and prosocial behaviors among youths are of interest to school social workers. Because these programs are relatively new, little has been reported on the effectiveness of the services or the benefits to participants. The authors examined outcome evaluations of eight school-based…
Descriptors: Mentors, Research Methodology, Evaluation Methods, School Social Workers
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LeCroy, Craig Winston; Krysik, Judy – Children & Schools, 2008
The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors that predict academic achievement and school attachment among Hispanic seventh- and eighth-grade adolescents and to determine whether the associations between these factors are similar for Hispanic and white adolescents. The sample consisted of 170 adolescents. Results for Hispanic…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Grade Point Average, Family Characteristics, Academic Achievement
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Theriot, Matthew T. – Children & Schools, 2008
Although research has highlighted that dating violence is a serious and pervasive problem in many adolescent relationships, the prevalence and characteristics of such violence at schools is not fully understood. Yet, adolescents spend a great deal of time at school, and schools facilitate their relationships by providing numerous opportunities for…
Descriptors: Dating (Social), Violence, Adolescents, Incidence
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Garcia-Reid, Pauline – Children & Schools, 2008
School social workers are in a position to positively influence the educational experiences of those students placed most at risk by current school practices, and data indicate that Hispanics are particularly vulnerable in this regard. An examination of trends and educational outcomes are provided as evidence of the educational challenges…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Educational Needs, Equal Education, Educational Objectives
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Epp, Kathleen Marie – Children & Schools, 2008
There is a paucity of literature on social skills therapy for students on the autism spectrum, revealing an urgent need for additional research. Past research has focused on the use of small groups or single-case study designs. The present study examines the effectiveness of a social skills therapy program for school-age children ages 11 through…
Descriptors: Autism, Hyperactivity, Group Therapy, Art Therapy
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Frey, Andy J.; Lingo, Amy; Nelson, Michael C. – Children & Schools, 2008
Positive behavior support (PBS) is being implemented in more than 5,300 schools in the United States. In this article, the authors review the conceptual components, implementation features, and evidence base of PBS; discuss its implementation at the preschool level; and explore implications for school social work practice. Whether starting PBS…
Descriptors: School Districts, School Social Workers, Leadership, Social Work
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Jozefowicz-Simbeni; Debra M. Hernandez – Children & Schools, 2008
The role school social workers play within schools, the training they receive, and whether they are present in junior high schools are all factors that pose barriers and opportunities for school social workers' involvement in dropout prevention efforts during the middle school years. Such efforts are necessary because the unique challenges of…
Descriptors: Junior High Schools, Middle Schools, Dropout Prevention, Early Adolescents
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Meyer-Adams, Nancy; Conner, Bradley T. – Children & Schools, 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among a school's psychosocial environment and the prevalence and types of bullying behaviors that either lead to or result from that environment. More specifically, this study examined how the frequency of aggressive behaviors (for example, bullying) experienced by students (as…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Violence, Student Attitudes, School Culture
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Dupper, David R.; Montgomery Dingus, Amy E. – Children & Schools, 2008
Although corporal punishment has been banned in 29 states, more than a million cases of corporal punishment in U.S. schools continue to be reported annually, with states located in the southeastern and southwestern United States accounting for the vast majority of instances of corporal punishment. This article provides an overview of corporal…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Punishment, School Social Workers, Social Work
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Anderson-Butcher, Dawn; Lawson, Hal A.; Bean, Jerry; Flaspohler, Paul; Boone, Barbara; Kwiatkowski, Amber – Children & Schools, 2008
Conventional school improvement models traditionally involve "walled-in" approaches. These models focus primarily on academic learning strategies in response to standards-based accountabilities. Although positive outcomes have been documented, expanded school improvement models such as the Ohio Community Collaboration Model for School…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Educational Strategies, Cooperation, Educational Change
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Robbers, Monica L. P. – Children & Schools, 2008
This article presents findings from the evaluation of the Caring Equation, a Department of Health and Human Services-funded project established in 2003 in Arlington County, Virginia, public schools. The program is a multifaceted intervention program and is one of about 20 programs currently operating in school districts around the United States.…
Descriptors: Human Services, Intervention, Child Rearing, Early Parenthood
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Franklin, Cynthia; Moore, Kelly; Hopson, Laura – Children & Schools, 2008
This study evaluated the effectiveness of solution-focused brief therapy with children who have classroom-related behavior problems within a school setting. Five to seven sessions of solution-focused brief therapy services were provided to 67 children, identified by school faculty and staff as needing assistance in solving behavior problems.…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Child Behavior, Effect Size, Psychotherapy
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Shaw, Steven R.; Paez, Doris – Children & Schools, 2007
School social workers are increasingly faced with students who have attachment issues, those who have been diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD), as well as the families affected by this disorder. In this article, key features of the RAD diagnosis are presented. Other psychiatric disorders associated and confused with RAD are also…
Descriptors: Social Work, School Social Workers, Attachment Behavior, Mental Disorders
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de Anda, Diane – Children & Schools, 2007
This article discusses the difficulties in conducting intervention research or evaluating intervention programs in a school setting. In particular, the problems associated with randomization and obtaining control groups are examined. The use of quasi-experimental designs, specifically a paired comparison design using the individual as his or her…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Intervention, Research Design, Control Groups
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