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Bowen, Natasha K.; Lucio, Robert; Patak-Pietrafesa, Michele; Bowen, Gary L. – Children & Schools, 2020
To support student success effectively, school teams need information on known predictors of youth behavior and academic performance. In contrast to measures of behavioral and academic outcomes that are commonly relied on in schools, the School Success Profile (SSP) for middle and high school students provides comprehensive information on…
Descriptors: Success, Predictor Variables, Behavior, Expectation
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Andrews, Jack H.; Cho, Evelyn; Tugendrajch, Siena K.; Marriott, Brigid R.; Hawley, Kristin M. – Children & Schools, 2020
Evidence-based assessment, which requires the use of reliable and valid measurement tools, is an essential component of many services that school social workers provide to promote the social, emotional, and behavioral health of students. A wide variety of psychometrically sound assessment tools exist to choose from, but it can be difficult for…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Measurement Techniques, Mental Health, Mental Disorders
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Waasdorp, Tracy Evian; Lindstrom Johnson, Sarah; Shukla, Kathan D.; Bradshaw, Catherine P. – Children & Schools, 2020
Positive school climate has been consistently associated with many desirable student outcomes in both middle and high schools. However, there has been little work comparing the perceptions across these two school settings. The U.S. Department of Education conceptualized a three-factor model for school climate consisting of safety, engagement, and…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Middle School Students, High School Students, Measures (Individuals)
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Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Kush, Joseph M. – Children & Schools, 2020
There is a growing need for valid measures that can be administered efficiently in school settings to assess the impact of school-based preventive interventions. The current article aimed to establish a balance among assessment efficiency, reliability, and the measurement properties of an instrument widely used to assess the impact of school-based…
Descriptors: Prevention, Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Test Validity
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Anderson-Butcher, Dawn; Amorose, Anthony; Bates, Samantha M.; Iachini, Aidyn L.; Ball, Annahita; Henderson, Tasha – Children & Schools, 2020
The aim of this article is to describe the Community and Youth Collaborative Institute School Experience Surveys (CAYCI-SES). The CAYCI-SES measures are free and available to use with permission. The tools include valid and reliable surveys, assessments, and scales to help school stakeholders to identify and assess school climate and other…
Descriptors: School Surveys, Educational Environment, Educational Assessment, Evaluation Methods
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Crutchfield, Jandel; Phillippo, Kate L.; Frey, Andy – Children & Schools, 2020
Structural racism--implicitly discriminatory practices and policies that have negative consequences for individuals and groups of color--is a powerful force in contemporary American society, including in our public education system. This article explores the potential for school social workers (SSWers) to address structural racism through the use…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Social Work, School Social Workers, Educational Attainment
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Joseph, Andrea Asha; Wilcox, Serena M.; Hnilica, Rebecca J.; Hansen, Mary C. – Children & Schools, 2020
Given the unique forms of trauma that some Black and Brown youths are exposed to, and the salience of race and racial bias in discipline decision making, this article proposes that discipline interventions should be both race centered and trauma informed. Using critical race theory (CRT), trauma-informed practice literature, and restorative…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, African American Students, Trauma, Discipline
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Dutil, Stacey – Children & Schools, 2020
Disciplinary policies in schools throughout the United States disproportionately affect students of color through exclusionary policies. A punitive approach can have detrimental effects on a population that also experiences higher rates of trauma. This article identifies school disciplinary practices that may retraumatize and criminalize youths…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Race, Discipline, Discipline Policy
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Ball, Annahita; Skrzypek, Candra – Children & Schools, 2020
Educational disparities and disproportionalities for oppressed children signal the need for an educational justice movement that focuses on macro-level changes within and outside of the educational system. School social workers are uniquely trained to engage in activities that promote educational justice, yet most school social workers focus on…
Descriptors: School Social Workers, Social Work, Equal Education, Social Justice
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Gregory, Joshua R. – Children & Schools, 2020
In the United States, school shootings have become an increasingly prevalent and publicly salient social problem. School social workers play a central role in developing understanding of their etiology and intervening to prevent their further occurrence. Even though nearly all school shootings are committed by white students, no etiological theory…
Descriptors: Violence, School Safety, Critical Theory, White Students
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Elbedour, Salman; Alsubie, Futiem; Al'Uqdah, Shareefah N.; Bawalsah, Joseph A. – Children & Schools, 2020
The fundamental need for safety in schools requires research-based and trauma-informed strategies for implementing crisis management plans (CMPs). Beyond the immediate harm, longer-term potential outcomes of crises are psychological trauma and damage to the reputation for safety of the school, leading to staff attrition. An effective CMP involves…
Descriptors: Crisis Management, Emergency Programs, School Safety, Planning
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Skrzypek, Candra; Bascug, Erin W.; Ball, Annahita; Kim, Wooksoo; Elze, Diane – Children & Schools, 2020
Restorative practices (RPs) are promising nonpunitive approaches to discipline in schools, yet researchers often overlook students' perspectives. The current study used a mixed-methods approach to explore RP Circle experiences of urban, low-income, and predominantly Black middle school students with attention to the diversity of their experiences…
Descriptors: Discipline, Racial Bias, Racial Differences, Gender Differences
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Blundo, Robert; Savage, Tamara Estes – Children & Schools, 2020
Chronic poverty and stressful life circumstances result in poor school performance and behaviors. Research demonstrates that these behaviors are not the result of student inadequacies and lack of proper discipline, but are rather of neurological adaptations to chronic poverty and toxic stress. These outcomes are driven by the body's attempt to…
Descriptors: Poverty, Social Influences, Neurological Organization, Stress Variables
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Kan, Marni L.; Ramirez, Derek D. – Children & Schools, 2020
Subsequent teenage births may present various challenges for teenage parents and their children. Evaluation of efforts to prevent subsequent teenage pregnancy and increase use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) have lacked investigation of the mechanisms--particularly, goal orientation and social supports--through which these efforts…
Descriptors: Early Parenthood, Pregnancy, Adolescents, Prevention
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Kopelman-Rubin, Daphne; Siegel, Alana; Weiss, Noa; Kats-Gold, Inna – Children & Schools, 2020
This study explores the relationship between emotion regulation and psychosocial difficulties among adolescents with a specific learning disorder (SLD) and examines the role of the sense of school belonging in this connection. Participants were 249 seventh- and eighth-grade students diagnosed with SLD (146 boys, 103 girls) from 11 urban public…
Descriptors: Self Control, Student School Relationship, Psychological Patterns, Adolescents
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