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Child Development6602
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Barutchu, Ayla; Fifer, Joanne M.; Shivdasani, Mohit N.; Crewther, Sheila G.; Paolini, Antonio G. – Child Development, 2020
This study assessed the developmental profile of unisensory and multisensory processes, and their contribution to children's intellectual abilities (8- and 11-year olds, N = 38, compared to adults, N = 19) using a simple audiovisual detection task and three incidental associative learning tasks with different sensory signals: visual-verbal with…
Descriptors: Multisensory Learning, Associative Learning, Intelligence Quotient, Cognitive Ability
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Amemiya, Jamie; Fine, Adam; Wang, Ming-Te – Child Development, 2020
This daily diary study examined how adolescents' institutional and teacher-specific trust predicted classroom behavioral engagement the day after being disciplined by that teacher. Within mathematics classrooms, adolescents (N = 190; M[subscript age] = 14 years) reported institutional and teacher-specific trust and then completed a 15-day diary…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), Discipline, Teacher Student Relationship, Classroom Environment
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Cortes Hidalgo, Andrea P.; Neumann, Alexander; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.; Rijlaarsdam, Jolien; Verhulst, Frank C.; White, Tonya; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Tiemeier, Henning – Child Development, 2020
The evidence for negative influences of maternal stress during pregnancy on child cognition remains inconclusive. This study tested the association between maternal prenatal stress and child intelligence in 4,251 mother-child dyads from a multiethnic population-based cohort in the Netherlands. A latent factor of prenatal stress was constructed,…
Descriptors: Prenatal Influences, Mothers, Stress Variables, Pregnancy
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Eason, Sarah H.; Ramani, Geetha B. – Child Development, 2020
This study examined parent-child math talk within three contexts (formal learning; guided play; unguided play) in order to identify characteristics of activities supporting high-quality math engagement. Seventy-two dyads of parents and 4- and 5-year-olds were observed using a set of toy foods; instructions and materials varied across conditions.…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Young Children, Mathematics Instruction, Parent Attitudes
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Kim, Young-Suk G.; Lee, Hansol; Zuilkowski, Stephanie S. – Child Development, 2020
Reading skills are foundational for daily lives, academic achievement, and careers. In this study, we systematically reviewed literacy interventions in low- and middle-income countries, and estimated their effects on children's reading skills using a meta-analytic approach. A total of 67 studies (N = 213,464) from 32 countries found in various…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Emergent Literacy, Reading Comprehension, Language Skills
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Chen, Jing; Justice, Laura M.; Rhoad-Drogalis, Anna; Lin, Tzu-Jung; Sawyer, Brook – Child Development, 2020
This study takes an ecological approach to examine how children with developmental language disorder (DLD) interact with their classmates within early childhood special education (ECSE) inclusive classrooms. Participants were 124 children with DLD, 56 children with other disabilities, and 247 typically developing children (M[subscript…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Language Impairments, Developmental Disabilities, Inclusion
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Wilkey, Eric D.; Pollack, Courtney; Price, Gavin R. – Child Development, 2020
Deficits in numerical magnitude perception characterize the mathematics learning disability developmental dyscalculia (DD), but recent studies suggest the relation stems from inhibitory control demands from incongruent visual cues in the nonsymbolic number comparison task. This study investigated the relation among magnitude perception during…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Mathematics Skills, Executive Function, Mathematics Achievement
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Zych, Izabela; Ttofi, Maria M.; Llorent, Vicente J.; Farrington, David P.; Ribeaud, Denis; Eisner, Manuel P. – Child Development, 2020
Trajectories of stability and change in bullying roles were examined through a longitudinal prospective study of 916 school students followed up biannually from age 11 to 17. Perpetrators and victims had relatively stable trajectories with most of the children remaining in the same role over time or becoming uninvolved. Bully/victim was the most…
Descriptors: Bullying, Longitudinal Studies, Victims, Secondary School Students
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Westrupp, Elizabeth M.; Reilly, Sheena; McKean, Cristina; Law, James; Mensah, Fiona; Nicholson, Jan M. – Child Development, 2020
This study investigates associations between trajectories of children's vocabulary development and subsequent behavioral and emotional difficulties via two potential mediating mechanisms; literacy and peer problems. Nationally representative data from 4,983 Australian children were used to examine trajectories of receptive vocabulary (4-5, 6-7,…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Emotional Disturbances, Receptive Language, Correlation
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Jones, Anna; Atkinson, Joanna; Marshall, Chloe; Botting, Nicola; St Clair, Michelle C.; Morgan, Gary – Child Development, 2020
Numerous studies suggest an association between language and executive function (EF), but evidence of a developmental relationship remains inconclusive. Data were collected from 75 deaf/hard-of-hearing (DHH) children and 82 hearing age-matched controls. Children were 6-11 years old at first time of testing and completed a battery of nonverbal EF…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Children
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Seider, Scott; Clark, Shelby; Graves, Daren – Child Development, 2020
Critical consciousness, the process by which individuals come to understand, analyze, and take action against systems of oppression, is associated with several positive youth outcomes. However, little research has considered how the core components of critical consciousness (critical reflection, political agency, critical action) are associated…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Minority Group Students, Grade Point Average, Political Attitudes
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Herman, Keith C.; Hodgson, Caroline G.; Eddy, Colleen L.; Cohen, Daniel R.; Reinke, Wendy M.; Burrell, Lori; Mcfarlane, Elizabeth C.; Duggan, Anne K. – Child Development, 2020
The present study investigated the role of teacher-rated likeability as a mediator of the relation between low academic competence and depressive symptoms in elementary-aged children. Analyses focused on a sample of children at risk for child maltreatment living in Hawaii (n = 380). Structural equation modeling supported the hypothesized negative…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Academic Achievement, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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Georgiou, George K.; Torppa, Minna; Landerl, Karin; Desrochers, Alain; Manolitsis, George; de Jong, Peter F.; Parrila, Rauno – Child Development, 2020
We examined the cross-lagged relations between reading and spelling in five alphabetic orthographies varying in consistency (English, French, Dutch, German, and Greek). Nine hundred and forty-one children were followed from Grade 1 to Grade 2 and were tested on word and pseudoword reading fluency and on spelling to dictation. Results indicated…
Descriptors: Correlation, Spelling, Reading Skills, English
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Dowdall, Nicholas; Melendez-Torres, G. J.; Murray, Lynne; Gardner, Frances; Hartford, Leila; Cooper, Peter J. – Child Development, 2020
Interventions that train parents to share picture books with children are seen as a strategy for supporting child language development. We conducted meta-analyses using robust variance estimation modeling on results from 19 RCTs (N[subscript total] = 2,594; M[subscript child age] = 1-6 years). Overall, book-sharing interventions had a small sized…
Descriptors: Intervention, Picture Books, Child Language, Language Acquisition
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Bailey, Drew H.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Geary, David C.; Fuchs, Douglas – Child Development, 2020
We present first-grade, second-grade, and third-grade impacts for a first-grade intervention targeting the conceptual and procedural bases that support arithmetic. At-risk students (average age at pretest = 6.5) were randomly assigned to three conditions: a control group (n = 224) and two variants of the intervention (same conceptual instruction…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Elementary School Students
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