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Child Development7025
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Andres Pinedo; Michael Frisby; Gabrielle Kubi; Victoria Vezaldenos; Matthew A. Diemer; Sara McAlister; Elise Harris – Child Development, 2024
Critical consciousness (CC) is associated with beneficial developmental outcomes among youth contending with oppression, yet we know little about how CC develops and how the three dimensions of CC (i.e., critical action, critical motivation, and critical reflection) interrelate over time. Therefore, this study employed second-order latent growth…
Descriptors: Consciousness Raising, Social Action, Motivation, Reflection
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Kathryn Christine Beck; Helene Lie Røhr; Bjørn-Atle Reme; Martin Flatø – Child Development, 2024
This study used rich individual-level registry data covering the entire Norwegian population to identify students aged 17-21 who either failed a high-stakes exit exam or who received the lowest passing grade from 2006 to 2018. Propensity score matching on high-quality observed characteristics was utilized to allow meaningful comparisons (N =…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High Stakes Tests, Late Adolescents, Academic Failure
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Sarah Leckey; Shefali Bhagath; Elliott G. Johnson; Simona Ghetti – Child Development, 2024
Memory decision-making in 26- to 32-month-olds was investigated using visual-paired comparison paradigms, requiring toddlers to select familiar stimuli (Active condition) or view familiar and novel stimuli (Passive condition). In Experiment 1 (N = 108, 54.6% female, 62% White; replication N = 98), toddlers with higher accuracy in the Active…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Child Development, Memory, Decision Making
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Lindsay Taraban; Daniel S. Shaw; Pamela A. Morris; Alan L. Mendelsohn – Child Development, 2024
Maternal sensitivity during an observed mother-child clean-up task at 18 months and maternal sensitivity during an observed mother-child free-play task at 18 months were tested as independent predictors of child internalizing symptoms, externalizing symptoms, social competence, and language development at 24 months. Participants (n = 292 mothers)…
Descriptors: Mothers, Psychological Patterns, Infants, Play
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Allison J. Williams; Judith H. Danovitch – Child Development, 2024
Across two studies, children ages 6-9 (N = 160, 82 boys, 78 girls; 75% White, 91% non-Hispanic) rated an inaccurate expert's knowledge and provided explanations for the expert's inaccurate statements. In Study 1, children's knowledge ratings decreased as he provided more inaccurate information. Ratings were predicted by age (i.e., older children…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Child Development, Decision Making, Children
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Francis Vergunst; Frank Vitaro; Mara Brendgen; Marie-Pier Larose; Alain Girard; Richard E. Tremblay; Sylvana M. Côté – Child Development, 2024
Childhood behavior problems are associated with reduced labor market participation and lower earnings in adulthood, but little is known about the pathways and mechanisms that explain these associations. Drawing on a 33-year prospective birth cohort of White males from low-income backgrounds (n = 1040), we conducted a path analysis linking…
Descriptors: Males, Low Income, Whites, Child Behavior
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Christopher L. Gys; Stephanie L. Haft; Qing Zhou – Child Development, 2024
The present study examined associations between sociocultural factors and self-regulation (parent-report, teacher-report, laboratory tasks), and prospective relations between self-regulation and behavioral adjustment (parent-, teacher-, child-report) in a socioeconomically diverse sample of Chinese American children in immigrant families (N = 258,…
Descriptors: Social Influences, Cultural Influences, Self Control, Student Behavior
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Sharon Faur; Olivia Valdes; Frank Vitaro; Mara Brendgen; Michel Boivin; Brett Laursen – Child Development, 2024
According to the failure model (Patterson & Capaldi, 1990), peer rejection is the intermediary link between problem behaviors and internalizing symptoms. The present study tested the model with 464 monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twin pairs (234 female, 230 male dyads). Teacher-reported reactive aggression and internalizing symptoms, and…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Genetics, Aggression, Rejection (Psychology)
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Or Dagan; Carlo Schuengel; Marije L. Verhage; Sheri Madigan; Glenn I. Roisman; Kristin Bernard; Robbie Duschinsky; Marian Bakermans-Kranenburg; Jean-François Bureau; Abraham Sagi-Schwartz; Rina D. Eiden; Maria S. Wong; Geoffrey L. Brown; Isabel Soares; Mirjam Oosterman; R. M. Pasco Fearon; Howard Steele; Carla Martins; Ora Aviezer – Child Development, 2024
An individual participant data meta-analysis was conducted to test pre-registered hypotheses about how the configuration of attachment relationships to mothers and fathers predicts children's language competence. Data from seven studies (published between 1985 and 2014) including 719 children (M[subscript age]: 19.84 months; 51% female; 87% White)…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Attachment Behavior, Fathers, Mothers
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Michiko Sakaki; Kou Murayama; Anne C. Frenzel; Thomas Goetz; Herbert W. Marsh; Stephanie Lichtenfeld; Reinhard Pekrun – Child Development, 2024
This study examined how adolescents' emotions in mathematics develop over time. Growth curve modeling was applied to longitudinal data collected annually from 2002 to 2006 (Grades 5-9; N = 3425 German adolescents; M[subscript age] = 11.7, 15.6 years at the first and last waves, respectively; 50.0% female). Results indicated that enjoyment and…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Psychological Patterns, Adolescents, Grade 5
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Rebecca Zhu; Alison Gopnik – Child Development, 2024
Three preregistered experiments, conducted in 2021, investigated whether English-speaking American preschoolers (N = 120; 4-6 years; 54 females, predominantly White) and adults (N = 80; 18-52 years; 59 females, predominantly Asian) metonymically extend owners' names to owned objects--an extension not typically found in English. In Experiment 1, 5-…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Adults, English, Young Children
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Xinyin Chen; Jiaxi Zhou; Dan Li; Junsheng Liu; Minghao Zhang; Shujie Zheng; Xianguo Han – Child Development, 2024
The present study examined relations between concern for mianzi, or the social perception of one's prestige and standing in the group, and adjustment in Chinese adolescents. Participants were seventh- and ninth-grade students in rural and urban regions of China (n = 794, M[subscript age] = 14 years). Data were obtained from multiple sources…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, Urban Schools, Rural Urban Differences, Social Status
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Hannah L. Whitehead; Mary-Claire Ball; Henry Brice; Sharon Wolf; Samuel Kembou; Amy Ogan; Kaja K. Jasinska – Child Development, 2024
Literacy and numeracy are correlated throughout development, however, our understanding of this relation is limited. We explored the predictors of literacy and numeracy covariance (i.e., shared fluency between literacy and numeracy) in children (N = 1167, girls = 563) in rural Côte d'Ivoire, with specific focus on how developmental timing of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Rural Education, Age, Children
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Jessica A. R. Logan; Shayne B. Piasta; Kelly M. Purtell; Robert Nichols; Rachel E. Schachter – Child Development, 2024
In this preregistered study, we used latent change score models to address two research aims: (1) whether preschool-aged children's language gains, over a year of early childhood education, were associated with later performance on state-mandated, literacy-focused kindergarten readiness and Grade 3 reading achievement assessments; and (2) whether…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Grade 3, Reading Readiness, School Readiness
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Patrick W. C. Lau; Huiqi Song; Di Song; Jing-Jing Wang; Shanshan Zhen; Lei Shi; Rongjun Yu – Child Development, 2024
This cross-sectional study explored the relationship between 24-hour movement behaviors and executive function (EF) in preschool children. A total of 426 Han Chinese preschoolers (231 males; 3.8 ± 0.6 years old) from Zhuhai, Guangdong Province, China were selected from October 2021 to December 2021. Accelerometers were used to measure physical…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Motion, Preschool Children, Physical Activity Level
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