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Rhodes, Marjorie; Leslie, Sarah-Jane; Bianchi, Lydia; Chalik, Lisa – Child Development, 2018
Classifying people into categories not only helps humans simplify a complex social world but also contributes to stereotyping and discrimination. This research examines how social categorization develops by testing how language imbues with meaning otherwise arbitrary differences between people. Experimental studies (N = 129) with 2-year-olds…
Descriptors: Classification, Language Role, Stereotypes, Toddlers
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Moore, Kara N.; Lampinen, James M.; Gallo, David A.; Adams, Eryn J.; Bridges, Ana J. – Child Development, 2018
This is the first reported study of children's use of two metacognitive strategies, recollection rejection and diagnostic monitoring, to reject misinformation. Recollection rejection involves the retrieval of details that disqualify an event, whereas diagnostic monitoring involves the failure to retrieve expected details. First (n = 56, age…
Descriptors: Children, Memory, Grade 1, Grade 3
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Plate, Rista C.; Fulvio, Jacqueline M.; Shutts, Kristin; Green, C. Shawn; Pollak, Seth D. – Child Development, 2018
Individuals track probabilities, such as associations between events in their environments, but less is known about the degree to which experience--within a learning session and over development--influences people's use of incoming probabilistic information to guide behavior in real time. In two experiments, children (4-11 years) and adults…
Descriptors: Child Development, Children, Young Children, Change Strategies
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Ellis, Wendy; Zarbatany, Lynne; Chen, Xinyin; Kinal, Megan; Boyko, Lisa – Child Development, 2018
Peer group interactional style was examined as a moderator of the relation between peer group school misconduct and group members' school misconduct. Participants were 705 students (M[subscript age] = 11.59 years, SD = 1.37) in 148 peer groups. Children reported on their school misconduct in fall and spring. In the winter, group members were…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Task Analysis, Group Membership, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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George, Madeleine J.; Russell, Michael A.; Piontak, Joy R.; Odgers, Candice L. – Child Development, 2018
Adolescents are spending an unprecedented amount of time using digital technologies (especially mobile technologies), and there are concerns that adolescents' constant connectivity is associated with poor mental health, particularly among at-risk adolescents. Participants included 151 adolescents at risk for mental health problems (M[subscript…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Adolescents, Mental Health, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Sage, Cindy; Burgio, Ernesto – Child Development, 2018
Mobile phones and other wireless devices that produce electromagnetic fields (EMF) and pulsed radiofrequency radiation (RFR) are widely documented to cause potentially harmful health impacts that can be detrimental to young people. New epigenetic studies are profiled in this review to account for some neurodevelopmental and neurobehavioral changes…
Descriptors: Child Development, Genetics, Telecommunications, Handheld Devices
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Kurkul, Katelyn E.; Corriveau, Kathleen H. – Child Development, 2018
This study explored differences in caregiver-child interactions following children's information-seeking questions. Naturalistic speech from thirty-seven 4-year-olds and their caregivers was used to explore children's information-seeking questions, the caregiver's response, and children's subsequent follow-up. Half of the families were…
Descriptors: Caregiver Child Relationship, Information Seeking, Questioning Techniques, Child Language
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Law, James; Rush, Robert; King, Tom; Westrupp, Elizabeth; Reilly, Sheena – Child Development, 2018
Oral language development is a key outcome of elementary school, and it is important to identify factors that predict it most effectively. Commonly researchers use ordinary least squares regression with conclusions restricted to average performance conditional on relevant covariates. Quantile regression offers a more sophisticated alternative.…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Family Environment, Intervention, Television Viewing
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McClure, Elisabeth R.; Chentsova-Dutton, Yulia E.; Holochwost, Steven J.; Parrott, W. G.; Barr, Rachel – Child Development, 2018
Although many relatives use video chat to keep in touch with toddlers, key features of adult-toddler interaction like joint visual attention (JVA) may be compromised in this context. In this study, 25 families with a child between 6 and 24 months were observed using video chat at home with geographically separated grandparents. We define two types…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Child Development, Social Development
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Grimes, David Robert; Bishop, Dorothy V. M. – Child Development, 2018
Exposure to nonionizing radiation used in wireless communication remains a contentious topic in the public mind--while the overwhelming scientific evidence to date suggests that microwave and radio frequencies used in modern communications are safe, public apprehension remains considerable. A recent article in "Child Development" has…
Descriptors: Guidelines, Child Development, Radiation, Telecommunications
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Jasinska, Kaja K.; Petitto, Laura-Ann – Child Development, 2018
Bilingual children's reading as a function of age of first bilingual language exposure (AoE) was examined. Bilingual (varied AoE) and monolingual children (N = 421) were compared in their English language and reading abilities (6-10 years) using phonological awareness, semantic knowledge, and reading tasks. Structural equation modeling was applied…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Semantics, Reading Skills, Phonological Awareness
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Shapka, Jennifer D.; Onditi, Hezron Z.; Collie, Rebecca J.; Lapidot-Lefler, Noam – Child Development, 2018
This study explored cyberbullying and cybervictimization (CBCV), for adolescents aged 11-15 from Tanzania (N = 426) and Canada (N = 592). Measurement invariance and model invariance was found for CBCV. In addition, multigroup structural equation modeling was used to explore several variables: age, gender, average hours online each day, accessing…
Descriptors: Victims, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Foreign Countries
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Casey, Beth M.; Lombardi, Caitlin M.; Thomson, Dana; Nguyen, Hoa Nha; Paz, Melissa; Theriault, Cote A.; Dearing, Eric – Child Development, 2018
The primary goal in this study was to examine maternal support of numerical concepts at 36 months as predictors of math achievement at 4.5 and 6-7 years. Observational measures of mother-child interactions (n = 140) were used to examine type of support for numerical concepts. Maternal support that involved labeling the quantities of sets of…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Young Children
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Hardell, Lennart – Child Development, 2018
The use of digital technology has grown rapidly during the last couple of decades. During use, mobile phones and cordless phones emit radiofrequency (RF) radiation. No previous generation has been exposed during childhood and adolescence to this kind of radiation. The brain is the main target organ for RF emissions from the handheld wireless…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Telecommunications, Children, Adolescents
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Chor, Elise – Child Development, 2018
One-quarter of the Head Start population has a mother who participated in the program as a child. This study uses experimental Head Start Impact Study (HSIS) data on 3- and 4-year-olds (N = 2,849) to describe multigenerational Head Start families and their program experiences. In sharp contrast to full-sample HSIS findings, Head Start has large,…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Mothers, Social Development
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