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Khan, Anowra; Malik, Tamkeen Ashraf; Ahmed, Shaf; Riaz, Ayesha – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Pakistan is a Lower and Middle Income Country with a scarcity of resources for mental health services but high prevalence of mental health problems particularly anxiety and depression. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been deemed an empirically supported treatment for anxiety disorders among children, but evidence is lacking from…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Health Services, Coping, Anxiety
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Gaastra, Geraldina F.; Groen, Yvonne; Tucha, Lara; Tucha, Oliver – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Effectiveness studies indicate various classroom management strategies (CMSs) that are helpful for students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but little is known about teachers' experiences with these CMSs in school practice. Objective: This study examined primary and secondary school teachers' reported frequency of…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Evidence Based Practice, Comparative Analysis
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Visser, K. M.; van Gink, K.; Thissen, F.; Visser, T. A.; Rimehaug, T.; Jansen, L. C. M.; Popma, A. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Monitoring the implementation of new interventions, as in this study Non-violent Resistance (NVR) for the use in residential youth care settings, is mandatory in order to evaluate, adjust and refine the implementation process where necessary. Objective: As there is no instrument for such monitoring of NVR available, the authors…
Descriptors: Resistance (Psychology), Responses, Questionnaires, Intervention
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Spencer, Renée; Gowdy, Grace; Drew, Alison L.; McCormack, Martha J.; Keller, Thomas E. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Although early closure of formal youth mentoring relationships has recently begun to receive some attention, more information about factors that contribute to premature endings, and how those factors interact, is needed so that empirically-based program practices can be developed and disseminated to prevent such endings and to ensure…
Descriptors: Mentors, Models, Youth, Interpersonal Relationship
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Chen, Xueyi; Tian, Lili; Huebner, E. Scott – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: The development of prosocial behavior is a significant aspect of children's social well-being. From the perspective of positive psychology, subjective well-being (SWB) "in school" is likely a particularly relevant construct in elementary school-aged children's prosocial development. Research on the relation between SWB in…
Descriptors: Well Being, Prosocial Behavior, Elementary School Students, Children
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Iotti, Nathalie Ophelia; Thornberg, Robert; Longobardi, Claudio; Jungert, Tomas – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: School bullying is a widespread phenomenon across the world, which involves bystanders who take on various roles. Motivation to defend victims is important to investigate because it helps us devise better, evidence-based, anti-bullying interventions. Objective: We aimed to determine whether students' behavioral and emotional strengths…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Emotional Disturbances, Behavior Problems, Teacher Student Relationship
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Kim, Jinho – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Despite a vast literature linking in-home firearm access to youth suicides, few studies have examined whether and how "gaining" access to household firearms shapes adolescents' development of suicidal ideation. Objective: This study examined whether gaining access to household firearms among U.S. adolescents is associated…
Descriptors: Suicide, Adolescents, Child Abuse, Weapons
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Garibaldi, Patricia M.; Abel, Madelaine R.; Snow, Rachel L.; Schleider, Jessica L. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Parents' personal psychotherapy experiences can shape their expectancies of mental health treatment for themselves and offspring. For instance, parents with negative psychotherapy experiences may view mental health treatment as less likely to be helpful--and seek treatment at lower rates--for themselves and their children. However,…
Descriptors: Psychotherapy, Mental Health, Outcomes of Treatment, Parent Attitudes
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Azad, Azade; Ginner Hau, Hanna – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Research has established a strong relationship between education and later life outcomes, where the connection between different school problems and delinquency have been widely acknowledged. These studies have often sampled male juvenile offenders exhibiting extensive and/or persistent delinquency. Less is known about the educational…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Females, Delinquency, Educational Attainment
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Hong, Jun Sung; Williams-Butler, Abigail B.; Garthe, Rachel C.; Kim, Jinwon; Voisin, Dexter R. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Peer victimization is experienced by an alarming number of youth. A variety of coping strategies may be used by youth to avoid the risk of peer victimization, including behaviors such as avoidance, displaying a tough demeanor, defensive behaviors, establishing a reputation, and forming affiliations with family and community members.…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Victims, Coping, African Americans
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Biggs, Bridget K.; Tolleson, Ellen; Millerbernd, Jodi; Bronars, Carrie; Meiers, Sonja J.; Slowiak, Kathleen; Olson, Molly; Lebow, Jocelyn; Ridgeway, Jennifer L.; Patten, Christi A.; Clark, Matthew M.; Sia, Irene G.; Wieland, Mark L. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Prevalence and consequences of obesity and sedentary lifestyle are well-documented public health concerns for youth in the United States of America (USA) that disproportionally affect children from low income and minority families. Objective: This mixed-method study focused on estimating levels of physical activity and sedentary…
Descriptors: Obesity, Life Style, Physical Activity Level, Health Behavior
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Riser, Quentin H.; Rouse, Heather L.; Choi, Ji Young; Ku, Seulki – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Despite rich cultural, lingual, and tribal assets, American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) children experience suboptimal educational outcomes that start before kindergarten entry. Evidence suggests that home literacy activities may be supportive of developmental outcomes within this population, but these home literacy activities have…
Descriptors: Family Literacy, American Indian Education, American Indians, Family Environment
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Tirrell, Jonathan M.; Dowling, Elizabeth M.; Gansert, Patricia; Buckingham, Mary; Wong, Caitlin A.; Suzuki, Sara; Naliaka, Catherine; Kibbedi, Patience; Namurinda, Emmanuel; Williams, Kate; Geldhof, G. John; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; King, Pamela Ebstyne; Sim, Alistair T. R.; Lerner, Richard M. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: When delivered in a safe space, programs effective in promoting positive youth development (PYD) involve key features termed the Big Three: (1) Positive and sustained adult-youth relationships; (2) Life-skill-building activities; and (3) Opportunities for youth contribution and leadership. However, no measures exist in the literature…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Youth Programs, Skill Development, Program Evaluation
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Johnston, Oliver G.; Derella, Olivia J.; Gold, Melanie A.; Burke, Jeffrey D. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Most families of children with behavior problems do access treatment. Objective: The purpose of this study was to test a parental measure of readiness to seek help for their child's behavior problems. Method: Data was collected annually from 148 parents at their child's first contact with either mental health services or juvenile…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Parent Participation, Help Seeking, Child Behavior
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Mishra, Aura Ankita; Schwab-Reese, Laura M.; Murfree, Lauren V. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2020
Background: Out of home placement (OOHP) of welfare involved children is a critical problem associated with child abuse and neglect and household dysfunction. Few studies have also implicated greater instability in OOHP with more negative outcomes. However, several gaps remain. Objectives: Objectives were twofold. To identify combinations of…
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Placement, Early Experience, Adolescents
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