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Rodriguez, Jon-Marc G.; Bain, Kinsey; Hux, Nicholas P.; Towns, Marcy H. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Problem solving is a critical feature of highly quantitative physical science topics, such as chemical kinetics. In order to solve a problem, students must cue into relevant features, ignore irrelevant features, and choose among potential problem-solving approaches. However, what is considered appropriate or productive for problem solving is…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Problem Solving, Chemistry, Kinetics
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Hill, Michelle A.; Overton, Tina L.; Thompson, Christopher D.; Kitson, Russell R. A.; Coppo, Paolo – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Employers of chemistry graduates are seeking a range of transferable skills from prospective employees, and academics are increasingly seeking to build employability skill development opportunities into the undergraduate curriculum. However, research suggests that undergraduates do not recognise or value such skill development without prompting.…
Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Undergraduate Students, Science Process Skills
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DeCocq, Victoria; Bhattacharyya, Gautam – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
We report our qualitative study of twenty-four students enrolled in the second-semester of a second-year undergraduate (sophomore-level) organic chemistry course, Organic Two. We asked the research participants to propose the product and electron-pushing mechanism of elementary mechanistic steps in the absence and presence of the corresponding…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Undergraduate Students, College Science, Teaching Methods
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Bain, Kinsey; Rodriguez, Jon-Marc G.; Moon, Alena; Towns, Marcy H. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
Chemical kinetics is a highly quantitative content area that involves the use of multiple mathematical representations to model processes and is a context that is under-investigated in the literature. This qualitative study explored undergraduate student integration of chemistry and mathematics during problem solving in the context of chemical…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Qualitative Research, Undergraduate Students
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Caspari, I.; Weinrich, M. L.; Sevian, H.; Graulich, N. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
If an organic chemistry student explains that she represents a mechanistic step because ''it's a productive part of the mechanism,'' what meaning could the professor teaching the class attribute to this statement, what is actually communicated, and what does it mean for the student? The professor might think that the explanation is based on…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Abstract Reasoning, Science Process Skills, Scientific Attitudes
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Sevian, Hannah; Couture, Steven – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
Problem solving is lauded as beneficial, but students do not all learn well by solving problems. Using the resources framework, Tuminaro J., and Redish E. F., (2007), Elements of a cognitive model of physics problem solving: Epistemic games, "Physical Review Special Topics-Physics Education Research," 3(2), 020101 suggested that, for…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Physics, Science Instruction, Educational Games
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Segedinac, M. T.; Horvat, S.; Rodic, D. D.; Roncevic, T. N.; Savic, G. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
This paper proposes a novel application of knowledge space theory for identifying discrepancies between the knowledge structure that experts expect students to have and the real knowledge structure that students demonstrate on tests. The proposed approach combines two methods of constructing knowledge spaces. The expected knowledge space is…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Knowledge Level, Problem Solving
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Popova, Maia; Bretz, Stacey Lowery – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
Organic chemistry students struggle with understanding the energetics of chemical reactions. Reaction coordinate diagrams are one tool that is widely used in organic chemistry classrooms to assist students with visualizing and explaining the energy changes that take place throughout a reaction. Thirty-six students enrolled in organic chemistry II…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Organic Chemistry, Knowledge Level, Scientific Concepts
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Eren-Sisman, E. N.; Cigdemoglu, C.; Geban, O. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
This study aims to compare the effectiveness of a Peer-Led Team Learning (PLTL) model with that of traditional college instruction (TCI) in enhancing the conceptual understanding and reducing both the state anxiety and social anxiety of undergraduate engineering students in a general chemistry course in a quasi-experimental design. 128 engineering…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Anxiety, Engineering Education, Quasiexperimental Design
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Stanich, Cynthia A.; Pelch, Michael A.; Theobald, Elli J.; Freeman, Scott – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
To help students who traditionally underperform in general chemistry, we created a supplementary instruction (SI) course and called it the STEM-Dawgs Workshops. These workshops are an extension of the Peer-led Team Learning (PLTL) SI. In addition to peer-facilitated problem-solving, we incorporated two components inspired by learning sciences: (1)…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, STEM Education, Workshops
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Weinrich, M. L.; Sevian, H. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2017
Students often struggle with solving mechanism problems in organic chemistry courses. They frequently focus on surface features, have difficulty attributing meaning to symbols, and do not recognize tasks that are different from the exact tasks practiced. To be more successful, students need to be able to extract salient features, map similarities…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Organic Chemistry, Problem Solving, Scientific Concepts
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Harsh, Joseph; Esteb, John J.; Maltese, Adam V. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2017
National calls in science, technology, engineering, and technology education reform efforts have advanced the wide-scale engagement of students in undergraduate research for the preparation of a workforce and citizenry able to attend to the challenges of the 21st century. Awareness of the potential benefits and costs of these experiences has led…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Undergraduate Students, Student Research
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Yuriev, Elizabeth; Naidu, Som; Schembri, Luke S.; Short, Jennifer L. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2017
To scaffold the development of problem-solving skills in chemistry, chemistry educators are exploring a variety of instructional techniques. In this study, we have designed, implemented, and evaluated a problem-solving workflow--''Goldilocks Help''. This workflow builds on work done in the field of problem solving in chemistry and provides…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Problem Solving, Skill Development
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Akkuzu, Nalan; Uyulgan, Melis Arzu – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2017
The current study examines the performance and achievement of students in the Systematic Qualitative Analyses of Cations (SQACs). We sought answers to questions such as, "What are the students' levels of performance?" and "What is the relation between the average scores for performance and achievement?." This was done by using…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Qualitative Research, Science Achievement, Inquiry
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Ouasri, Ali – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2017
This paper investigates the difficulties that Moroccan pupils (18-19) of the second Baccalaureate year encountered in solving chemical equilibrium problems relating to ethanoate ions' reactivity with water and methanoic acid, and to copper-aluminum cells. The pupils were asked to provide answers to questions derived from two problems. The…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Late Adolescents, Chemistry, Science Instruction
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