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Blanden, Jo; Hansen, Kirstine; McNally, Sandra – Centre for Economic Performance, 2017
Childcare quality is often thought to be important for influencing children's subsequent attainment at school. The English Government regulates the quality of early education by setting minimum levels of qualifications for workers and grading settings based on a national Inspectorate (OfSTED). This paper uses administrative data on over two…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Care, Educational Quality, Quality Control
Bertoni, Marco; Gibbons, Stephen; Silva, Olmo – Centre for Economic Performance, 2017
Education policy worldwide has sought to incentivize school improvement and facilitate pupil-school matching by introducing reforms that promote autonomy and choice. Understanding the way in which families form preferences during these periods of reform is crucial for evaluating the impact of such policies. We study the effects on choice of a…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Educational Improvement, Change Strategies, School Choice
Murphy, Richard; Wyness, Gill – Centre for Economic Performance, 2016
Inequalities do not end once students enter higher education. Yet, the majority of papers on the effectiveness of higher education aid examine its impact on college enrolment. In this paper, we provide evidence on the causal impact of means-tested but otherwise unconditional financial aid on the outcomes of students who have already enrolled in…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Graduation, Foreign Countries, Cost Effectiveness
De Philippis, Marta – Centre for Economic Performance, 2016
Increasing the number of Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) university graduates is considered a key element for long-term productivity and competitiveness in the global economy. Still, little is known about what actually drives and shapes students' choices. This paper focusses on secondary school students at the very top of the…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Secondary School Curriculum, Secondary School Students, Access to Education
Eyles, Andrew; Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra – Centre for Economic Performance, 2016
The change of government in 2010 provoked a large structural change in the English education landscape. Unexpectedly, the new government offered primary schools the chance to have "the freedom and the power to take control of their own destiny", with better performing schools given a green light to convert to become an academy school on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Schools, Educational Change, Institutional Autonomy
Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra; Viarengo, Martina – Centre for Economic Performance, 2016
Significant numbers of people have very low levels of literacy in many OECD countries and, because of this, face significant labour market penalties. Despite this, it remains unclear what teaching strategies are most useful for actually rectifying literacy deficiencies. The subject remains hugely controversial amongst educationalists and has…
Descriptors: Literacy, Teaching Methods, Literacy Education, Reading Instruction
Marie, Olivier; Zölitz, Ulf – Centre for Economic Performance, 2015
This paper investigates how legal cannabis access affects student performance. Identification comes from an exceptional policy introduced in the city of Maastricht which discriminated legal access based on individuals' nationality. We apply a difference-in-difference approach using administrative panel data on over 54,000 course grades of local…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Grades (Scholastic)
McNally, Sandra – Centre for Economic Performance, 2015
England's performance in international tests of student achievement continues to be disappointing. Further improvement is essential not only for students' themselves but also for economic growth. This briefing considers the impact of Academies, school spending and teacher quality. Research evidence suggests that it is right to protect school…
Descriptors: Evidence, Academic Achievement, Performance Based Assessment, International Education
Terrier, Camille – Centre for Economic Performance, 2015
This paper tests if gender-discrimination in grading affects pupils' achievements and course choices. I use a unique dataset containing grades given by teachers, scores obtained anonymously by pupils at different ages, and their course choice during high school. Based on double-differences, the identification of the gender bias in grades suggests…
Descriptors: Gender Discrimination, Gender Bias, Grades (Scholastic), Grading
Wyness, Gill – Centre for Economic Performance, 2015
The United Kingdom (UK) has dramatically increased the supply of graduates over the last four decades. The university system has successfully produced a huge increase in mass higher education over the last 40 years to meet an increased demand for skilled workers. It is one of the UK's most successful export industries in terms of attracting…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Paying for College, Higher Education, Tuition
Ruiz-Valenzuela, Jenifer – Centre for Economic Performance, 2015
This paper studies the effect of parental job loss on children's school performance during the Great Recession in Spain, using an original panel dataset for students observed since the beginning of the crisis in a school in the province of Barcelona. By using fixed effects, this paper is more likely to deal with the problem of selection into…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Economic Climate, Job Layoff, Parents
De Philippis, Marta – Centre for Economic Performance, 2015
This paper evaluates the behavioural responses of multitask agents to the provision of incentives skewed towards one task only. In particular it studies the case of strong research incentives for university professors and it analyzes their effects on the way university faculty members allocate effort between teaching and quantity and quality of…
Descriptors: Incentives, College Faculty, Teacher Researchers, Time Management
Blanden, Joanne; Del Bono, Emilia; McNally, Sandra; Rabe, Birgitta – Centre for Economic Performance, 2015
This paper studies the effect of free pre-school education on child outcomes in primary school. We exploit the staggered implementation of free part-time pre-school for three-year-olds across Local Education Authorities in England in the early 2000s. The policy led to small improvements in attainment at age five, with no apparent benefits by age…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Educational Finance, Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Education
Eyles, Andrew; Machin, Stephen; Silva, Olmo – Centre for Economic Performance, 2015
The English education system has undergone a large restructuring programme through the introduction of academy schools. The most salient feature of these schools is that, despite remaining part of the state sector, they operate with more autonomy than the predecessor schools they replace. Two distinct time periods of academy school introduction…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Public Schools, School Based Management, Institutional Autonomy
Eyles, Andrew; Machin, Stephen – Centre for Economic Performance, 2015
We study the origins of what has become one of the most radical and encompassing programmes of school reform seen in the recent past amongst advanced countries--the introduction of academy schools to English secondary education. Academies are state schools that are allowed to run in an autonomous manner which is free from local authority control.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Educational Practices, Educational Development
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