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Maurer, Stephan; Schwerdt, Guido; Wiederhold, Simon – Centre for Economic Performance, 2023
We study whether female students benefit from being taught by female professors, and whether such gender match effects differ by class size. We use administrative records of a German public university, covering all programs and courses between 2006 and 2018. We find that gender match effects on student performance are sizable in smaller classes,…
Descriptors: Role Models, Females, Sex, Foreign Countries
Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra; Ruiz-Valenzuela, Jenifer – Centre for Economic Performance, 2023
A very small number of young people enter youth custody between age 16 and 18 (about 4 in 1000 males), yet the consequences are severe. They spend an average of 7 months in youth custody and such incarceration has been related to negative outcomes in the longer term even if they can establish themselves in the labour market. In this paper, we…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Juvenile Justice, Institutionalized Persons, Child Custody
Blanden, Jo; Doepke, Matthias; Stuhler, Jan – Centre for Economic Performance, 2022
This paper provides new evidence on educational inequality and reviews the literature on the causes and consequences of unequal education. We document large achievement gaps between children from different socio-economic backgrounds, show how patterns of educational inequality vary across countries, time, and generations, and establish a link…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Socioeconomic Status, Social Mobility, Economic Factors
Briole, Simon; Gurgand, Marc; Maurin, Éric; McNally, Sandra; Ruiz-Valenzuela, Jenifer; Santín, Daniel – Centre for Economic Performance, 2022
With the rise of polarization and extremism, the question of how best to transmit civic virtues across generations is more acute than ever. In this paper, we test the hypothesis that schools can be the place for this transmission by empowering students and gathering them around concrete and democratically chosen objectives. We draw on an RCT…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Values Education, Middle School Students, Student Centered Learning
Genakos, Christos; Kyrkopoulou, Eleni – Centre for Economic Performance, 2022
Policy makers frequently use education as a welfare policy instrument. We examine one such case, where students from large and financially constrained families, were given the opportunity to be transferred to university departments in their hometown as part of the social policy of the Ministry of Education in Greece. Multiple law changes meant…
Descriptors: Public Policy, Educational Policy, College Transfer Students, Foreign Countries
Dittmar, Jeremiah; Meisenzahl, Ralf R. – Centre for Economic Performance, 2022
We examine the role of universities in knowledge production and industrial change using historical evidence. Political shocks led to a profound pro-science shift in German universities around 1800. To study the consequences, we construct novel microdata. We find that invention and manufacturing developed similarly in cities closer to and farther…
Descriptors: Research Universities, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Scientific Attitudes
Bietenbeck, Jan; Leibing, Andreas; Marcus, Jan; Weinhardt, Felix – Centre for Economic Performance, 2022
Following a landmark court ruling in 2005, more than half of Germany's universities started charging tuition fees, which were subsequently abolished until 2015. We exploit the unusual lack of grandfathering in these policies to show that fees increase study effort and degree completion among incumbent students. However, fees also decrease…
Descriptors: Tuition, Student Costs, Educational Policy, Educational Attainment
Major, Lee Elliot; Eyles, Andrew; Machin, Stephen – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
Empirical analysis of secondary microdata, bespoke social mobility surveys and administrative school attendance data reveal the extent of learning losses that have evolved in the four nations of the UK over the year of the pandemic. They are sizable in all four nations, with a common feature of disadvantaged pupils suffering particularly large…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Achievement Gains, Disadvantaged Youth
Terrier, Camille; Pathak, Parag A.; Ren, Kevin – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
Countries and cities around the world increasingly rely on centralized systems to assign students to schools. Two algorithms, deferred acceptance (DA) and immediate acceptance (IA), are widespread. The latter is often criticized for harming disadvantaged families who fail to get access to popular schools. This paper investigates the effect of the…
Descriptors: Admission (School), Socioeconomic Status, Low Income Students, Social Differences
Valero, Anna – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
The empirical management literature has found that the education of both managers and the workforce more generally appears to be an important driver of better management practices. This article sets out how such relationships might be conceptualised, and suggests that in a complementarities framework, modern management practices can be thought of…
Descriptors: Administration, Human Capital, Education, Correlation
Clark, Andrew E.; Cotofan, Maria; Layard, Richard – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
Which occupations are best for wellbeing? There is a large literature on earnings differentials, but less attention has been paid to occupational differences in non-pecuniary rewards. However, information on both types of rewards is needed to understand the dispersion of wellbeing across occupations. We analyse subjective wellbeing in a large…
Descriptors: Well Being, Occupations, Foreign Countries, Income
Azmat, Ghazala; Kaufmann, Katja – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
We exploit a large exogenous shock to study the determinants of college attendance and the role played by one's environment. We analyze whether, and how quickly, adolescents' college plans are adapted, explore factors leading to the adjustment, and examine how these factors ultimately impact later educational attainment. Using differences across…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Adjustment (to Environment), Academic Aspiration
Valero, Anna – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
This paper summarises the literature that has linked education and economic growth. It begins with an overview of the key concepts in neoclassical and endogenous growth models, and discussion on how these have been tested in the data. Issues with respect to specification, the measurement of human capital and causality are discussed, together with…
Descriptors: Economic Progress, Human Capital, Educational Attainment, Productivity
Fuller, Joe; Hansen, Stephen; Ramdas, Tejas; Sadun, Raffaella – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
We use a unique corpus of job descriptions for C-suite positions to document skills requirements in top managerial occupations across a large sample of firms. A novel algorithm maps the text of each executive search into six separate skill clusters reflecting cognitive, interpersonal, and operational dimensions. The data show an increasing…
Descriptors: Occupational Information, Job Skills, Administrators, Administration
McNally, Sandra – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
The share of women achieving tertiary education has increased rapidly over time and now exceeds that of men in most OECD countries. However, women are severely under-represented in maths-intensive science fields, which are generally referred to as STEM (science, technology, engineering, and maths). The under-representation of women in these…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Higher Education, Postsecondary Education, STEM Education
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