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Valero, Anna – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
The empirical management literature has found that the education of both managers and the workforce more generally appears to be an important driver of better management practices. This article sets out how such relationships might be conceptualised, and suggests that in a complementarities framework, modern management practices can be thought of…
Descriptors: Administration, Human Capital, Education, Correlation
Clark, Andrew E.; Cotofan, Maria; Layard, Richard – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
Which occupations are best for wellbeing? There is a large literature on earnings differentials, but less attention has been paid to occupational differences in non-pecuniary rewards. However, information on both types of rewards is needed to understand the dispersion of wellbeing across occupations. We analyse subjective wellbeing in a large…
Descriptors: Well Being, Occupations, Foreign Countries, Income
Major, Lee Elliot; Eyles, Andrew; Machin, Stephen – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
Empirical analysis of secondary microdata, bespoke social mobility surveys and administrative school attendance data reveal the extent of learning losses that have evolved in the four nations of the UK over the year of the pandemic. They are sizable in all four nations, with a common feature of disadvantaged pupils suffering particularly large…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Achievement Gains, Disadvantaged Youth
Azmat, Ghazala; Kaufmann, Katja – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
We exploit a large exogenous shock to study the determinants of college attendance and the role played by one's environment. We analyze whether, and how quickly, adolescents' college plans are adapted, explore factors leading to the adjustment, and examine how these factors ultimately impact later educational attainment. Using differences across…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Adjustment (to Environment), Academic Aspiration
Valero, Anna – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
This paper summarises the literature that has linked education and economic growth. It begins with an overview of the key concepts in neoclassical and endogenous growth models, and discussion on how these have been tested in the data. Issues with respect to specification, the measurement of human capital and causality are discussed, together with…
Descriptors: Economic Progress, Human Capital, Educational Attainment, Productivity
Terrier, Camille; Pathak, Parag A.; Ren, Kevin – Centre for Economic Performance, 2021
Countries and cities around the world increasingly rely on centralized systems to assign students to schools. Two algorithms, deferred acceptance (DA) and immediate acceptance (IA), are widespread. The latter is often criticized for harming disadvantaged families who fail to get access to popular schools. This paper investigates the effect of the…
Descriptors: Admission (School), Socioeconomic Status, Low Income Students, Social Differences
McNally, Sandra – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
The share of women achieving tertiary education has increased rapidly over time and now exceeds that of men in most OECD countries. However, women are severely under-represented in maths-intensive science fields, which are generally referred to as STEM (science, technology, engineering, and maths). The under-representation of women in these…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Higher Education, Postsecondary Education, STEM Education
Beatton, Tony; Kidd, Michael P.; Sandi, Matteo – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
This paper studies the impact of compulsory schooling on violent behaviour and victimization in school using individual-level administrative data matching education and criminal records from Queensland (Australia). Exploiting a legislative increase in the minimum dropout age in 2006, this study defines a series of regression-discontinuity…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Violence, Victims, Discipline
Eyles, Andy; Gibbons, Stephen; Montebruno, Piero – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
Evidence from unexpected temporary school closures and reduced instruction time suggests school closures will reduce educational achievement, both in the short and long term. Children from disadvantaged backgrounds are likely to be affected more than others by school closures, with fewer family resources and less access to online learning…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, Achievement Gains
Major, Lee Elliot; Eyles, Andrew; Machin, Stephen – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
The purpose of this brief paper is to present initial findings from the recently collected London School of Economics and Political Science-Centre for Economic Performance (LSE-CEP) Social Mobility survey, which was undertaken as part of the UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) project 'Generation COVID and Social Mobility: Evidence and Policy'.…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Foreign Countries, Social Mobility
Hupkau, Claudia; Isphording, Ingo; Machin, Stephen; Ruiz-Valenzuela, Jenifer – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
We study the effect of negative labour market shocks borne by parents during the COVID-19 crisis on resource and time investments in children and the channels through which negative labour market shocks experienced by parents might affect children. Using data collected in the UK before and during the pandemic, we show that fathers and mothers that…
Descriptors: Labor Market, COVID-19, Pandemics, Employed Parents
Graetz, Georg; Öckert, Björn; Skans, Oskar Nordström – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
Using discontinuities within the Swedish SAT [scholastic aptitude test] system, we show that additional admission opportunities causally affect college choices. Students with high-educated parents change timing, colleges, and fields in ways that appear consistent with basic economic theory. In contrast, very talented students with low-educated…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Choice, Parent Background, Educational Attainment
Altmejd, Adam; Barrios-Fernández, Andrés; Drlje, Marin; Goodman, Joshua; Hurwitz, Michael; Kovac, Dejan; Mulhern, Christine; Neilson, Christopher; Smith, Jonathan – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
Family and social networks are widely believed to influence important life decisions but identifying their causal effects is notoriously difficult. Using admissions thresholds that directly affect older but not younger siblings' college options, we present evidence from the United States, Chile, Sweden and Croatia that older siblings' college and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Siblings, Family Influence, College Choice
Montebruno, Piero – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
Disrupted schooling can heavily impact the amount of education pupils receive. Starting in early June of 2011 a huge social outburst of pupil protests, walk-outs, riots and school occupations called the Chilean Winter caused more than 8 million of lost school days. Within a matter of days, riots reached the national level with hundreds of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Activism, Social Action, Violence
Matthewes, Sönke Hendrik – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
I study the effects of early between-school ability tracking on student achievement, exploiting institutional differences between German federal states. In all states, about 40% of students transition to separate academic-track schools after comprehensive primary school. Depending on the state, the remaining student body is either directly tracked…
Descriptors: Track System (Education), Ability Grouping, Secondary Education, Program Effectiveness
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