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Showing 1 to 15 of 45 results Save | Export
Machin, Stephen; Sandi, Matteo – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
This paper studies whether pupil performance gains achieved by autonomous schools--specifically academy schools in England--can be attributed to the strategic exclusion of poorly performing pupils. In England there have been two phases of academy school introduction, the first in the 2000s being a school improvement programme for schools serving…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Gains, Academic Achievement, Charter Schools
Azmat, Ghazala; Simion, Stefania – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
This paper investigates the impact of changes in the funding of higher education in England on students' choices and outcomes. Over the last two decades--through three major reforms in 1998, 2006 and 2012--undergraduate university education in public universities moved from being free to students and state funded to charging substantial tuition…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Educational Finance, Finance Reform
Maurer, Stephan E. – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
This paper studies the effect of oil wealth on the provision of education in the early 20th century United States. Using information on the location and discovery of major oil fields, I find that oil wealth increased local revenue and education spending. The quality of white teachers increased, and oil-rich counties were more likely to participate…
Descriptors: Fuels, Educational Finance, Educational History, School Construction
Gibbons, Stephen; Scrutinio, Vicenzo; Telhaj, Shqiponja – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
Recent research has established that teachers matter for student achievements, albeit because of dimensions of 'teacher quality' that are largely unexplained. A less closely investigated issue is whether teacher turnover directly harms student academic achievement. In this paper, we examine whether teacher turnover affects academic achievement of…
Descriptors: Faculty Mobility, Academic Achievement, Secondary School Students, Institutional Characteristics
Murphy, Richard; Scott-Clayton, Judith; Wyness, Gill – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
Despite increasing financial pressures on higher education systems throughout the world, many governments remain resolutely opposed to the introduction of tuition fees, and some countries and states where tuition fees have been long established are now reconsidering free higher education. This paper examines the consequences of charging tuition…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Paying for College, Student Costs, Tuition
Johnson, Helen; McNally, Sandra; Rolfe, Heather; Ruiz-Valenzuela, Jenifer; Savage, Robert; Vousden, Janet; Wood, Clare – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
Many students still leave school without a good grasp of basic literacy, despite the negative implications for future educational and labour market outcomes. We evaluate a programme that involves changing how resources are used within classrooms to reinforce the teaching of literacy. Specifically, the programme involves training teaching…
Descriptors: Teaching Assistants, Classroom Techniques, Literacy Education, Program Evaluation
Head, Keith; Li, Yao Amber; Minondo, Asier – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
Using data on academic citations, career and educational histories of mathematicians, and disaggregated distance data for the world's top 1000 math departments, we study how geography and ties affect knowledge flows among scholars. The ties we consider are co-authorship, past colocation, advisor-mediated relationships, and alma mater relationships…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Citations (References), Professional Personnel, Proximity
Murphy, Richard; Weinhardt, Felix; Wyness, Gill – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
It is well established that teachers are the most important in-school factor in determining student outcomes. However, to date there is scant robust quantitative research demonstrating that teacher training programs can have lasting impacts on student test scores. To address this gap, we conduct and evaluate a teacher peer-to-peer observation and…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Peer Evaluation, Observation, Feedback (Response)
Bell, Brian; Costa, Rui; Machin, Stephen – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
Prior research shows reduced criminality to be a beneficial consequence of education policies that raise the school leaving age. This paper studies how crime reductions occurred in a sequence of state-level dropout age reforms enacted between 1980 and 2010 in the United States. These reforms changed the shape of crime-age profiles, reflecting both…
Descriptors: Crime, Crime Prevention, Foreign Countries, Educational Change
Aucejo, Esteban M.; Coate, Patrick; Fruehwirth, Jane Cooley; Kelly, Sean; Mozenter, Zachary – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
This paper studies how the effectiveness of teachers varies by classroom composition. We combine random assignment of teachers to classrooms with rich measures of teacher effectiveness based on a popular observational protocol, Framework for Teaching, to overcome key endogeneity concerns related to measurement and matching. We find that…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Methods, Student Centered Learning, Classroom Environment
Ridley, Matthew; Terrier, Camille – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
The fiscal and educational consequences of charter expansion for non-charter students are central issues in the debate over charter schools. Do charter schools drain resources and high-achieving peers from non-charter schools? This paper answers these questions using an empirical strategy that exploits a 2011 reform that lifted caps on charter…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Public Schools, Expenditure per Student, Educational Finance
Blanden, Jo; Hansen, Kirstine; McNally, Sandra – Centre for Economic Performance, 2017
Childcare quality is often thought to be important for influencing children's subsequent attainment at school. The English Government regulates the quality of early education by setting minimum levels of qualifications for workers and grading settings based on a national Inspectorate (OfSTED). This paper uses administrative data on over two…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Care, Educational Quality, Quality Control
Bertoni, Marco; Gibbons, Stephen; Silva, Olmo – Centre for Economic Performance, 2017
Education policy worldwide has sought to incentivize school improvement and facilitate pupil-school matching by introducing reforms that promote autonomy and choice. Understanding the way in which families form preferences during these periods of reform is crucial for evaluating the impact of such policies. We study the effects on choice of a…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Educational Improvement, Change Strategies, School Choice
Krekel, Christian – Centre for Economic Performance, 2017
We study whether raising instructional time can crowd out student pro-social behaviour. To this end, we exploit a large educational reform in Germany that has raised weekly instructional hours for high school students by 12.5% as a quasi-natural experiment. Using a difference-in-differences design, we find that this rise has a negative and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High Schools, Educational Change, Time on Task
McNally, Sandra; Wyness, Gill – Centre for Economic Performance, 2017
The UK's overall school budget has been protected in real terms but does not provide for funding per pupil to increase in line with inflation. Because pupil numbers are increasing, large falls in expenditure per pupil are expected over the next few years unless more funding is allocated. The situation facing post-16 education is a lot worse. A…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Expenditure per Student, Expenditures
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