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Graetz, Georg; Öckert, Björn; Skans, Oskar Nordström – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
Using discontinuities within the Swedish SAT [scholastic aptitude test] system, we show that additional admission opportunities causally affect college choices. Students with high-educated parents change timing, colleges, and fields in ways that appear consistent with basic economic theory. In contrast, very talented students with low-educated…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Choice, Parent Background, Educational Attainment
Altmejd, Adam; Barrios-Fernández, Andrés; Drlje, Marin; Goodman, Joshua; Hurwitz, Michael; Kovac, Dejan; Mulhern, Christine; Neilson, Christopher; Smith, Jonathan – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
Family and social networks are widely believed to influence important life decisions but identifying their causal effects is notoriously difficult. Using admissions thresholds that directly affect older but not younger siblings' college options, we present evidence from the United States, Chile, Sweden and Croatia that older siblings' college and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Siblings, Family Influence, College Choice
Montebruno, Piero – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
Disrupted schooling can heavily impact the amount of education pupils receive. Starting in early June of 2011 a huge social outburst of pupil protests, walk-outs, riots and school occupations called the Chilean Winter caused more than 8 million of lost school days. Within a matter of days, riots reached the national level with hundreds of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Activism, Social Action, Violence
Matthewes, Sönke Hendrik – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
I study the effects of early between-school ability tracking on student achievement, exploiting institutional differences between German federal states. In all states, about 40% of students transition to separate academic-track schools after comprehensive primary school. Depending on the state, the remaining student body is either directly tracked…
Descriptors: Track System (Education), Ability Grouping, Secondary Education, Program Effectiveness
McNally, Sandra – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
The share of women achieving tertiary education has increased rapidly over time and now exceeds that of men in most OECD countries. However, women are severely under-represented in maths-intensive science fields, which are generally referred to as STEM (science, technology, engineering, and maths). The under-representation of women in these…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Higher Education, Postsecondary Education, STEM Education
Beatton, Tony; Kidd, Michael P.; Sandi, Matteo – Centre for Economic Performance, 2020
This paper studies the impact of compulsory schooling on violent behaviour and victimization in school using individual-level administrative data matching education and criminal records from Queensland (Australia). Exploiting a legislative increase in the minimum dropout age in 2006, this study defines a series of regression-discontinuity…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Violence, Victims, Discipline
Aucejo, Esteban; Romano, Teresa; Taylor, Eric S. – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
Performance evaluation may change employee effort and decisions in unintended ways, for example, in multitask jobs where the evaluation measure captures only a subset of (differentially weights) the job tasks. We show evidence of this multitask distortion in schools, with teachers allocating effort across students (tasks). Teachers are evaluated…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Student Evaluation, Mathematics Tests, Scores
De Philippis, Marta; Rossi, Federico – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
This paper studies the contribution of parental influence in accounting for cross-country gaps in human capital achievements. We argue that the cross-country variation in unobserved parental characteristics is at least as important as the one in commonly used observable proxies of parental socio-economic background. We infer this through an…
Descriptors: Parent Influence, Human Capital, Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries
Lordan, Grace; McGuire, Alistair – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
From 2020 the health and relationships aspects of Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education will be compulsory in UK schools for adolescents. However less is known about how it can be taught in an effective manner. We examine, through a randomised trial, the impact of an evidenced based health related quality of life (HRQoL) curriculum…
Descriptors: Secondary School Curriculum, High School Students, Health Education, Economics Education
Amior, Michael – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
Better-educated workers form many more long-distance job matches, and they move more quickly following local employment shocks. I argue this is a consequence of larger dispersion in wage offers, independent of geography. In a frictional market, this generates larger surpluses for workers in new matches, which can better justify the cost of moving…
Descriptors: Migration, Skilled Workers, Wages, Labor Market
Fernandez, Andrés Barrios – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
This paper investigates whether the decision to attend university depends on university enrollment of close neighbors. I create a unique dataset combining detailed geographic information and educational records from different public agencies in Chile, and exploit the quasi-random variation generated by the rules that determine eligibility for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Enrollment, Social Influences, College Applicants
Leaver, Clare; Lemos, Renata; Scur, Daniela – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
Why do some students learn more in some schools than others? One consideration receiving growing attention is school management. To study this, researchers need to be able to measure school management accurately and cheaply at scale, and also explain any observed relationship between school management and student learning. This paper introduces a…
Descriptors: School Administration, School Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Measurement Techniques
Campbell, Stuart; Macmillan, Lindsey; Murphy, Richard; Wyness, Gill – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
This paper examines inequalities in the match between student quality and university quality using linked administrative data from schools, universities and tax authorities. We analyse two measures of match at the university-subject (course) level, based on student academic attainment, and graduate earnings. We find that students from lower…
Descriptors: Student College Relationship, Educational Attainment, Socioeconomic Status, Gender Differences
Machin, Stephen; Sandi, Matteo – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
This paper studies whether pupil performance gains achieved by autonomous schools--specifically academy schools in England--can be attributed to the strategic exclusion of poorly performing pupils. In England there have been two phases of academy school introduction, the first in the 2000s being a school improvement programme for schools serving…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Gains, Academic Achievement, Charter Schools
Azmat, Ghazala; Simion, Stefania – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
This paper investigates the impact of changes in the funding of higher education in England on students' choices and outcomes. Over the last two decades--through three major reforms in 1998, 2006 and 2012--undergraduate university education in public universities moved from being free to students and state funded to charging substantial tuition…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Educational Finance, Finance Reform
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