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Aucejo, Esteban; Romano, Teresa; Taylor, Eric S. – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
Performance evaluation may change employee effort and decisions in unintended ways, for example, in multitask jobs where the evaluation measure captures only a subset of (differentially weights) the job tasks. We show evidence of this multitask distortion in schools, with teachers allocating effort across students (tasks). Teachers are evaluated…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Student Evaluation, Mathematics Tests, Scores
De Philippis, Marta; Rossi, Federico – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
This paper studies the contribution of parental influence in accounting for cross-country gaps in human capital achievements. We argue that the cross-country variation in unobserved parental characteristics is at least as important as the one in commonly used observable proxies of parental socio-economic background. We infer this through an…
Descriptors: Parent Influence, Human Capital, Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries
Lordan, Grace; McGuire, Alistair – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
From 2020 the health and relationships aspects of Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education will be compulsory in UK schools for adolescents. However less is known about how it can be taught in an effective manner. We examine, through a randomised trial, the impact of an evidenced based health related quality of life (HRQoL) curriculum…
Descriptors: Secondary School Curriculum, High School Students, Health Education, Economics Education
Amior, Michael – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
Better-educated workers form many more long-distance job matches, and they move more quickly following local employment shocks. I argue this is a consequence of larger dispersion in wage offers, independent of geography. In a frictional market, this generates larger surpluses for workers in new matches, which can better justify the cost of moving…
Descriptors: Migration, Skilled Workers, Wages, Labor Market
Fernandez, Andrés Barrios – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
This paper investigates whether the decision to attend university depends on university enrollment of close neighbors. I create a unique dataset combining detailed geographic information and educational records from different public agencies in Chile, and exploit the quasi-random variation generated by the rules that determine eligibility for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Enrollment, Social Influences, College Applicants
Leaver, Clare; Lemos, Renata; Scur, Daniela – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
Why do some students learn more in some schools than others? One consideration receiving growing attention is school management. To study this, researchers need to be able to measure school management accurately and cheaply at scale, and also explain any observed relationship between school management and student learning. This paper introduces a…
Descriptors: School Administration, School Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Measurement Techniques
Campbell, Stuart; Macmillan, Lindsey; Murphy, Richard; Wyness, Gill – Centre for Economic Performance, 2019
This paper examines inequalities in the match between student quality and university quality using linked administrative data from schools, universities and tax authorities. We analyse two measures of match at the university-subject (course) level, based on student academic attainment, and graduate earnings. We find that students from lower…
Descriptors: Student College Relationship, Educational Attainment, Socioeconomic Status, Gender Differences
Machin, Stephen; Sandi, Matteo – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
This paper studies whether pupil performance gains achieved by autonomous schools--specifically academy schools in England--can be attributed to the strategic exclusion of poorly performing pupils. In England there have been two phases of academy school introduction, the first in the 2000s being a school improvement programme for schools serving…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Gains, Academic Achievement, Charter Schools
Azmat, Ghazala; Simion, Stefania – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
This paper investigates the impact of changes in the funding of higher education in England on students' choices and outcomes. Over the last two decades--through three major reforms in 1998, 2006 and 2012--undergraduate university education in public universities moved from being free to students and state funded to charging substantial tuition…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Educational Finance, Finance Reform
Maurer, Stephan E. – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
This paper studies the effect of oil wealth on the provision of education in the early 20th century United States. Using information on the location and discovery of major oil fields, I find that oil wealth increased local revenue and education spending. The quality of white teachers increased, and oil-rich counties were more likely to participate…
Descriptors: Fuels, Educational Finance, Educational History, School Construction
Gibbons, Stephen; Scrutinio, Vicenzo; Telhaj, Shqiponja – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
Recent research has established that teachers matter for student achievements, albeit because of dimensions of 'teacher quality' that are largely unexplained. A less closely investigated issue is whether teacher turnover directly harms student academic achievement. In this paper, we examine whether teacher turnover affects academic achievement of…
Descriptors: Faculty Mobility, Academic Achievement, Secondary School Students, Institutional Characteristics
Murphy, Richard; Scott-Clayton, Judith; Wyness, Gill – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
Despite increasing financial pressures on higher education systems throughout the world, many governments remain resolutely opposed to the introduction of tuition fees, and some countries and states where tuition fees have been long established are now reconsidering free higher education. This paper examines the consequences of charging tuition…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Paying for College, Student Costs, Tuition
Johnson, Helen; McNally, Sandra; Rolfe, Heather; Ruiz-Valenzuela, Jenifer; Savage, Robert; Vousden, Janet; Wood, Clare – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
Many students still leave school without a good grasp of basic literacy, despite the negative implications for future educational and labour market outcomes. We evaluate a programme that involves changing how resources are used within classrooms to reinforce the teaching of literacy. Specifically, the programme involves training teaching…
Descriptors: Teaching Assistants, Classroom Techniques, Literacy Education, Program Evaluation
Head, Keith; Li, Yao Amber; Minondo, Asier – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
Using data on academic citations, career and educational histories of mathematicians, and disaggregated distance data for the world's top 1000 math departments, we study how geography and ties affect knowledge flows among scholars. The ties we consider are co-authorship, past colocation, advisor-mediated relationships, and alma mater relationships…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Citations (References), Professional Personnel, Proximity
Murphy, Richard; Weinhardt, Felix; Wyness, Gill – Centre for Economic Performance, 2018
It is well established that teachers are the most important in-school factor in determining student outcomes. However, to date there is scant robust quantitative research demonstrating that teacher training programs can have lasting impacts on student test scores. To address this gap, we conduct and evaluate a teacher peer-to-peer observation and…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Peer Evaluation, Observation, Feedback (Response)
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