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Kann, Laura; Olsen, Emily O'Malley; McManus, Tim; Harris, William A.; Shanklin, Shari L.; Flint, Katherine H.; Queen, Barbara; Lowry, Richard; Chyen, David; Whittle, Lisa; Thornton, Jemekia; Lim, Connie; Yamakawa, Yoshimi; Brener, Nancy; Zaza, Stephanie – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016
Problem: Sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts can both be used to identify sexual minority youth. Significant health disparities exist between sexual minority and nonsexual minority youth. However, not enough is known about health-related behaviors that contribute to negative health outcomes among sexual minority youth and how the prevalence…
Descriptors: Health Behavior, High School Students, Risk, National Surveys
Kann, Laura; McManus, Tim; Harris, William A.; Shanklin, Shari L.; Flint, Katherine H.; Hawkins, Joseph; Queen, Barbara; Lowry, Richard; Olsen, Emily O'Malley; Chyen, David; Whittle, Lisa; Thornton, Jemekia; Lim, Connie; Yamakawa, Yoshimi; Brener, Nancy; Zaza, Stephanie – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016
Problem: Priority health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults. Population-based data on these behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth nationwide. Reporting…
Descriptors: Health Behavior, High School Students, National Surveys, At Risk Persons
Martinez, Gladys M.; Abma, Joyce C. – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015
Monitoring sexual activity and contraceptive use among U.S. adolescents is important for understanding differences in their risk of pregnancy. In 2013, the U.S. birth rate for teenagers aged 15-19 dropped 57% from its peak in 1991, paralleling a decline in the teen "pregnancy" rate. But these rates are still higher than those in other…
Descriptors: Contraception, Sex, Pregnancy, Pregnant Students
Vikraman, Sundeep; Fryar, Cheryl D.; Ogden, Cynthia L. – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015
Consumption of fast food has been linked to weight gain in adults. Fast food has also been associated with higher caloric intake and poorer diet quality in children and adolescents. From 1994 through 2006, caloric intake from fast food increased from 10% to 13% among children aged 2-18 years. This report presents the most recent data on the…
Descriptors: Eating Habits, Nutrition, Child Health, Adolescents
Martinez, Gladys M. – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015
Nonmarital childbearing in the United States increased from the 1940s to the 1990s, peaked in 2007-2008, and declined in 2013 (1-3). In 2013, the nonmarital birth rate was 44.8 births per 1,000 unmarried women aged 15-44. Using data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), this study examines nonmarital first births reported by fathers…
Descriptors: Fathers, Birth Rate, Marital Status, Interpersonal Relationship
Black, Lindsey I.; Vahratian, Anjel; Hoffman, Howard J. – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015
Increasing the proportion of children with voice, swallowing, speech, or language disorders who receive intervention services is a Healthy People 2020 goal (1). Timely receipt of intervention services is shown to be effective for treatment of communication disorders (2-5). Using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), this…
Descriptors: Communication Disorders, Voice Disorders, Intervention, Health
Pastor, Patricia N.; Reuben, Cynthia A.; Duran, Catherine R.; Hawkins, LaJeana D. – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehavioral disorder diagnosed in U.S. children (1). While this disorder is most often diagnosed in children when they are in elementary school, it is increasingly being identified in preschool children (2-5). This report describes the prevalence of diagnosed ADHD among…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Student Characteristics, Neuropsychology, Disability Identification
Copen, Casey E.; Chandra, Anjani; Febo-Vazquez, Isaedmarie – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015
In 2011, more than 1 million Americans aged 13 and over were living with HIV infection, and one in seven did not know their infection status. Routine, voluntary HIV testing is a recognized way to reduce HIV transmission. Using data from the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), this report updates nationally representative estimates…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Diagnostic Tests, National Surveys, Trend Analysis
Carroll, Margaret D.; Navaneelan, Tanya; Bryan, Shirley; Ogden, Cynthia L. – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015
About one-quarter of Canadian adults and more than one-third of adults in the United States are obese. Obese children are at risk of becoming obese adults and can experience immediate health consequences such as psychosocial stress, elevated blood pressure and cholesterol, and abnormal glucose tolerance. Monitoring trends in childhood obesity is…
Descriptors: Obesity, Incidence, Comparative Education, Comparative Analysis
David-Ferdon, Corinne; Simon, Thomas R. – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014
All forms of violence, including youth violence, suicidal behavior, child maltreatment, sexual violence, intimate partner violence, and elder abuse, negatively affect the health and well-being of this country. Youth violence, in particular, is a significant public health problem. Many young people and communities view the grim facts about youth…
Descriptors: Violence, Prevention, Youth, Juvenile Justice
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014
Water consumption is important for students' cognition, dental health, and physical health. The availability and promotion of free water during the school day has been shown to increase water consumption and may prevent school children from being overweight. This brief highlights areas where local school wellness policies (i.e., wellness…
Descriptors: Water, Child Health, Wellness, School Policy
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014
Recess provides students with a needed break from their structured school day. It can improve children's physical, social, and emotional well-being, and enhance learning. Recess helps children meet the goal of 60 minutes of physical activity (PA) each day, as recommended by the US Department of Health and Human Services. National…
Descriptors: Recess Breaks, Elementary Schools, Elementary School Students, Well Being
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014
Good nutrition is vital to optimal health. The school environment plays a fundamental role in shaping lifelong healthy behaviors and can have a powerful influence on students' eating habits. A supportive school nutrition environment includes multiple elements: access to healthy and appealing foods and beverages available to students in school…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Child Health, Eating Habits, Food
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014
School districts have taken a variety of steps to encourage PE and PA among their students. The sections of this brief highlight areas where policy opportunities exist, as well as areas where policies are well-established relative to PE and PA. This brief summarizes the range of policy actions taken by public school districts, including reports…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Physical Education, Physical Activities, Board of Education Policy
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014
Food and beverage marketing often appears throughout schools in the form of posters, vending machine fronts, in-school television advertisements, school newspapers, textbook covers, sports equipment, and scoreboards. Many foods marketed in schools are of poor nutritional quality. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Institute of…
Descriptors: Marketing, Food, School Districts, Board of Education Policy
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