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Showing 1 to 15 of 43 results Save | Export
Scott-Clayton, Judith – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2018
This report analyzes new data on student debt and repayment, released by the U.S. Department of Education in October 2017. Previously available data have been limited to borrowers only, follow students for a relatively short period (3-5 years) after entering repayment, and had only limited information on student characteristics and experiences.…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Loan Default, Loan Repayment, College Students
Polikoff, Morgan – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2018
There is increasing momentum behind the idea that curriculum materials, including textbooks, represent a powerful lever for education reform. As funders are lining up and state leaders are increasing their policy attention on curriculum materials, this report discusses the very real challenges of this effort. The report draws on my experience over…
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, Textbooks, Educational Change, School Districts
Figlio, David; Karbownik, Krzysztof – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2018
We make use of matched birth-school administrative data from Florida, coupled with an extensive survey of instructional policies and practices, to observe which policies and practices are associated with improved test performance for relatively advantaged students in a school, for relatively disadvantaged students in a school, for both, and for…
Descriptors: School Policy, Student Records, Disadvantaged Youth, Socioeconomic Influences
Whitehurst, Grover J. – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2018
There is a strong and politically bipartisan push to increase access to government-funded pre-K. This is based on a premise that free and available pre-K is the surest way to provide the opportunity for all children to succeed in school and life, and that it has predictable and cost-effective positive impacts on children's academic success. The…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Correlation, Academic Achievement
Jacob, Robin; Jacob, Brian – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2018
We describe the findings from a randomized evaluation of a one-year kindergarten math enrichment program, the High 5s program. The program was designed to provide small-group math enrichment in a fun, club-like format to children who had received enriched math instruction the prior year. Participants included 655 kindergarten students in 24…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Small Group Instruction, Young Children, Mathematics Skills
Whitehurst, Grover – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2018
The standard model of the role of early experience in human development assumes that children's environments in their first years of life are dominant influences on who they become as adults. The standard model favors interventions to improve children's long-term outcomes that start early in life and are intensive in time and attention from…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Models, Experience, Child Development
Edgerton, Adam; Polikof, Morgan; Desimone, Laura – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2017
Five-plus years into the experiment with new "college- and career-ready standards" (of which Common Core is the most notable and most controversial example), we know little about teachers' implementation and the ways policy can support that implementation. This paper uses new state-representative teacher survey data to characterize the…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Teaching Methods, Teacher Surveys, Program Implementation
Gordon, Nora – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2017
The subgroup requirements for accountability in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) were designed to reveal underperformance of disadvantaged groups that could otherwise be hidden in aggregate averages. Both NCLB and its successor, the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), left the choice of minimum subgroup size at the school level (n-size) for…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Disadvantaged Youth
Bettinger, Eric; Loeb, Susanna – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2017
Online courses have expanded rapidly and have the potential to extend further the educational opportunities of many students, particularly those least well-served by traditional educational institutions. However, in their current design, online courses are difficult, especially for the students who are least prepared. These students' learning and…
Descriptors: Online Courses, Evidence, Educational Opportunities, Educational Improvement
Figlio, David; Karbownik, Krzysztof – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2017
Recent research demonstrates that the test score gap between relatively advantaged and relatively disadvantaged students is much higher in some school districts than it is in other districts. But measured school quality often varies dramatically within a school district, and therefore it is important to know whether individual schools differ in…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, School Effectiveness, Disadvantaged, Advantaged
Scott-Clayton, Judith – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2017
The Federal Work-Study program was introduced as part of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, with the goal of enabling low-income students to work their way through college. It is thus one of the earliest forms of federal financial aid for college, pre-dating both Pell Grants and Stafford Loans. Since its inception, FWS has provided institutions…
Descriptors: Work Study Programs, Federal Programs, Federal Legislation, Poverty Programs
Scott-Clayton, Judith – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2017
A previous "Evidence Speaks" report described the high rates at which student loan borrowers default on their repayment within 12 years of initial college entry, often on relatively modest amounts of debt. A striking pattern emerging from that and other prior work is how dramatically default rates vary by institution sector and by…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Loan Default, Racial Differences, Ethnicity
Jacob, Brian A. – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2016
Contrary to popular belief, modern cognitive assessments--including the new Common Core tests--produce test scores based on sophisticated statistical models rather than the simple percent of items a student answers correctly. While there are good reasons for this, it means that reported test scores depend on many decisions made by test designers,…
Descriptors: Scores, Common Core State Standards, Test Length, Test Content
Delisle, Jason; Dancy, Kim – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2016
Public universities typically charge students less than the full cost of education, using funds from state and local government and other sources to cover the difference. This indirect subsidy is one of the largest forms of aid in America's higher education system but is less understood in the policy community than grants and loans, which are…
Descriptors: Public Colleges, State Aid, Financial Support, Socioeconomic Status
Chingos, Matthew M. – Center on Children and Families at Brookings, 2016
The federal Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), like No Child Left Behind before it, requires states to report information on the academic achievement of students in each of their schools, both overall and for various subgroups of students. A subgroup of particular interest to policymakers and researchers is economically disadvantaged students,…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Academic Achievement, Educational Policy
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