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Scott-Clayton, Judith; Wen, Qiao – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
The increasing availability of massive administrative datasets linking postsecondary enrollees with post-college earnings records has stimulated a wealth of new research on the returns to college, and has accelerated state and federal efforts to hold institutions accountable for students' labor market outcomes. Many of these new research and…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Higher Education, Educational Attainment, Comparative Analysis
Scott-Clayton, Judith; Wen, Qiao – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
The increasing availability of massive administrative datasets linking postsecondary enrollees with post-college earnings records has stimulated a wealth of new research on the returns to college, and has accelerated state and federal efforts to hold institutions accountable for students' labor market outcomes. Many of these new research and…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Higher Education, Educational Attainment, Comparative Analysis
Schudde, Lauren – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
While research consistently finds positive earnings returns to educational attainment, there is little evidence on postsecondary education's impact on other employment-related outcomes. Yet nonpecuniary returns to schooling are particularly important in the United States, where fringe benefits are typically tied to employment and there is a great…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, College Attendance, Outcomes of Education, Labor Market
Belfield, Clive; Bailey, Thomas – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
Recently, studies have adopted fixed effects modeling to identify the returns to college. This method has the advantage over ordinary least squares estimates in that unobservable, individual-level characteristics that may bias the estimated returns are differenced out. But the method requires extensive longitudinal data and involves complex…
Descriptors: Associate Degrees, Outcomes of Education, Education Work Relationship, Robustness (Statistics)
Minaya, Veronica; Scott-Clayton, Judith – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
Over the past few years, a multitude of studies have examined the labor market returns to community college credentials, taking advantage of new administrative datasets that link college transcripts to quarterly earnings records and allow for comparisons of students' earnings before and after enrollment. These studies, however, typically follow…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, College Graduates, Outcomes of Education, Education Work Relationship
Scott-Clayton, Judith; Zhou, Rachel Yang – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
The Federal Work-Study (FWS) program is one of the oldest federal programs intended to promote college access and persistence for low-income students. Since 1964, the program has provided approximately $1 billion annually to cover up to 75 percent of the wages of student employees, who typically work on campus for 10 to 15 hours per week. The FWS…
Descriptors: Work Study Programs, Federal Programs, Program Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education
Belfield, Clive; Bailey, Thomas – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
This paper reviews recent evidence on the labor market returns to credit accumulation, certificates, and associate degrees from community colleges. Evidence is collated from estimates of earnings gaps across college students using large-scale, statewide administrative datasets from eight states. Six of these states were partners of the Center for…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Labor Market, Outcomes of Education
Belfield, Clive; Bailey, Thomas – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
This brief reviews new findings from a series of extensive studies by the Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment (CAPSEE) researchers. The research makes use of large state datasets that include student transcripts merged with individual quarterly earnings records, which allow for the analysis of returns to particular…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Outcomes of Education, Labor Market
Scott-Clayton, Judith; Schudde, Lauren – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
Satisfactory academic progress (SAP) requirements have existed in some form in the federal student aid programs for nearly 40 years--and have become increasingly strict--yet only limited research exists regarding their motivations and consequences. In this brief, the authors discuss two recent CAPSEE studies they conducted that examine the…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Educational Policy, Federal Aid, Federal Programs
Park, Rina Seung Eun; Scott-Clayton, Judith – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
In this paper, we examine the effects of receiving a modest Pell Grant on financial aid packages, labor supply while in school, and academic outcomes for community college students. Using administrative data from one state, we compare community college students just above and below the expected family contribution (EFC) cutoff for receiving a Pell…
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Grants, Eligibility, Student Financial Aid
Park, Rina Seung Eun; Scott-Clayton, Judith – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
This document was designed as a companion to the full report entitled "The Impact of Pell Grant Eligibility on Community College Students' Financial Aid Packages, Labor Supply, and Academic Outcomes." Provided here are the appendices to the full report as follows: (1) Methods for Choosing Optimal Bandwidths; (2) Gerard, Rokkanen, and…
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Grants, Eligibility, Student Financial Aid
Ran, Florence Xiaotao; Xu, Di – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2017
Based on a dataset on two- and four-year college students and instructors from an anonymous state that includes detailed instructor employment information, this paper classifies faculty into four types--tenured instructors, tenure-track instructors, long-term adjuncts, and short-term adjuncts--to examine whether adjunct faculty have different…
Descriptors: Adjunct Faculty, College Faculty, Outcomes of Education, College Students
Dunn, Michael; Kalleberg, Arne L. – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2016
The evolution of community colleges from their origins as junior colleges to institutions with dual missions to provide both academic and workforce preparation raises questions about the impact of a college's mission focus on its students' labor market success. We examine this question using data from the 58 colleges in the North Carolina…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Institutional Mission, Labor Force Development, Labor Market
Liu, Vivian Yuen Ting – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2016
Facilitating student transfer from two-year to four-year institutions has been a focus of research and policy in recent years. Much less attention has been given to the phenomenon of four-year to two-year (4-2) college transfer. About 16 percent of students who begin in a four-year college transfer to a two-year college within six years. Using…
Descriptors: Reverse Transfer Students, Labor Market, Educational Benefits, Outcomes of Education
Xu, Di; Jaggars, Shanna Smith; Fletcher, Jeffrey – Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment, 2016
Using detailed administrative data from Virginia, this paper examines how and why the community college pathway to a baccalaureate influences students' degree attainment and short-term labor market performance. We find that the community college pathway sharply reduces the likelihood of earning a bachelor's degree but does not have a significant…
Descriptors: Two Year Colleges, Two Year College Students, Community Colleges, Bachelors Degrees
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