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Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Based on analysis of developments during the past two decades (1995-2015), the report provides important insights into the responsiveness of national VET systems, notably in relation to changes in demography, technology and the economy. Building on detailed national case studies, this report demonstrates how 'big shocks' (the fall of the Berlin…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
This short description examines vocational education and training (VET) in Bulgaria. The overall aim is to help build bridges between VET systems, encourage learner and teacher mobility across Europe, and foster the understanding that Bulgaria's VET is first rate. Four sections focus on: (1) External factors influencing VET (demographics, economy…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Influences, Demography
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
The aim of the paper is to identify and analyse patterns and trends in enrolment in upper secondary initial vocational education and training (IVET) in Europe over the period 1995 to 2015. The research produced findings on comparability of the international data as well as trends in enrolment in upper secondary IVET and its share of enrolment in…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Secondary Education, Enrollment Trends, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
This research paper is the fifth in a series produced as part of the Cedefop project The changing nature and role of VET (2016-18). Based on comparative analysis of labour force survey data from 2014, the report analyses the vocational effect on labour market and education outcomes, asking whether any advantages conferred by vocational…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Vocational Education, Labor Market
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
2016 was a year of new challenges for Cedefop. As the Agency gears up for changes in European vocational education and training (VET) policy it aims to support the European Union's ambition to transform the "New skills agenda" and the Council recommendation "Upskilling pathways: new opportunities for adults" into actions at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Educational Change, Adult Vocational Education
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
The aim of the paper is to review scholarly attempts to define or explain vocational education and training and to develop a theoretical model to analyse national definitions or conceptions of VET [vocational education and training] and how they have changed over time. VET takes many forms and is, perhaps, the least unitary of education sectors.…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
This paper discusses national definitions and conceptions of vocational education and training (VET) in European Union Member States, Iceland and Norway and describes how these have changed over the past two decades. In autumn 2016, Cedefop invited national VET experts to respond to a questionnaire regarding the way national VET systems are…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2016
The year under review has been marked by a number of events that will inevitably have an impact on the immediate future of Cedefop and European vocational education and training (VET). The celebration of Cedefop's 40th anniversary, the Riga conclusions and the renewed ET 2020, the internal reorganisation of the Centre and Cedefop's planning for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Educational Change, Adult Vocational Education
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2015
Better links between education and training and the labour market was a main thread of the Greek and Italian European Union (EU) Presidency programmes of 2014. This thread guided Cedefop's work and demand for its expertise throughout the year. With youth unemployment rates at more than 40%, improving young people's employability through more…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Educational Change, Adult Vocational Education
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
Improvements in workforce skills are essential for European countries to attain higher economic growth and to compete effectively on product markets. Literature indicates a positive relationship between levels of education and productivity growth. This report builds on and expands this body of research in two ways: (1) It investigates the…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Job Skills, Foreign Countries, Educational Attainment
Bjørnåvold, Jens; Grm, Slava Pevec – Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
Level descriptors are essential elements of national qualifications frameworks being established across Europe. They define what is meant by learning outcomes, describing what an individual is expected to know, be able to do and understand, having acquired a qualification at a particular level. This Cedefop working paper shows that most of the 36…
Descriptors: National Standards, Foreign Countries, Academic Standards, Cultural Differences
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2012
Vocational education and training in Denmark has embarked on a process of modernisation aiming at, primarily, increasing flexibility, and individualisation, quality and efficiency. Assessment and recognition of informal and non-formal learning, competence-based curricula, innovative approaches to teaching, and increased possibilities for partial…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Lifelong Learning, Foreign Countries, Educational Policy
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2012
This paper presents data on the vocational education and training (VET) in Denmark. VET plays a key role in the Danish strategy for lifelong learning and meeting the challenges of globalisation and technological change. The Danish education and training system comprises a mainstream system providing qualifications at all levels, from compulsory…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Lifelong Learning, Adult Learning, Adult Students