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Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
This short description examines vocational education and training (VET) in Bulgaria. The overall aim is to help build bridges between VET systems, encourage learner and teacher mobility across Europe, and foster the understanding that Bulgaria's VET is first rate. Four sections focus on: (1) External factors influencing VET (demographics, economy…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Influences, Demography
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Cedefop is one of the oldest European Union (EU's) decentralised agencies. Founded in 1975 and based in Greece since 1995, Cedefop supports development of European VET policies and contributes to their implementation. The Agency is helping the European Commission, EU Member States and the social partners to develop and implement the right European…
Descriptors: Annual Reports, Vocational Education, Lifelong Learning, Labor Market
Grm, Slava Pevec; Bjørnåvold, Jens; Rusu, Andreea – Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
During the past decade, national qualifications frameworks (NQFs) have been developed and implemented across Europe. Triggered by the adoption of the European qualifications framework (EQF) in 2008, these frameworks draw attention to the outcomes of education and training, focusing on what learners are expected to know, understand and are able to…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Indicators, Foreign Countries, Competence
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
This research paper is the fifth in a series produced as part of the Cedefop project The changing nature and role of VET (2016-18). Based on comparative analysis of labour force survey data from 2014, the report analyses the vocational effect on labour market and education outcomes, asking whether any advantages conferred by vocational…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Vocational Education, Labor Market
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
European policy-making in vocational education and training (VET) needs to be supported by sound evidence. In this report, Cedefop has selected 36 indicators to quantify key aspects of VET and lifelong learning. The selection is based on their policy relevance and their importance in achieving the Europe 2020 objectives. The report accounts for…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Technical Education, Educational Quality, Lifelong Learning
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
The aim of the paper is to review scholarly attempts to define or explain vocational education and training and to develop a theoretical model to analyse national definitions or conceptions of VET [vocational education and training] and how they have changed over time. VET takes many forms and is, perhaps, the least unitary of education sectors.…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2016
The European labour market is challenged by changes in the demographic composition of the labour force and increasing work complexities and processes. Skills forecasting makes useful contribution to decisions by policy-makers, experts and individuals. In this publication, Cedefop presents the latest results of skills supply and demand forecasts.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Job Skills, Labor Needs, Needs Assessment
Kvetan, Vladimir, Ed. – Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
Reliable and consistent time series are essential to any kind of economic forecasting. Skills forecasting needs to combine data from national accounts and labour force surveys, with the pan-European dimension of Cedefop's skills supply and demand forecasts, relying on different international classification standards. Sectoral classification (NACE)…
Descriptors: Coping, Classification, Educational Change, Educational Practices
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
Stereotypes prevail: many Europeans still opt for a vocational educational pathway as second choice when deciding about a future career. Despite being high on European and national policy agendas for more than a decade, and despite all efforts made, VET is no more attractive in most countries today than it was some years ago. Building on a system…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Employment Potential, Context Effect
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
High quality vocational education and training (VET) relevant to labour market needs is a policy priority for the European Union (EU). The economic slowdown has led to worryingly high levels of unemployment and underemployment particularly among young people. Skills, qualifications and employability are central to Europe's economic recovery.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Employment Potential, Program Evaluation
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
The global financial and economic crisis has led to alarmingly high unemployment and underemployment in many European Union (EU) countries. Yet, surveys still find that more than one in three employers has problems filling vacancies. The latest European company survey, in spring 2013, found that about 40% of firms across the EU had difficulties…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Job Skills, Labor Force, Employment Qualifications
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
Initial work on the European qualifications framework (EQF) started in autumn 2004. Partly triggered by this initiative, qualifications frameworks have since become integral parts of almost all education and training systems in Europe. Outside Europe, more and more countries and regions (such as Asia-Pacific) are rapidly developing and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Employment Qualifications, Program Implementation, Barriers
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
The economic crisis that peaked in 2009 sent shockwaves that will be felt for years to come. It affected businesses, increased social risk for many and destabilised job and career prospects. Young people, particularly, have been badly affected. They are suffering the highest unemployment rates and their prospects have been damaged most. But,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Career Guidance, Career Counseling, Economic Climate
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
This report focuses on the outcomes of vocational education and, in particular, on the transition from education to work in the current employment situation for young adults in the European Union. Using anonymised microdata from the EU labour force survey 2009 ad hoc module, this is one of the first studies to undertake a large cross-country…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Labor Market, Outcomes of Education
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
A strong VET system is increasingly seen as essential to overcoming the current economic crisis in Europe. VET is seen as a powerful tool to assist in balancing labour market inefficiencies, increasing youth employment possibilities, and reducing skills mismatch. Its inherent flexibility and closeness to the labour market place VET in a good…
Descriptors: Interviews, Feedback (Response), Vocational Education, Case Studies
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