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Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Based on analysis of developments during the past two decades (1995-2015), the report provides important insights into the responsiveness of national VET systems, notably in relation to changes in demography, technology and the economy. Building on detailed national case studies, this report demonstrates how 'big shocks' (the fall of the Berlin…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
This short description examines vocational education and training (VET) in Bulgaria. The overall aim is to help build bridges between VET systems, encourage learner and teacher mobility across Europe, and foster the understanding that Bulgaria's VET is first rate. Four sections focus on: (1) External factors influencing VET (demographics, economy…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Influences, Demography
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
2016 was a year of new challenges for Cedefop. As the Agency gears up for changes in European vocational education and training (VET) policy it aims to support the European Union's ambition to transform the "New skills agenda" and the Council recommendation "Upskilling pathways: new opportunities for adults" into actions at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Educational Change, Adult Vocational Education
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
The aim of the paper is to review scholarly attempts to define or explain vocational education and training and to develop a theoretical model to analyse national definitions or conceptions of VET [vocational education and training] and how they have changed over time. VET takes many forms and is, perhaps, the least unitary of education sectors.…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
This paper discusses national definitions and conceptions of vocational education and training (VET) in European Union Member States, Iceland and Norway and describes how these have changed over the past two decades. In autumn 2016, Cedefop invited national VET experts to respond to a questionnaire regarding the way national VET systems are…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2016
This Cedefop study focuses on the contribution that vocational education and training (VET) can make to reducing early leaving from education and training (ELET). Published in two volumes, the first is dedicated to understanding better the learning pathways of young students, providing measurements of early leaving in VET, and understanding the…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Technical Education, Career Education, Dropouts
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2016
This Cedefop study examines the contribution that vocational education and training (VET) can make to reducing early leaving from education and training (ELET). Published in two volumes, this first looks at quantitative data to understand better the extent of early leaving from VET (ELVET). It analyses mechanisms for monitoring early leaving (at…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Technical Education, Career Education, Dropouts
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2016
The year under review has been marked by a number of events that will inevitably have an impact on the immediate future of Cedefop and European vocational education and training (VET). The celebration of Cedefop's 40th anniversary, the Riga conclusions and the renewed ET 2020, the internal reorganisation of the Centre and Cedefop's planning for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Educational Change, Adult Vocational Education
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2015
Better links between education and training and the labour market was a main thread of the Greek and Italian European Union (EU) Presidency programmes of 2014. This thread guided Cedefop's work and demand for its expertise throughout the year. With youth unemployment rates at more than 40%, improving young people's employability through more…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Educational Change, Adult Vocational Education
Grm, Slava Pevec; Bjørnåvold, Jens – Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
This study addresses qualifications at level 5 of the European qualifications framework (EQF) in 15 countries (Belgium (Flanders), the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Ireland, France, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, the United Kingdom (EWNI and Scotland) that had linked their national…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Employment Qualifications, Vocational Education, Lifelong Learning
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
Certificates, diplomas and titles are commonly known as qualifications. Their purpose is to show employers, training providers, and individuals what the person holding the qualification has learned and can do. Every country issues many different qualifications, but for the European labor market to work as intended--that is for European citizens to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Employment Qualifications, Certification, Academic Degrees
Bjørnåvold, Jens; Grm, Slava Pevec – Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
Level descriptors are essential elements of national qualifications frameworks being established across Europe. They define what is meant by learning outcomes, describing what an individual is expected to know, be able to do and understand, having acquired a qualification at a particular level. This Cedefop working paper shows that most of the 36…
Descriptors: National Standards, Foreign Countries, Academic Standards, Cultural Differences