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Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Based on analysis of developments during the past two decades (1995-2015), the report provides important insights into the responsiveness of national VET systems, notably in relation to changes in demography, technology and the economy. Building on detailed national case studies, this report demonstrates how 'big shocks' (the fall of the Berlin…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Cedefop is one of the oldest European Union (EU's) decentralised agencies. Founded in 1975 and based in Greece since 1995, Cedefop supports development of European VET policies and contributes to their implementation. The Agency is helping the European Commission, EU Member States and the social partners to develop and implement the right European…
Descriptors: Annual Reports, Vocational Education, Lifelong Learning, Labor Market
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
The aim of the paper is to review scholarly attempts to define or explain vocational education and training and to develop a theoretical model to analyse national definitions or conceptions of VET [vocational education and training] and how they have changed over time. VET takes many forms and is, perhaps, the least unitary of education sectors.…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
To reduce high unemployment among their young people, countries are looking to others for help. During the economic downturn, some countries have performed better and youth unemployment has remained relatively low, for example in Germany, the Netherlands and Austria. This has been attributed in part to their apprenticeships or "dual'"…
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Foreign Countries, Educational Benefits, Job Skills
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
This report provides an updated statistical overview of vocational education and training (VET) and lifelong learning in European countries. These country statistical snapshots illustrate progress on indicators selected for their policy relevance and contribution to Europe 2020 objectives. The indicators take 2010 as the baseline year and present…
Descriptors: Group Membership, Profiles, Vocational Education, Educational Assessment
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
The European inventory on validation of non-formal and informal learning provides an unrivaled source of information detailing how validation of prior learning is developing across Europe. It shows that validation strategies and legislation, despite complexity of the task before them, have been developing slowly but steadily. However, there is…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Informal Education, Prior Learning, Validity
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
The global financial and economic crisis has led to alarmingly high unemployment and underemployment in many European Union (EU) countries. Yet, surveys still find that more than one in three employers has problems filling vacancies. The latest European company survey, in spring 2013, found that about 40% of firms across the EU had difficulties…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Job Skills, Labor Force, Employment Qualifications
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014
Accountability and dissemination of its work are important elements of Cedefop's policy to provide assurance to stakeholders for resources used and results achieved. For a centre of expertise and policy advice like Cedefop, the impact of which is hard to gauge for the common European citizen, legitimacy of public expenditure is important, and is…
Descriptors: Annual Reports, Accountability, Educational Change, Educational Research
Jemeljanova, Irina – Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
This publication is based on the outcomes of a Cedefop study on certification processes and competence requirements supporting the professionalisation of in-company trainers. It also builds on Cedefop's work on the changing roles and professional development of VET teachers and trainers (Cedefop, 2010b; Volmari et al., 2009) and the studies…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Foreign Countries, Professional Development, Professional Recognition
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
Too many young people leave education (including vocational education) too soon. Yet early leavers are at greater risk of long-term unemployment, poverty and crime, and now cost the European economy 1.25% of GDP. This brief report looks at the reasons why young people leave and what could be done to end this trend. Considerations for policy-makers…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Dropouts, Foreign Countries, Economic Impact
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
Since 2008, the question uppermost in policymakers' minds has understandably been the explosive growth of youth unemployment. But the crisis has also severely affected low-qualified adults, who face the highest rate of unemployment across Europe. A recent Cedefop study confirms that work-based training programmes can address the particular needs…
Descriptors: Job Training, Employment Qualifications, Adults, Job Skills
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
The European credit system for vocational education and training (ECVET) is one of the European instruments designed to make VET systems more transparent. It aims to make it easier for vocational students to move between learning institutions, whether in the same country or abroad. ECVET, which concerns qualifications at all levels of the European…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Credits, Transfer Policy
Bjørnåvold, Jens; Grm, Slava Pevec – Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
Level descriptors are essential elements of national qualifications frameworks being established across Europe. They define what is meant by learning outcomes, describing what an individual is expected to know, be able to do and understand, having acquired a qualification at a particular level. This Cedefop working paper shows that most of the 36…
Descriptors: National Standards, Foreign Countries, Academic Standards, Cultural Differences
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
Qualifications are commonly seen as one of the core instruments for governing and regulating the labour market. Linked to access to occupations and professions, qualifications define what a person needs to know and be able to do to carry out a certain activity on the labour market. Various factors, from health and safety to consumer protection and…
Descriptors: Employment Qualifications, Labor Market, Job Skills, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2012
This report reviews the use of loans for learning in 33 European countries and analyses the schemes in eight selected Member States: France, Hungary, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Finland, Sweden and the UK. The analysis shows that loan schemes vary considerably across Europe in terms of types and levels of learning covered, conditions of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Student Loan Programs, Student Financial Aid
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