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Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Based on analysis of developments during the past two decades (1995-2015), the report provides important insights into the responsiveness of national VET systems, notably in relation to changes in demography, technology and the economy. Building on detailed national case studies, this report demonstrates how 'big shocks' (the fall of the Berlin…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
This short description examines vocational education and training (VET) in Bulgaria. The overall aim is to help build bridges between VET systems, encourage learner and teacher mobility across Europe, and foster the understanding that Bulgaria's VET is first rate. Four sections focus on: (1) External factors influencing VET (demographics, economy…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Influences, Demography
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
During the past decade, national qualifications frameworks (NQFs) have been developed and implemented across Europe. Triggered by the adoption of the European qualifications framework (EQF) in 2008, these frameworks draw attention to the outcomes of education and training, focusing on what learners are expected to know, understand and are able to…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Indicators, Foreign Countries, Competence
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
National authorities across Europe have been developing outreach measures to address the needs of people who slip through the cracks of standard education, training and employment policies. People who lack basic life and work skills require holistic strategies, which may mobilize health, social and psychological services and delay standard…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Access to Education, Outreach Programs, Holistic Approach
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Long-term unemployment (LTU) is a pressing problem, with serious consequences for those concerned and society as a whole. Although the current employment recovery contributed to a modest decrease, in 2016 almost 10 million people in the European Union (EU) were still long-term unemployed. Since the economic crisis, it has become harder to escape…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Education Work Relationship, Structural Unemployment, Employment Patterns
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Cedefop is one of the oldest European Union (EU's) decentralised agencies. Founded in 1975 and based in Greece since 1995, Cedefop supports development of European VET policies and contributes to their implementation. The Agency is helping the European Commission, EU Member States and the social partners to develop and implement the right European…
Descriptors: Annual Reports, Vocational Education, Lifelong Learning, Labor Market
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
European policy-making in vocational education and training (VET) needs to be supported by sound evidence. In this report, Cedefop has selected 36 indicators to quantify key aspects of VET and lifelong learning. The selection is based on their policy relevance and their importance in achieving the Europe 2020 objectives. The report accounts for…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Technical Education, Educational Quality, Lifelong Learning
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
The aim of the paper is to review scholarly attempts to define or explain vocational education and training and to develop a theoretical model to analyse national definitions or conceptions of VET [vocational education and training] and how they have changed over time. VET takes many forms and is, perhaps, the least unitary of education sectors.…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
This paper discusses national definitions and conceptions of vocational education and training (VET) in European Union Member States, Iceland and Norway and describes how these have changed over the past two decades. In autumn 2016, Cedefop invited national VET experts to respond to a questionnaire regarding the way national VET systems are…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
Labor market and skills intelligence, which provides information on current and future labor market trends and skill needs, can help people, enterprises and policymakers make informed decisions. Cedefop's project, "Governance of Skills Anticipation and Matching Systems: Country Reviews," aims to help participating EU states overcome…
Descriptors: Job Skills, Labor Needs, Policy Formation, Public Policy
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2017
2016 was a year of new challenges for Cedefop. As the Agency gears up for changes in European vocational education and training (VET) policy it aims to support the European Union's ambition to transform the "New skills agenda" and the Council recommendation "Upskilling pathways: new opportunities for adults" into actions at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Educational Change, Adult Vocational Education
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2016
This Cedefop study focuses on the contribution that vocational education and training (VET) can make to reducing early leaving from education and training (ELET). Published in two volumes, the first is dedicated to understanding better the learning pathways of young students, providing measurements of early leaving in VET, and understanding the…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Technical Education, Career Education, Dropouts
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2016
The European labour market is challenged by changes in the demographic composition of the labour force and increasing work complexities and processes. Skills forecasting makes useful contribution to decisions by policy-makers, experts and individuals. In this publication, Cedefop presents the latest results of skills supply and demand forecasts.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Job Skills, Labor Needs, Needs Assessment
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2016
Cedefop has been conducting monitoring of the European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) implementation since 2010; this report covers developments from mid-2013 till 2015. It is based on national responses provided by the ECVET users' group from 28 EU Member States and four EFTA countries. The report examines whether…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Stakeholders, Educational Policy
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2016
This Cedefop study examines the contribution that vocational education and training (VET) can make to reducing early leaving from education and training (ELET). Published in two volumes, this first looks at quantitative data to understand better the extent of early leaving from VET (ELVET). It analyses mechanisms for monitoring early leaving (at…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Technical Education, Career Education, Dropouts
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