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Christopher Campos; Caitlin Kearns – Cato Institute, 2024
This brief summarizes research that studies the Zones of Choice (ZOC) program, an ongoing initiative of the Los Angeles Unified School District. The research investigates the mechanisms through which the ZOC program may have improved student outcomes and finds that changes in schooling practices played a role. Specifically, schools in the ZOC…
Descriptors: School Choice, Public Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Outcomes of Education
Neal McCluskey – Cato Institute, 2023
Over the past couple of years, school districts nationwide have seen a wave of challenges to books in libraries and on reading lists, as well as rising demands to know what titles are in schools. These challenges and demands have put public school libraries under significant scrutiny and raised fundamental questions about their purpose and…
Descriptors: Libraries, School Libraries, Public Schools, Books
Colleen Hroncich – Cato Institute, 2023
The growth of homeschooling from a somewhat fringe movement during the 1970s and 1980s to a more widespread and socially accepted approach in recent decades has provided a strong foundation of flexible learning models. When Florida's school choice expansion, House Bill 1, was introduced in January 2023, one of its goals was to allow more…
Descriptors: Home Schooling, School Choice, Financial Support, School Funds
Hroncich, Colleen – Cato Institute, 2022
Education is not a one-size-fits-all endeavor. When looking at preschool or K-12 education, having a diversity of options is essential. Yet there continue to be calls for the federal government to pass a universal preschool program like the one in President Biden's Build Back Better Act. The author states that this is clearly unconstitutional: the…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Access to Education, Federal Legislation, Government Role
McCluskey, Neal – Cato Institute, 2021
As COVID-19 struck the United States in March 2020, sending the nation into lockdown, worry about the fate of private schools was high. These schools, which only survive if people can pay for them, seemed to face deep trouble. To gauge how the private schooling sector has fared amid the coronavirus pandemic, Cato's Center for Educational Freedom…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Private Schools, School Closing
Figlio, David N.; Hart, Cassandra M. D.; Karbownik, Krzysztof – Cato Institute, 2021
Programs using public funds for children to attend private schools of their choice are on the rise in the United States. As of 2019, 25 states, plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, had voucher or scholarship programs, many of them targeted to specific populations, such as students with disabilities or low-income students. Numerous other…
Descriptors: Program Implementation, Private Schools, School Choice, Public Schools
Amornsiripanitch, Natee; Gompers, Paul A.; Hu, George; Vasudevan, Kaushik – Cato Institute, 2021
Immigrants play a vital role in innovation activities and entrepreneurship. Given the substantial contribution of immigrants in these areas, a set of natural questions arise: What are the pathways that high-skilled immigrants take to arrive in the United States, and how has the importance of these pathways changed over time? What are important…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Entrepreneurship, College Role, Job Skills
Clark, Gregory; Cummins, Neil – Cato Institute, 2021
There has been clamor and dismay at the expected future economic and social costs for children affected by school closures from COVID-19. A New York Times editorial, for example, stated: "A learning reversal of this magnitude could hobble an entire generation." However, the nearly universal belief in the substantial social and economic…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Foreign Countries, Educational History, Educational Change
Rhine, Russell – Cato Institute, 2020
In 2016, Maryland adopted the Broadening Options and Opportunities for Students Today (BOOST) voucher program that helps pay K-12 private school expenses for low-income households. BOOST vouchers target low-income families. Funds are available to public school students as well as children in private schools and homeschools who qualify for free or…
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, Low Income Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Program Effectiveness
Amselem, Mary Clare; Burke, Lindsey; Butcher, Jonathan; Gass, Jamie; McCluskey, Neal; Rebarber, Theodor – Cato Institute, 2020
The federal government has been heavily involved in education since the mid-1960s, intervening in everything from early childhood education to graduate schooling. This paper lays out the principles that should govern federal involvement in seven specific areas and briefly examines the effects of Washington's policies. The areas are elementary and…
Descriptors: Federal Government, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Finance, Academic Standards
McDonald, Kerry – Cato Institute, 2019
Over the past 50 years, homeschooling has grown from a fringe act to a widely accepted education model reflective of a diverse American population. Many parents choose homeschooling to avoid the constraints of the conventional classroom and to embrace education in a broader, often more pluralistic way. According to the National Center for…
Descriptors: Home Schooling, School Choice, Geographic Location, Racial Differences
Armor, David J. – Cato Institute, 2019
Following a 2007 Supreme Court decision restricting the use of race for school assignments, school boards desiring greater diversity turned to economic integration, meaning equalizing the proportion of low-income students in each school in a district. Among other claimed benefits, most advocates believe economic integration will reduce the…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, School Choice, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement
Kedagni, Desire; Krishna, Kala; Megalokonomou, Rigissa; Zhao, Yingyan – Cato Institute, 2019
What determines student achievement? The usual approach is to think of achievement as the output of an educational production function. Inputs into this educational production function include teacher quality, class size, resources, peer effects (possibly positive spillover effects and negative disruption effects), and past achievement, since…
Descriptors: Class Size, Academic Achievement, Educational Finance, Foreign Countries
DeAngelis, Corey A. – Cato Institute, 2018
Is public schooling a public good, a merit good, or a demerit good? Public schooling fails both conditions specified in the standard economic definition of a public good. In order to place public schooling into one of the remaining two categories, I first assess all of the theoretical positive and negative externalities resulting from public…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Educational Benefits, Outcomes of Education, Educational Vouchers
DeAngelis, Corey A. – Cato Institute, 2018
The potential benefits of increased access to private school choice programs in the United States remain a hot topic in educational policy. According to economic theory, private schooling should improve student achievement by increasing competitive pressures on educators to provide high-quality educational experiences. In addition, since children…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Educational Benefits, Access to Education, School Choice
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