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Clark, Gregory; Cummins, Neil – Cato Institute, 2021
There has been clamor and dismay at the expected future economic and social costs for children affected by school closures from COVID-19. A New York Times editorial, for example, stated: "A learning reversal of this magnitude could hobble an entire generation." However, the nearly universal belief in the substantial social and economic…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Foreign Countries, Educational History, Educational Change
Rhine, Russell – Cato Institute, 2020
In 2016, Maryland adopted the Broadening Options and Opportunities for Students Today (BOOST) voucher program that helps pay K-12 private school expenses for low-income households. BOOST vouchers target low-income families. Funds are available to public school students as well as children in private schools and homeschools who qualify for free or…
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, Low Income Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Program Effectiveness
Amselem, Mary Clare; Burke, Lindsey; Butcher, Jonathan; Gass, Jamie; McCluskey, Neal; Rebarber, Theodor – Cato Institute, 2020
The federal government has been heavily involved in education since the mid-1960s, intervening in everything from early childhood education to graduate schooling. This paper lays out the principles that should govern federal involvement in seven specific areas and briefly examines the effects of Washington's policies. The areas are elementary and…
Descriptors: Federal Government, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Finance, Academic Standards
Armor, David J. – Cato Institute, 2019
Following a 2007 Supreme Court decision restricting the use of race for school assignments, school boards desiring greater diversity turned to economic integration, meaning equalizing the proportion of low-income students in each school in a district. Among other claimed benefits, most advocates believe economic integration will reduce the…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, School Choice, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement
Kedagni, Desire; Krishna, Kala; Megalokonomou, Rigissa; Zhao, Yingyan – Cato Institute, 2019
What determines student achievement? The usual approach is to think of achievement as the output of an educational production function. Inputs into this educational production function include teacher quality, class size, resources, peer effects (possibly positive spillover effects and negative disruption effects), and past achievement, since…
Descriptors: Class Size, Academic Achievement, Educational Finance, Foreign Countries
McDonald, Kerry – Cato Institute, 2019
Over the past 50 years, homeschooling has grown from a fringe act to a widely accepted education model reflective of a diverse American population. Many parents choose homeschooling to avoid the constraints of the conventional classroom and to embrace education in a broader, often more pluralistic way. According to the National Center for…
Descriptors: Home Schooling, School Choice, Geographic Location, Racial Differences
DeAngelis, Corey A. – Cato Institute, 2018
Is public schooling a public good, a merit good, or a demerit good? Public schooling fails both conditions specified in the standard economic definition of a public good. In order to place public schooling into one of the remaining two categories, I first assess all of the theoretical positive and negative externalities resulting from public…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Educational Benefits, Outcomes of Education, Educational Vouchers
DeAngelis, Corey A. – Cato Institute, 2018
The potential benefits of increased access to private school choice programs in the United States remain a hot topic in educational policy. According to economic theory, private schooling should improve student achievement by increasing competitive pressures on educators to provide high-quality educational experiences. In addition, since children…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Educational Benefits, Access to Education, School Choice
Biasi, Barbara – Cato Institute, 2018
Teachers are one of the most important inputs in the production of student achievement, and their impact persists throughout adulthood. Attracting and retaining high-quality teachers to the profession is thus a policy issue of highest importance. More attractive compensation packages are often proposed as a possible tool to achieve this goal. In…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Teacher Salaries, Public Schools, Compensation (Remuneration)
Liebowitz, Stan J.; Kelly, Matthew L. – Cato Institute, 2018
State education rankings published by "U.S. News & World Report," "Education Week," and others are based partly on achievement tests, which measure student learning, and partly on other factors not directly related to student learning. These rankings are aggregated in a way that provide misleading results by: (1) ignoring…
Descriptors: Bias, Achievement Rating, Institutional Characteristics, Reputation
Jaume, David; Willén, Alexander – Cato Institute, 2018
Teacher industrial action is a prevalent feature of public education systems across the globe. During the past few years teacher strikes have been observed in Argentina, Canada, Chile, China, France, Germany, India, Israel, Lebanon, Mexico, Russia, and the United States. A shared belief among policymakers across several of these countries is that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Strikes, Elementary School Teachers, Influences
DeAngelis, Corey A.; Hoarty, Blake – Cato Institute, 2018
The expansion of private school choice programs has been accompanied by a growing call for regulation of those programs. Individual private schools decide whether to participate in voucher programs based on expected benefits and expected costs. An unintended consequence of attaching heavy government regulation to voucher programs is that it raises…
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, School Choice, Private Schools, Participation
Landgrave, Michelangelo; Nowrasteh, Alex – Cato Institute, 2017
President Trump is considering a cancellation of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. DACA grants temporary work permits and lawful immigration presence to many young illegal immigrants who were brought to the United States as children. A potential DACA beneficiary is called a "DREAMer," a term derived from the 2001…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Undocumented Immigrants, Children, Crime
McCluskey, Neal – Cato Institute, 2017
In 2010, total student loan debt surpassed total credit card debt held by Americans. About two years later, total student debt broke the psychologically huge $1 trillion mark. These milestones brought to a boil long-simmering frustration with college price growth that has outstripped normal inflation, household income changes, and even…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, State Aid, Financial Support, Tuition
Bedrick, Jason; Butcher, Jonathan; Bolick, Clint – Cato Institute, 2016
Every child deserves the chance at a great education and the American dream. Unfortunately, decades of student achievement data reveal that the increasingly costly U.S. district school system does not provide an excellent education for all students. State lawmakers around the country are now seeking ways to enhance the ability of families to…
Descriptors: Money Management, Tax Credits, Student Financial Aid, School Choice
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