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DeAngelis, Corey A. – Cato Institute, 2018
Is public schooling a public good, a merit good, or a demerit good? Public schooling fails both conditions specified in the standard economic definition of a public good. In order to place public schooling into one of the remaining two categories, I first assess all of the theoretical positive and negative externalities resulting from public…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Educational Benefits, Outcomes of Education, Educational Vouchers
DeAngelis, Corey A. – Cato Institute, 2018
The potential benefits of increased access to private school choice programs in the United States remain a hot topic in educational policy. According to economic theory, private schooling should improve student achievement by increasing competitive pressures on educators to provide high-quality educational experiences. In addition, since children…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Educational Benefits, Access to Education, School Choice
Landgrave, Michelangelo; Nowrasteh, Alex – Cato Institute, 2017
President Trump is considering a cancellation of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. DACA grants temporary work permits and lawful immigration presence to many young illegal immigrants who were brought to the United States as children. A potential DACA beneficiary is called a "DREAMer," a term derived from the 2001…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Undocumented Immigrants, Children, Crime
McCluskey, Neal – Cato Institute, 2017
In 2010, total student loan debt surpassed total credit card debt held by Americans. About two years later, total student debt broke the psychologically huge $1 trillion mark. These milestones brought to a boil long-simmering frustration with college price growth that has outstripped normal inflation, household income changes, and even…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, State Aid, Financial Support, Tuition
Bedrick, Jason; Butcher, Jonathan; Bolick, Clint – Cato Institute, 2016
Every child deserves the chance at a great education and the American dream. Unfortunately, decades of student achievement data reveal that the increasingly costly U.S. district school system does not provide an excellent education for all students. State lawmakers around the country are now seeking ways to enhance the ability of families to…
Descriptors: Money Management, Tax Credits, Student Financial Aid, School Choice
Heriot, Gail – Cato Institute, 2016
A college education is not everyone's cup of tea. The United States needs other ways to instill job skills in the younger generation. The German apprenticeship system is sometimes viewed as an appealing alternative. But substantially increasing apprenticeship opportunities in the United States may not be as easy or inviting as it sounds. The…
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Foreign Countries, Financial Support, Job Skills
Jacobson, Daniel – Cato Institute, 2016
John Stuart Mill thought higher education should not tell us what it is our duty to believe, but should "help us to form our own belief in a manner worthy of intelligent beings." He added that "there ought to exist the fullest liberty of professing and discussing, as a matter of ethical conviction, any doctrine," regardless of…
Descriptors: Freedom of Speech, Policy Analysis, Campuses, Resistance to Change
Lavy, Victor – Cato Institute, 2015
Research on the effectiveness of educational programs has centered on evaluating shortterm outcomes, such as standardized test scores. This research examines the long-term consequences of free school choice programs offered to primary school students at the transition to secondary school. The main question is whether the effects of free school…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, School Choice, Educational Attainment, Secondary School Students
Samwick, Andrew – Cato Institute, 2014
In the United States, parents send about 10 percent of elementary and secondary school-age children to private schools, which through their accreditation meet the requirement that students receive an adequate education. By paying out of pocket for their children's private education, these families relieve a financial burden on local, state, and…
Descriptors: Enrollment, Taxes, Public Schools, Income
Coulson, Andrew J. – Cato Institute, 2014
Long-term trends in academic performance and spending are valuable tools for evaluating past education policies and informing current ones. But such data have been scarce at the state level, where the most important education policy decisions are made. State spending data exist reaching back to the 1960s, but the figures have been scattered across…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Academic Achievement, Educational Finance, College Entrance Examinations
Coulson, Andrew J. – Cato Institute, 2014
Though measures of long-term academic performance trends are valuable to education policy analysts and policymakers, they have been hard to come by at the state level, where most education policy is made. Such data are either nonexistent prior to 1990 or are unrepresentative of statewide student populations. A continuous series of state mean SAT…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Academic Achievement, Scores, Trend Analysis
Armor, David J. – Cato Institute, 2014
Calls for universal preschool programs have become commonplace, reinforced by President Obama's call for "high-quality preschool for all" in 2013. Any program that could cost state and federal taxpayers $50 billion per year warrants a closer look at the evidence on its effectiveness. This report reviews the major evaluations of preschool…
Descriptors: Evidence, Preschool Education, Policy Analysis, Equal Education
Baude, Patrick; Casey, Marcus; Hanushek, Eric A.; Rivkin, Steven G. – Cato Institute, 2014
The role of charter schools in improving academic achievement is controversial, and existing evidence has led to contrasting conclusions about appropriate future policies. Past incongruous findings provide support for both advocates and opponents of charter schools. For a deeper understanding of charters as a market-oriented reform, it is…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Traditional Schools, Educational Improvement, Educational Quality
Lester, Simon – Cato Institute, 2013
Recent developments in higher education--with leading institutions starting to offer courses online--suggest that the Internet is going to disrupt this industry, just as it has already disrupted the music and book industries, as well as many others. We are entering a period of experimentation with new business models for higher education, with…
Descriptors: Higher Education, International Trade, Competition, Online Courses
Buddin, Richard – Cato Institute, 2012
Charter schools are publicly funded schools that have considerable independence from public school districts in their curriculum development and staffing decisions, and their enrollments have increased substantially over the past two decades. Charter schools are changing public and private school enrollment patterns across the United States. This…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Private Schools, Catholic Schools, Private Education
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