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ERIC Number: ED573170
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Exclusionary Discipline Highest in New Hampshire's Urban Schools: Suspension and Expulsion Found to Disproportionately Affect Disadvantaged Students. Regional Issue Brief Number 46
Gagnon, Douglas J.; Jaffee, Eleanor M.; Kennedy, Reeve
Carsey School of Public Policy
Exclusionary school discipline--that is, suspension and expulsion--disproportionately affects already disadvantaged students on both the national and state levels. In New Hampshire, students attending larger urban schools, male students, students of color, students eligible for free and reduced-price lunch, students with disabilities, and homeless students are more likely to experience exclusionary school discipline, although racial disparities appear to stem largely from the greater racial diversity at the urban schools that use this type of discipline at higher rates with all students. Previous research indicates that exclusionary discipline and the resulting loss of classroom time is associated with poorer academic outcomes. Therefore, regardless of the precipitates of exclusionary discipline, it is worth exploring the extent to which exclusionary discipline is experienced among New Hampshire students.
Carsey School of Public Policy. Huddleston Hall, 73 Main Street, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824. Tel: 603-862-2821; Fax: 603-862-3878. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; High Schools; Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation; Endowment for Health; M+R Strategic Services
Authoring Institution: University of New Hampshire, Carsey School of Public Policy; New Hampshire Kids Count
Identifiers - Location: New Hampshire
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A