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Goldhaber, Dan; Harris Douglas N.; Loeb, Susanna; McCaffrey, Daniel F.; Raudenbush, Stephen W. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2015
It is common knowledge that teacher quality is a key in-school factor affecting student achievement. While the quality of teaching clearly matters for how much students learn, this quality is challenging to measure. Evaluating teacher quality based on the level of their students' end-of-year test scores has been one method of assessing…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Measurement Techniques
McKay, Sarah – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2015
On December 5, 2014, the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching's DC office hosted an invitation-only gathering of fifteen federal, state, and local education policy experts in both the public and nonprofit sectors. The goal of the meeting was to explore strategies to improve Title II, Part A of the federal Elementary and Secondary…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Policy
Headden, Susan; McKay, Susan – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2015
Quitting in the face of hard work is never the response a teacher wants to see, but it's one that threatens to become more common as academic pressures rise. The new Common Core State Standards, the latest in a decades-long effort to drive educational improvement, soon will be setting unprecedented expectations for the performance of students,…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Student Motivation, Intervention, Self Esteem
McCaffrey, Daniel F.; Buzick, Heather M. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2014
Under laws providing for equal access to quality education, most American students with disabilities are taught largely in general education classrooms. And along with all other students, they are included in standards-based reforms--policies that hold their schools and teachers accountable for what they do or do not learn. In more and more cases,…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Teacher Evaluation
Raudenbush, Stephen W. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2014
Proposals to evaluate teachers based on their "value-added" to student test scores generate intense debate. Underlying the debate are concerns about three factors: "bias," "precision," and "relevance." Previous Carnegie Foundation briefs have detailed the reasons why the first two are significant concerns.…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Teacher Evaluation, Scores
Raudenbush, Stephen – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2013
This brief considers the problem of using value-added scores to compare teachers who work in different schools. The author focuses on whether such comparisons can be regarded as fair, or, in statistical language, "unbiased." An unbiased measure does not systematically favor teachers because of the backgrounds of the students they are…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Achievement Gains, Teacher Effectiveness, Comparative Analysis
Loeb, Susanna – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2013
The question for this brief is whether education leaders can use value-added measures as tools for improving schooling and, if so, how to do this. Districts, states, and schools can, at least in theory, generate gains in educational outcomes for students using value-added measures in three ways: creating information on effective programs, making…
Descriptors: Teacher Improvement, Achievement Gains, Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness
Goldhaber, Dan; Loeb, Susanna – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2013
Better teacher evaluation should lead to better instruction and improved outcomes for students, but more accurate classification of teachers requires better information than is now available. Because existing measures of performance are incomplete and imperfect, measured performance does not always reflect true performance. Teachers who are truly…
Descriptors: Personnel Management, Personnel Policy, Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness
Harris, Douglas N. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2013
The idea that multiple measures should be used when evaluating teachers is widely accepted. Multiple measures are important not only because education has multiple goals, but because each measure is an imperfect indicator of any given goal. For a variety of reasons, states and districts use multiple measures in one particular way: to make…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Accountability, Measures (Individuals), Evaluation Methods
Myung, Jeannie; Martinez, Krissia; Nordstrum, Lee – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2013
Building a stronger teacher workforce requires the thoughtful orchestration of multiple processes working together in a human capital system. This white paper presents a framework that can be used to take stock of current efforts to enhance the teacher workforce in school districts or educational organizations, as well as their underlying theories…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Instructional Improvement, Faculty Development, Improvement Programs
McCaffrey, Daniel F. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2013
Value-added evaluations use student test scores to assess teacher effectiveness. How student achievement is judged can depend on which test is used to measure it. Thus it is reasonable to ask whether a teacher's value-added score depends on which test is used to calculate it. Would it change if a different test was used? Specifically, might a…
Descriptors: Scores, Accountability, Achievement Gains, Teacher Effectiveness
Harris, Douglas N.; Anderson, Andrew – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2013
There is a growing body of research on the validity and reliability of value-added measures, but most of this research has focused on elementary grades. Driven by several federal initiatives such as Race to the Top, Teacher Incentive Fund, and ESEA waivers, however, many states have incorporated value-added measures into the evaluations not only…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Evaluation Research
Loeb, Susanna; Candelaria, Christopher A. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2012
Value-added models measure teacher performance by the test score gains of their students, adjusted for a variety of factors such as the performance of students when they enter the class. The measures are based on desired student outcomes such as math and reading scores, but they have a number of potential drawbacks. One of them is the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Teacher Effectiveness, Scores, Peer Influence
Goldhaber, Dan; Theobald, Roddy – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2012
There are good reasons for re-thinking teacher evaluation. Evaluation systems in most school districts appear to be far from rigorous. A recent study showed that more than 99 percent of teachers in a number of districts were rated "satisfactory," which does not comport with empirical evidence that teachers differ substantially from each…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Evidence, Teacher Evaluation, Educational Testing
Harris, Douglas N. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2012
In the recent drive to revamp teacher evaluation and accountability, measures of a teacher's value added have played the starring role. But the star of the show is not always the best actor, nor can the star succeed without a strong supporting cast. In assessing teacher performance, observations of classroom practice, portfolios of teachers' work,…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Evidence, Teaching Methods, Teacher Evaluation
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