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Bryk, Anthony S.; Gomez, Louis M.; Grunow, Alicia – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2010
In this Carnegie essay by Anthony Bryk, Louis Gomez and Alicia Grunow, the authors argue that the social organization of the research enterprise is badly broken and a very different alternative is needed. They instead support a science of improvement research and introduce the idea of a networked improvement community that creates the purposeful…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Research and Development, Disadvantaged, Achievement Gap
Bueschel, Andrea Conklin – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2008
The author explores how students can become partners in innovation and inquiry, more engaged in the classroom, and better positioned to succeed when educators listen to their students talk about learning. Bueschel concludes that students who have not been successful in school present many challenges, but they can also be an asset in overcoming…
Descriptors: Partnerships in Education, Classroom Communication, Classroom Techniques, Community Colleges
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2008
This report details five principles for creating powerful classrooms and offers a new vision for professional development: (1) High Structure; (2) High Challenge; (3) Intensity; (4) Intentionality and Learning How to Learn; and (5) Inquiry and Making Learning Visible. Included are recommendations drawn from the work of the 11 community college…
Descriptors: Institutional Research, Community Colleges, Learning Strategies, Professional Development
Tinto, Vincent – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2008
The author writes that for too many low-income students the open door to American higher education has become a revolving door. In examining what can be done, he recognizes the centrality of the classroom to student success.
Descriptors: Low Income, College Students, Academic Persistence, School Holding Power
Breen, Molly – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2008
The author reports on recent efforts by community college faculty to make the teaching and learning from their classrooms more visible. Spurred on by numerous reports that point to the urgency around basic skills education, faculty members at California community colleges are working together to improve teaching of basic skills, using a variety of…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Basic Skills, College Faculty, Multimedia Materials
Ehrlich, Tom – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2007
Eighteen months after soundly criticizing a new Harvard general education that proposed to abandon the concept of a structured general education, substituting a minimum distribution requirement under which students could choose a few courses from hundreds offered by the faculty, the writer applauds the shift, encouraged by interim president Derek…
Descriptors: General Education, Ethics, Leadership, Higher Education
Burke; Michael C. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2007
Quantitative literacy, the ability to discriminate between good and bad data, the disposition to use quantitative information to think through complex problems are capacities that educators across fields should be helping students develop. Burke leads the reader to this conclusion through an extended example of income distribution, clarified and…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Data Analysis, Graphs, Statistics
Bond, Lloyd – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2007
The writer examines a variety of reasons why test performance may not always be a valid measure of a person's competence or potential. Citing that a sizable percentage of students perform well in their schoolwork but poorly on standardized, multiple-choice tests, Bond defines and discusses four candidates as source factors for the phenomenon: (1)…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Test Anxiety, Standardized Tests, Multiple Choice Tests
Bond, Lloyd – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2007
Through an examination of one institution's efforts to strengthen teaching and learning on campus, the author makes a strong case for the use of common examinations as a powerful form of assessment as well as a fruitful context for faculty deliberations. Providing a continuing occasion for faculty inquiry and discussion, insuring grade…
Descriptors: Test Results, Student Evaluation, Grade Inflation, Grading
Colby, Anne – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2007
Young people in the United States today are much more likely to be involved in volunteer work of an apolitical sort than in politics. As part of a study on political engagement, the author and other colleagues surveyed students at a diversity of colleges and universities and asked them why they and many of their peers are so much more likely to…
Descriptors: Incentives, Democracy, Graduation Requirements, Service Learning
McCormick, Alexander C. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2007
The author expresses concern that launching an accountability initiative without careful consideration may do more harm than good. A well-designed accountability system, writes McCormick, motivates substantive change and useful diagnostic tools must not be undermined in the name of accountability. Several new college-quality initiatives offer…
Descriptors: Student Surveys, Educational Practices, Writing Skills, Accountability
Shulman, Lee S. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2007
In considering the challenges of basic skills education, Shulman returns to the advice of one of his mentors, Benjamin Bloom. The reason students fail, according to Bloom, is that they need more time to succeed, and time is what educators fail to give them. According to Bloom, nearly anybody can learn nearly anything given enough time. The…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Academic Achievement, Time Factors (Learning), Time Management
Huber, Mary Taylor; Breen, Molly – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2007
As one means to combat the dis-integration of the undergraduate experience, the authors make a case for the kinds of integrated education needed to prepare students to respond creatively and with commitment to our society's most critical challenges.
Descriptors: Integrated Curriculum, School Desegregation, Undergraduate Study, College Students
Ehrlich, Tom – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2006
The committee charged with reforming the current Core Curriculum of Harvard University has instead recommended a minimum distribution requirement for undergraduates: three courses in each of three fields. The Core Curriculum was adopted by Harvard in the 1970s with a view to ensuring that undergraduates be broadly educated in seven approaches to…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, General Education, Research Universities, Service Learning
Hutchings, Pat; Shulman, Lee S. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2006
The authors point out that offices of institutional research are valuable resources for collecting data to help faculty improve their teaching, and can involve the whole institution in a collaborative effort towards improved student learning. Defining institutional research as a capacity to work closely with faculty to explore questions about what…
Descriptors: Institutional Research, Community Colleges, Internet, Data Collection
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