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Raudenbush, Stephen W. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2014
Proposals to evaluate teachers based on their "value-added" to student test scores generate intense debate. Underlying the debate are concerns about three factors: "bias," "precision," and "relevance." Previous Carnegie Foundation briefs have detailed the reasons why the first two are significant concerns.…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Teacher Evaluation, Scores