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Goldhaber, Dan; Harris Douglas N.; Loeb, Susanna; McCaffrey, Daniel F.; Raudenbush, Stephen W. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2015
It is common knowledge that teacher quality is a key in-school factor affecting student achievement. While the quality of teaching clearly matters for how much students learn, this quality is challenging to measure. Evaluating teacher quality based on the level of their students' end-of-year test scores has been one method of assessing…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Measurement Techniques
Loeb, Susanna – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2013
The question for this brief is whether education leaders can use value-added measures as tools for improving schooling and, if so, how to do this. Districts, states, and schools can, at least in theory, generate gains in educational outcomes for students using value-added measures in three ways: creating information on effective programs, making…
Descriptors: Teacher Improvement, Achievement Gains, Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness
Loeb, Susanna; Grissom, Jason A. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2013
Principals play a central role in how well a school performs. They are responsible for establishing school goals and developing strategies for meeting them. They lead their schools' instructional programs, recruit and retain teachers, maintain the school climate, and allocate resources. How well they execute these and other leadership functions is…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Evaluation, Achievement Gains, Evaluation Criteria
Goldhaber, Dan; Loeb, Susanna – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2013
Better teacher evaluation should lead to better instruction and improved outcomes for students, but more accurate classification of teachers requires better information than is now available. Because existing measures of performance are incomplete and imperfect, measured performance does not always reflect true performance. Teachers who are truly…
Descriptors: Personnel Management, Personnel Policy, Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness
Loeb, Susanna; Candelaria, Christopher A. – Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 2012
Value-added models measure teacher performance by the test score gains of their students, adjusted for a variety of factors such as the performance of students when they enter the class. The measures are based on desired student outcomes such as math and reading scores, but they have a number of potential drawbacks. One of them is the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Teacher Effectiveness, Scores, Peer Influence