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Swain, Merrill – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1978
A discussion of three possible formats of a bilingual education program: early total immersion, early partial immersion and late partial immersion. A French cloze test was used to evaluate the lead group of students in each program. A tentative conclusion is drawn in favor of the early total immersion program. (AMH)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Elementary Secondary Education, French, Immersion Programs
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Bruck, Maggie; Swain, Merrill – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1976
A conference was held in Montreal in November 1975 which focused on research related to the immersion approach to second language teaching. Background information and purposes of the conference are given. (RM)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Conferences, FLES, French
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Swain, Merrill – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1976
This bibliography lists articles on bilingual education and elementary level French immersion programs for English-speaking children. (RM)
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Bilingual Education, Educational Research, FLES
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Lapkin, Sharon; Swain, Merrill – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1996
Shows how one teacher skillfully integrates vocabulary instruction with his subject matter teaching. The teacher links the target vocabulary to the students' experiences and concentrates on word meanings and their written and oral forms and syntactic behavior, pushing students to accurate use of the words in context. (12 references) (Author/CK)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, French
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Swain, Merrill – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1996
Focuses on research addressing how to integrate content and language teaching, with specific reference to studies conducted in French immersion classrooms. Findings indicate that teachers should structure activities to incorporate a focus on form into content teaching through teacher-led instruction and collaborative tasks with peers. (21…
Descriptors: Class Activities, Error Correction, Foreign Countries, French
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Swain, Merrill – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2001
Offers immersion classroom data focusing on the use of collaborative tasks related to the content to be learned that draw learners attention to formal properties of French. Such tasks provide both oral practice and lead to more accurate language use. (Author/VWL)
Descriptors: Cooperation, Foreign Countries, French, Immersion Programs
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Swain, Merrill – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1993
Some views on and implications of "the output hypothesis," which proposes that the process of producing written or spoken language results in language acquisition/learning, for immersion pedagogy and second-language learning are discussed. The role of collaborative learning is considered. (Contains 14 references.) (LB)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Immersion Programs, Language Processing, Language Research
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Swain, Merrill; Lapkin, Sharon – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1991
Reports on two studies of minority language children enrolled in a Toronto, Canada, bilingual (English-French) program. The study indicated that focus on the maintenance and development of students' heritage language with specific reference to literacy learning enhanced the learning of French, a third language for the minority language students.…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, English, Foreign Countries, French
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Swain, Merrill – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1974
A study indicates that students in French immersion programs in Canadian schools achieve superior progress in French and equal skill in English relative to students in partial immersion classes or traditional second-language study. (CK)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Bilingualism, English
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Swain, Merrill – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1981
Describes research on core, extended, and immersion French as a second language programs in Canada over the past decade. Results show older learners tend to be more efficient learners in some aspects of second language learning, but there may be some advantages to starting earlier in an intensive program. (BK)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, French, Immersion Programs, Indo European Languages
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Swain, Merrill; And Others – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1976
Research is presented in support of the theory that early French immersion of English-speaking children leads to bilingualism. The evidence is limited to children through the end of grade four. Comments and criticisms are made by three guest analysts. (RM)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Elementary Education, FLES