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Trahey, Martha; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2020
English language learners (ELLs), especially those outside major cities in North America, are integrated into mainstream classrooms, often without targeted language support. Form-focused instruction (FFI) is an approach to language instruction in which learner attention is focused on language form during meaning-based activities. Although FFI has…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Mainstreaming, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Tragant, Elsa; Muñoz, Carmen; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2016
This study reports on a year-long intervention based on comprehension practice of input-rich materials. It was inspired by an innovative program in Canada in which primary school francophone children learned English as a second language (ESL) through simultaneous reading and listening. In our study the participants are a class of 10- to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Foreign Countries, Children, English (Second Language)
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Germain, Claude; Lightbown, Patsy; Netten, Joan; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2004
This article provides a historical overview and comparison of intensive English (IE) and intensive French (IF) programs in Canada. Comparisons are made in terms of the total time allotted to the intensive period, the selection of students, the number and types of schools offering the programs, the models of delivery, and the type of pedagogy and…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Foreign Countries, French, English (Second Language)
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Lyster, Roy; Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1999
Response to criticism of oral grammar correction in second-language (L2) instruction which argues that while there are challenges and complexities in providing effective feedback, error correction should not be abandoned. Continued systematic, rigorous research to investigate whether different types of feedback are more effective, and to what…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Error Correction, Grammar, Language Research
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1991
A study compared the English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) performance of secondary school students who had participated in intensive ESL instruction in grade five or six and those following regular ESL instruction in elementary school. Students with early instruction maintained the English language superiority acquired during the program. (eight…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Education, English (Second Language)
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1997
Describes a school in Quebec, in which students enrolled in an intensive English-as-a-Second-Language program (ESL) use English in a variety of communicative interactions inside and outside the ESL classroom. Assessment of students' performance indicates that they achieve higher levels of English than comparable students in other intensive ESL…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries
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Zahar, Rick; Cobb, Tom; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2001
Investigated the number of times a word must be encountered in order to be learned and the types of contexts that are conducive to learning in a vocabulary acquisition study with Quebec school-aged English-as-a-Second-Language learners at five levels of proficiency. Learners read text and were tested on new vocabulary and learned and unlearned…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Context Clues, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries