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ERIC Number: EJ790603
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Pages: 36
Abstractor: Author
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0008-4506
Participants, Texts, and Processes in ESL/EFL Essay Tests: A Narrative Review of the Literature
Barkaoui, Khaled
Canadian Modern Language Review, v64 n1 p99-134 Sep 2007
Essay tests are widely used to assess ESL/EFL learners' writing abilities for instructional, administrative, and research purposes. Relevant literature was searched to identify 70 empirical studies on ESL/EFL essay tests. The majority of these studies examined task, essay, and rater effects on essay rating and scores. Less attention has been given to the effects of examinee factors, scoring methods, and assessment contexts. This absence seems mainly to be the result of a traditional concern with controlling for task and rater variability as "sources of measurement error." This article argues for viewing these factors as "sources of variability" that contribute to the richness and uniqueness of the contexts within which writing performance and assessment occur and for taking them into account when interpreting and using essay test scores. The paper concludes with several implications for research and practice.
University of Toronto Press. 5201 Dufferin Street, Toronto, ON M3H 5T8, Canada. Tel: 416-667-7810; Fax: 800-221-9985; Fax: 416-667-7881; e-mail: journals@utpress.utoronco.ca; Web site: http://www.utpjournals.com/cmlr/cmlr.html
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A