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Manning, Matthew; Garvis, Susanne; Fleming, Christopher; Wong, Gabriel T. W. – Campbell Collaboration, 2017
Poor quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) can be detrimental to the development of children as it could lead to poor social, emotional, educational, health, economic, and behavioural outcomes. The lack of consensus as to the strength of the relationship between teacher qualification and the quality of the early childhood learning…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Teacher Qualifications, Educational Environment, Literature Reviews
Rohwer, Anke; Motaze, Nkengafac Villyen; Rehfuess, Eva; Young, Taryn – Campbell Collaboration, 2017
E-learning is a useful strategy to increase Evidence-based health care (EBHC) knowledge and skills, and when combined with face-to-face learning, to increase EBHC attitude and behaviour. EBHC is decision-making for health care, informed by the best research evidence. Doctors, nurses and allied health professionals need to have the necessary…
Descriptors: Electronic Learning, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Evidence Based Practice
Maynard, Brandy R.; Solis, Michael R.; Miller, Veronica L.; Brendel, Kristen E. – Campbell Collaboration, 2017
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in schools have positive effects on cognitive and socio-emotional processes, but do not improve behavior and academic achievement. The use of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in schools has been on the rise. Schools are using MBI's to reduce student stress and anxiety and improve socio-emotional…
Descriptors: Perception, Metacognition, Intervention, Cognitive Ability
Graham, Carolyn W.; West, Michael D.; Bourdon, Jessica L.; Inge, Katherine J.; Seward, Hannah E. – Campbell Collaboration, 2016
Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often struggle to obtain competitive employment after sustaining a TBI, commonly as a result of the post-injury difficulties they exhibit (Andelic, Stevens, Sigurdardottir, Arango-Lasprilla, & Roe, 2009; Mansfield et al., 2015). The currently reported unemployment rate for people with TBI is…
Descriptors: Head Injuries, Brain, Job Skills, Intervention
Spier, Elizabeth; Britto, Pia; Pigot, Terri; Roehlkapartain, Eugene; McCarthy, Michael; Kidron, Yael; Song, Mengli; Scales, Peter; Wagner, Dan; Lane, Julia; Glover, Janis – Campbell Collaboration, 2016
Background: For a majority of the world's children, despite substantial increases in primary school enrollment, academic learning is neither occurring at expected rates nor supplying the basic foundational skills necessary to succeed in the 21st century. The significant lag in academic achievement tells us that simply making formal education…
Descriptors: Parent Role, Family Role, Community Role, Literacy
Maynard, Brandy R.; Brendel, Kristen E.; Bulanda, Jeffery J.; Heyne, David; Thompson, Aaron M.; Pigott, Therese D. – Campbell Collaboration, 2015
School refusal is a psychosocial problem characterized by a student's difficulty attending school and, in many cases, substantial absence from school (Heyne & Sauter, 2013). It is often distinguished from truancy, in part because of the severe emotional distress associated with having to attend school and the absence of severe antisocial…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Student Behavior, Attendance, Stress Variables
Tripney, Janice; Roulstone, Alan; Vigurs, Carol; Hogrebe, Nina; Schmidt, Elena; Stewart, Ruth – Campbell Collaboration, 2015
In the past, the lack of data on people with disabilities living in low- or middle-income countries (LMICs) has contributed to the invisibility of disability as a development priority. This is beginning to be addressed. While the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) did not specifically mention disability, it is increasingly being recognised that…
Descriptors: Intervention, Labor Market, Adults, Physical Disabilities
Fong, Carlton J.; Murphy, Kathleen M.; Westbrook, John D.; Markle, Minda M. – Campbell Collaboration, 2015
In the United States, an estimated 1.5 million people are diagnosed annually with some type of cancer (American Cancer Society, 2011). Work is an important stabilizing factor for cancer survivors (Arnold, 1999). De Boer and colleagues (2009) identified a rate of 33.8% unemployment among cancer survivors beyond the age of 18 compared to 15.2% among…
Descriptors: Cancer, Intervention, Disabilities, Equal Opportunities (Jobs)
De La Rue, Lisa; Polanin, Joshua R.; Espelage, Dorothy L.; Pigott, Terri D. – Campbell Collaboration, 2014
Background: The incidence of psychological, physical, and sexual violence in intimate dating relationships has a significant impact on young people. These issues are of great concern to researchers, educators, and administrators who strive to help youth be happy and healthy. This review focused on prevention and intervention efforts implemented in…
Descriptors: Dating (Social), Violence, Intimacy, Program Effectiveness
Reichow, Brian; Barton, Erin E.; Boyd, Brian A.; Hume, Kara – Campbell Collaboration, 2014
Background: The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) increases the need for evidence-based behavioral treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms on children's functioning. At present, there are no curative or psychopharmacological therapies to effectively treat all symptoms of the disorder. Early intensive behavioral intervention…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Behavior Modification, Child Behavior, Behavior Problems
Waddington, Hugh; Snilstveit, Birte; Hombrados, Jorge; Vojtkova, Martina; Phillips, Daniel; Davies, Philip; White, Howard – Campbell Collaboration, 2014
Since the 1980s there has been a decline or stagnation in public expenditure on agriculture in most developing countries (Akroyd & Smith, 2007). Likewise, the proportion of official development assistance (ODA) going to agriculture is estimated to have declined from around 20 per cent in 1979 to a low of 3.7 per cent in 2006, and has remained…
Descriptors: Agricultural Education, Field Instruction, Adult Education, Agricultural Occupations
Westbrook, John D.; Fong, Carlton J.; Nye, Chad; Williams, Ann; Wendt, Oliver; Cortopassi, Tara – Campbell Collaboration, 2013
Background: As the number of individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) rises, attention is increasingly focused on potential employment outcomes for individuals with ASD, especially for those individuals that are exiting public school settings. Individuals without disabilities are eight times more likely to be employed than…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Transitional Programs, Employment Qualifications
Tolan, Patrick; Henry, David; Schoeny, Michael; Bass, Arin; Lovegrove, Peter; Nichols, Emily – Campbell Collaboration, 2013
Background: Mentoring has drawn substantial interest from policymakers, intervention theorists, and those interested in identifying promising and useful evidence-based approaches to interventions for criminal justice and child welfare outcomes (Grossman & Tierney, 1998; Jekliek et al., 2002). Mentoring is one of the most commonly-used…
Descriptors: Mentors, Delinquency, Juvenile Justice, Power Structure
Fellmeth, Gracia L. T.; Heffernan, Catherine; Nurse, Joanna; Habibula, Shakiba; Sethi, Dinesh – Campbell Collaboration, 2013
Background: Educational and skills-based interventions are often used to prevent relationship and dating violence among young people. Objectives: To assess the efficacy of educational and skills-based interventions designed to prevent relationship and dating violence in adolescents and young adults. Search Methods: We searched the Cochrane Central…
Descriptors: Intervention, Interpersonal Relationship, Dating (Social), Violence
Tripney, Janice; Hombrados, Jorge; Newman, Mark; Hovish, Kimberly; Brown, Chris; Steinka-Fry, Katarzyna; Wilkey, Eric – Campbell Collaboration, 2013
Background: The increase of low-income, low-skilled youth in the labour market, particularly in developing countries, is a major concern internationally. In some regions of the world, young people are nearly three times as likely as adults to be unemployed. They are also more likely to work in the informal labour market than adults, in low quality…
Descriptors: Technical Education, Vocational Education, Intervention, Employment Potential
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