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Wiggins, Benjamin L.; Eddy, Sarah L.; Wener-Fligner, Leah; Freisem, Karen; Grunspan, Daniel Z.; Theobald, Elli J.; Timbrook, Jerry; Crowe, Alison J. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
The primary measure used to determine relative effectiveness of in-class activities has been student performance on pre/posttests. However, in today's active-learning classrooms, learning is a social activity, requiring students to interact and learn from their peers. To develop effective active-learning exercises that engage students, it is…
Descriptors: Active Learning, Student Attitudes, Class Activities, Pretests Posttests
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Eaton, Carrie Diaz; Highlander, Hannah Callender – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
Calculus is one of the primary avenues for initial quantitative training of students in all science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields, but life science students have been found to underperform in the traditional calculus setting. As a result, and because of perceived lack of its contribution to the understanding of biology, calculus…
Descriptors: Calculus, Biology, Interdisciplinary Approach, Curriculum Design
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Auerbach, Anna Jo; Schussler, Elisabeth E. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
The "Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education" final report challenged institutions to reform their biology courses to focus on process skills and student active learning, among other recommendations. A large southeastern university implemented curricular changes to its majors' introductory biology sequence in alignment with…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Alignment (Education), Scientific Literacy, Science Achievement
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Cary, Tawnya; Branchaw, Janet – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
The "Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education: Call to Action" report has inspired and supported a nationwide movement to restructure undergraduate biology curricula to address overarching disciplinary concepts and competencies. The report outlines the concepts and competencies generally but does not provide a detailed…
Descriptors: Biology, Fundamental Concepts, Undergraduate Students, Competency Based Education
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Sebesta, Amanda J.; Speth, Elena Bray – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
In college introductory science courses, students are challenged with mastering large amounts of disciplinary content while developing as autonomous and effective learners. Self-regulated learning (SRL) is the process of setting learning goals, monitoring progress toward them, and applying appropriate study strategies. SRL characterizes…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Biology, Learning Strategies, Science Achievement
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Hubbard, Joanna K.; Potts, Macy A.; Couch, Brian A. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
Assessments represent an important component of undergraduate courses because they affect how students interact with course content and gauge student achievement of course objectives. To make decisions on assessment design, instructors must understand the affordances and limitations of available question formats. Here, we use a crossover…
Descriptors: Test Format, Questioning Techniques, Undergraduate Students, Objective Tests
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Heideman, Paul D.; Flores, K. Adryan; Sevier, Lu M.; Trouton, Kelsey E. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
Drawing by learners can be an effective way to develop memory and generate visual models for higher-order skills in biology, but students are often reluctant to adopt drawing as a study method. We designed a nonclassroom intervention that instructed introductory biology college students in a drawing method, minute sketches in folded lists (MSFL),…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Recall (Psychology), Adoption (Ideas), Biology
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Cash, Ceilidh Barlow; Letargo, Jessa; Graether, Steffen P.; Jacobs, Shoshanah R. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
Large class learning is a reality that is not exclusive to the first-year experience at midsized, comprehensive universities; upper-year courses have similarly high enrollment, with many class sizes greater than 200 students. Research into the efficacy and deficiencies of large undergraduate classes has been ongoing for more than 100 years, with…
Descriptors: Large Group Instruction, Class Size, Biology, Teacher Attitudes
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Sabel, Jaime L.; Dauer, Joseph T.; Forbes, Cory T. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
Providing feedback to students as they learn to integrate individual concepts into complex systems is an important way to help them to develop robust understanding, but it is challenging in large, undergraduate classes for instructors to provide feedback that is frequent and directed enough to help individual students. Various scaffolds can be…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Biology, Metacognition, Answer Keys
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Jordt, Hannah; Eddy, Sarah L.; Brazil, Riley; Lau, Ignatius; Mann, Chelsea; Brownell, Sara E.; King, Katherine; Freeman, Scott – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
Achievement gaps between underrepresented minority (URM) students and their white peers in college science, technology, engineering, and mathematics classrooms are persistent across many white-majority institutions of higher education. Attempts to reduce this phenomenon of underperformance through increasing classroom structure via active learning…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Biology, Minority Group Students, White Students
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Hoskins, Tyler D.; Gantz, J. D.; Chaffee, Blake R.; Arlinghaus, Kel; Wiebler, James; Hughes, Michael; Fernandes, Joyce J. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
Institutions have developed diverse approaches that vary in effectiveness and cost to improve student performance in introductory science, technology, engineering, and mathematics courses. We developed a low-cost, graduate student-led, metacognition-based study skills course taught in conjunction with the introductory biology series at Miami…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Biology, Graduate Students, Intervention
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Andrews, Sarah E.; Runyon, Christopher; Aikens, Melissa L. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
In response to calls to improve the quantitative training of undergraduate biology students, there have been increased efforts to better integrate math into biology curricula. One challenge of such efforts is negative student attitudes toward math, which are thought to be particularly prevalent among biology students. According to theory,…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Biology, Test Construction, Values
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Lieu, Rebekah; Wong, Ashley; Asefirad, Anahita; Shaffer, Justin F. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
High-structure courses or flipped courses require students to obtain course content before class so that class time can be used for active-learning exercises. While textbooks are used ubiquitously in college biology courses for content dissemination, studies have shown that students frequently do not read their textbooks. To address this issue, we…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Biology, Science Instruction, Active Learning
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Gouvea, Julia – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
Small-"N" studies have been relatively uncommon in biology education research and are likely less familiar to instructors and administrators than large-"N" studies. Nevertheless, many scholars in the social sciences have argued for the value of small-"N" studies in informing research and practice (e.g., Flyvbjerg…
Descriptors: Biology, Science Instruction, Undergraduate Students, College Science
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Morales, Danielle X.; Grineski, Sara E.; Collins, Timothy W. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
Little attention has been paid to understanding faculty-student productivity via undergraduate research from the faculty member's perspective. This study examines predictors of faculty-student publications resulting from mentored undergraduate research, including measures of faculty-student collaboration, faculty commitment to undergraduate…
Descriptors: Student Publications, Faculty Publishing, Undergraduate Students, Student Research
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